GLOBE ENSO Student Research Campaign

 

Phase II - 2016-2017 of the GLOBE ENSO Student Research Campaign began on Wednesday, September 21, 2016 with a kick-off webinar. Please visit the WEBINAR page to sign up for webinar during Phase II of the ENSO Student Research Campaign.

El Niño and La Niña are important climatic phenomenon that can have impacts on the climate globally causing flooding and droughts as well as causing changes in seasonal weather. These interactions around the world are called teleconnections. Considering the importance of this issue, a GLOBE ENSO (El Niño Southern Oscillation) Campaign has been formulated to engage students in determining where and how much El Niño affects local places and to put students in contact with their local environment.

El Nino Southern Oscillation diagram
Colors indicated anomaly in sea surface temperature, arrows indicate wind direction. Source: NOAA

Students will use at least two of the GLOBE protocols of precipitation, air temperature, surface temperature, soil temperature, SMAP soil moisture and biometry - canopy and ground cover to observe changes from climate averages and correlate temperature and precipitation measurements with observations of phenology changes. Local analyses will be compared across the participating schools and examined in the broader spatial context afforded by satellite observations. For more details, check out the "How to Participate" section.

From left: A student digging a soil sample for measurement, students making a precipitation observation, and a teacher demonstrating the soil temperature protocol.

 

Data Observations March 1, 2016 - November 12, 2016

Protocol Precipitation Air Temperature (Standard/Noons/Current/Max) Surface Temperature (Standard/Noons) Soil Temperature (Standard/Noons/Dailies) SMAP Soil Moisture

All

Biometry

Schools 415 815 140 199 96 271
Observations 26,682 1,326,190 5,134 226,793 1,395 5,147

Note: This includes some observations from automated weather stations, especially for precipitation and air temperature.

GLOBE ENSO Student Research Campaign members, teachers, students, and campaign team at the 20th GLOBE Annual Meeting in Estes Park, Colorado 16-21 July 2016! Keep up the awesome work!