GLOBE El Niño Field Campaign

 

El Niño and La Niña are important climatic phenomenon that can have impacts on the climate globally causing flooding and droughts as well as causing changes in seasonal weather. These interactions around the world are called teleconnections. Considering the importance of this issue, a GLOBE ENSO (El Niño Southern Oscillation) Campaign has been formulated to engage students in determining where and how much El Niño affects local places and to put students in contact with their local environment.

El Nino Southern Oscillation diagram
Colors indicated anomaly in sea surface temperature, arrows indicate wind direction. Source: NOAA

Students will use at least two of the GLOBE protocols of precipitation, air temperature, surface temperature, soil temperature, SMAP soil moisture and biometry - canopy and ground cover to observe changes from climate averages and correlate temperature and precipitation measurements with observations of phenology changes. Local analyses will be compared across the participating schools and examined in the broader spatial context afforded by satellite observations. For more details, check out the "How to Participate" section.

From left: A student digging a soil sample for measurement, students making a precipitation observation, and a teacher demonstrating the soil temperature protocol.

 

Data Observations March 1-June 13, 2016

Protocol

Precipitation

Air Temperature (Standard/Noons/Current/Max) Surface Temperature (Standard/Noons) Soil Temperature (Standard/Noons/Dailies) SMAP Soil Moisture Biometry - Canopy and Ground Cover
Schools 306 1,837 80 155 65 108
Observations 10,763 455,907 2,477 25,138 917 128

Note: This includes some observations from automated weather stations, especially for precipitation and air temperature.