Community Blogs
 

Included below is a feed of the latest blog posts created by the GLOBE Community. To view a tutorial on how you can create a blog click here 



Did you know that soil moisture plays a vital role in human health? Those nasty little critters called mosquitoes love warm, wet soil, and can carry extremely dangerous viruses and diseases. We also can use SMAP soil moisture data to assist famine early warning systems. Improved seasonal soil moisture forecasts using SMAP data will directly benefit famine early warning systems particularly in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, where hunger remains a major human health factor and the population harvests its food from rain-fed agriculture in highly monsoonal (seasonal) conditions. In...


Posted in: Field Campaigns: SMAP Investigation Areas: Pedosphere (Soil) Pedosphere (Soil) » Soil Moisture - SMAP Block Pattern Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

The NASA SMAP satellite took off for space on January 31, 2015 to study our planet's soil moisture and freeze/thaw state. Once in space, the satellite had to go through a prescribed series of steps to ensure that the spacecraft was functioning and all its instruments and components on-board were working properly. This took several months. In mid-April 2015, NASA starting receiving its first soil moisture measurements from SMAP's combined high resolution radar and its high accuracy radiometer. The combination of this data produced a data resolution of approximately 8km. Unfortunately,...


Posted in: Field Campaigns: SMAP Investigation Areas: Pedosphere (Soil) Pedosphere (Soil) » Soil Moisture - SMAP Block Pattern Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

There are many application for SMAP soil moisture satellite data. Understanding drought risk is vital to the health of the planet and to the lives of potentially billions of people around the world. Soil moisture strongly affects plant growth and hence agricultural productivity, especially during conditions of water shortage and drought. Currently, there is no global in situ network for soil moisture monitoring. Global estimates of soil moisture and plant water stress must be derived from models. These model predictions (and hence drought monitoring) can be greatly enhanced through...


Posted in: Field Campaigns: SMAP GLOBE Science Topics: Earth System Science Investigation Areas: Pedosphere (Soil) Pedosphere (Soil) » Soil Moisture - SMAP Block Pattern Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

We all know that the SMAP satellite measures soil moisture. But, how does knowing our planet's soil moisture help us in understanding agriculture's reaction to it? SMAP monitors soil moisture and provides critical information for drought early warning. In fact, a deficit in the amount of moisture in the soil defines agricultural drought. SMAP's measurements will come into play because researchers forecast a threefold increase in drought frequency in many regions of the world by the end of the 21st Century. History shows that a sustained drought can result in crop failure, deaths of...


Posted in: Field Campaigns: SMAP Investigation Areas: Pedosphere (Soil) Pedosphere (Soil) » Soil Moisture - SMAP Block Pattern Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

Hello from Medford Memorial Middle School in Medford, New Jersey. The quest to get an accurate soil sample continues at Medford Memorial Middle School, Medford NJ. Hello, we are the students of Memorial’s Citizen Science Education Program. We’re excited to be part of the SMAP campaign, but have not yet been able to enter any data.  Here’s a brief overview of our journey. First, we learned about SMAP as a satellite, and then we studied the protocol. We didn’t have any soil sample cans, so we settled on a sturdy coffee can, Ryan had brought in from home. Ashwin measured 5 cm from...


Posted in: Field Campaigns: SMAP Investigation Areas: Pedosphere (Soil) Pedosphere (Soil) » Bulk Density Pedosphere (Soil) » Soil Moisture - Gravimetric Pedosphere (Soil) » Soil Moisture - SMAP Block Pattern Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

Guest Blog by NASA SMAP Scientists Dr. Erika Podest and Dr. Narendra Das of the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California USA. SMAP scientists are using soil moisture in a number of ways, ways that allow all of us to better understand water’s role on Earth: Weather Prediction : Water in the soil has the potential to evaporate (depending on atmospheric temperature and pressure) and when it does it plays a large role in cloud formation. Soil moisture also has a modulating effect on air temperature and humidity therefore having the ability to measure soil moisture...


Posted in: Field Campaigns: SMAP GLOBE Science Topics: General Science GLOBE Protocols Earth as a System Earth System Science Scientist Skills Investigation Areas: Pedosphere (Soil) Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

Have you ever wondered how the SMAP satellite, with an altitude of 685 km (425 miles) above the Earth, can take measurements as precise as the amount of water in the Earth's soil? The quick answer is that it requires precisely calibrated instruments, along with a technological marvel in satellite design. SMAP was designed to use a combination of two precise instruments, one with high resolution, one with high accuracy. THE INSTRUMENTS: Active (High Resolution): SMAP’s radar was designed accurately measure the echoes of very short radio frequency (RF) pulses that bounce...


Posted in: Curriculum: Science and Math Technology Field Campaigns: SMAP GLOBE Science Topics: Earth System Science Investigation Areas: Pedosphere (Soil) Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

Beste mensen, Het effect van de uitzonderlijk zachte winter op de natuur is ook bij de media niet onopgemerkt gebleven. In de uitzending van het KRO programma Brandpunt op zondag 16 maart komt het onderwerp aan bod. Zie http://gemi.st/KN_1656575 . Het item begint op 23:20. Verder zat ik op zondag 9 maart in het programma Jinek op Zondag. Dit is terug te zien op http://gemi.st/KN_1656819 . Tenslotte zat ik op woensdag 19 maart in het EO-programma 'Melk en Honing'. De uitzending is terug te bekijken op  http://gemi.st/EO_101212300 . Vriendelijke groeten, Arnold


Posted in: Field Campaigns: Seasons and Biomes GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Change Learning Activities: Land Cover/Biology Primary Audience: Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

Our sampling site Monocacy Creek - flows through Colonial, Moravian village and empties into the Lehigh River by the repurposed Bethlehem Steel Mill (entertainment center), then into the Delaware River which joins the Atlantic Ocean. Background Bridge traverses the creek at South end of village Runoff washes road salts from brine treatment into creek Every Spring the creek is stocked with fish   Original Scope of GLOBE project – Summer, 2012   Determine water quality of the creek flowing through the village impacted by the...


Posted in: Curriculum: Assessment and Evaluation GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Investigation Areas: Hydrosphere Learning Activities: Hydrology Primary Audience: Scientists Students Teachers

In December 2009, Dr. Donna Charlevoix, of the GLOBE Program Office, attended the COP-15 (15th meeting of the Conference of Parties) meeting in Copenhagen, Denmark.  Dr. Charlevoix gave a great summary of the meetings in five separate blog posts that began on 7 December 2009.  Some of you may have read these posts, and for those of you who haven’t, I encourage you to visit them, beginning with the first to get a better understanding of the importance of these annual meetings. This year’s meeting was titled COP-17 (17th Conference of Parties).  The meeting is...


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: General Science Primary Audience: Scientists