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Did you know that very soon, a new Earth-observing satellite will join the fleet of satellites that are monitoring the health of our home planet? The launch of the joint U.S.- European Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich satellite is set for November 10! Right now it is undergoing final testing at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California, and will be sent aloft on a Falcon 9 rocket. Once it is in orbit, about 1,336 km/830 miles above Earth's surface, its task will be to collect sea level measurements with an accuracy of a few centimeters (for a single measurement) for more than 90%...


Posted in: Curriculum: STEM Science and Math Technology Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, etc) Science Symposia and Fairs Field Campaigns: Seasons and Biomes El Niño GPM GLOBE Science Topics: Earth System Science Climate Earth as a System Scientist Skills GLOBE Working Groups: Education Working Group Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Earth As a System News Topics: Calendar Primary Audience: Partners Scientists Alumni Trainers Country Coordinators Teachers Students Student Research Reports: U.S. Student Research Symposia (SRS) Mission Earth Report International Virtual Science Symposium Report

Happy Fall! This is certainly not the typical beginning of the academic year we had hoped for, but I hear amazing things about GLOBE teachers across the country making it work remotely, through in-person hybrids and for some, completely in-person. I hope you find little tidbits here that you can use.  Stay safe and stay well friends! Resources that came skidding across my desk (aka my dining room table) this month: The STEM for All Multiplex theme of the month was “Leveraging Authentic Data Across STEM Curricula.” Follow the link to see the blog post, playlist and the recorded...


Posted in: Curriculum: STEM Language Culture and Arts Science and Math Event Topics: Webinars Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, etc) Science Symposia and Fairs GLOBE Science Topics: Scientist Skills Meetings/Conferences Climate News Topics: Virtual Science Fair Meetings Video

GLOBE Student Investigations with NASA This collaborative webinar was planned and presented by three NASA Science Activation Earth science awards and the GLOBE Implementation Office. Each group shared a broad range of NASA-sponsored opportunities and resources to connect students to investigating our Earth system using NASA and GLOBE data.  The recording is available on-demand https://www.globe.gov/web/mission-mosquito/overview/webinars/archived-webinars A list of resources shared by the presenters is available at https://bit.ly/3cwCkhz The goal is to support teachers and...


Posted in: Curriculum: STEM Event Topics: Webinars Science Symposia and Fairs Investigation Areas: Earth As a System Hydrosphere Atmosphere Biosphere Primary Audience: Teachers Students Partners

Did you know that NASA satellite data is being used to predict,monitor, and respond to vector-borne and water-related disease around the world? Imagine the value of using both GLOBE ground-based data; such as precipitation, vegetation, soil moisture, surface temperature, and humidity; to help us better understand disease! As you think about what you might like to research for the next school year, consider using NASA satellite data along with your GLOBE data to investigate various aspects of water-related and vector-borne disease. You can learn about the research conducted by...


Posted in: Curriculum: STEM Education Research Science and Math Technology Event Topics: GLOBE Learning Expeditions Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, etc) Science Symposia and Fairs Webinars Workshops Competitions Field Campaigns: Watersheds Seasons and Biomes El Niño GGIC SMAP GPM GLOBE Science Topics: Earth System Science General Science General Science @es Climate Change Data Included Backyard Science Climate Meetings/Conferences Scientist Skills Earth as a System GLOBE Protocols GLOBE Working Groups: Evaluation Working Group Science Working Group Education Working Group Technology Working Group Investigation Areas: Biosphere Atmosphere Earth As a System Hydrosphere Pedosphere (Soil) Learning Activities: Earth as a System Atmosphere and Climate Land Cover/Biology Hydrology Soil News Topics: Virtual Science Fair IOPs SCRC Research Community Letters Competitions Meetings Primary Audience: Partners Scientists Alumni Country Coordinators Trainers Teachers Students Student Research Reports: U.S. Student Research Symposia (SRS) International Virtual Science Symposium Report Standard Research Report Mission Mosquito Report Teacher's Guide: Grade Level Protocol Specific Documents Investigation Area Documents

A new study using NASA's Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission data entitled "Water vapor and soil moisture can predict afternoon rainfall" was recently published in the Geophysical Research Letters journal.  Many of us who use GLOBE protocols have wondered if we could use our data to help us answer some of the most challenging questions related to weather. This study might give some great ideas to students, teachers, and citizen scientists around the world to see if they can find similar results.  This article explains that the effect that water vapor has on weather...


Posted in: Curriculum: Science and Math Technology STEM Education Research Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, etc) GLOBE Learning Expeditions Competitions Science Symposia and Fairs GLOBE Science Topics: Earth System Science General Science Climate Change Data Included Backyard Science Meetings/Conferences Climate Earth as a System Scientist Skills GLOBE Protocols Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Earth As a System Hydrosphere Pedosphere (Soil) Biosphere Learning Activities: Earth as a System Atmosphere and Climate Land Cover/Biology Hydrology Soil News Topics: Virtual Science Fair IOPs Regions SCRC Research Competitions Primary Audience: Partners Scientists Alumni Country Coordinators Teachers Trainers Students Student Research Reports: U.S. Student Research Symposia (SRS) Mission Earth Report International Virtual Science Symposium Report Mission Mosquito Report Standard Research Report Teacher's Guide: Grade Level Protocol Specific Documents Investigation Area Documents

I bet you would be surprised to learn that since we began to collect "Mosquito Habitat Mapper" data (5/29/2017), we have had over 20,915 observations submitted! Think about how significant that number is for a tool that has only been available for less than three years!  As many of us who live in the northern hemisphere begin to see signs of spring arriving- robins, crocuses, leaf buds on the trees, and warmer weather- we know that we will also see adult mosquitoes before too long. While there are over 3,500 species of mosquitoes, only about 100 of those species are actually dangerous...


Posted in: Curriculum: STEM Education Research Science and Math Technology Event Topics: Meetings Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, etc) Science Symposia and Fairs Field Campaigns: Watersheds Seasons and Biomes El Niño GPM GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Change Backyard Science Climate Earth as a System Scientist Skills GLOBE Protocols GLOBE Working Groups: Education Working Group Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Earth As a System Hydrosphere Pedosphere (Soil) Biosphere Learning Activities: Earth as a System Land Cover/Biology Atmosphere and Climate Hydrology Soil News Topics: Virtual Science Fair IOPs Regions SCRC Research Meetings Teacher's Guide: Investigation Area Documents

Special observations of airplanes and contrails are being collected by a select few as part of a pilot project the GLOBE Clouds team has been working on for a year. The project asks students to use an app that tracks aircrafts, then note if the airplane is or is not creating a contrail. The airplane tracker app suggested notes the height of the airplanes, giving the opportunity to note the altitude of the contrails if present. The GLOBE Clouds team was able to present a first look at the data collected by students at Alpena Elementary/Middle School (Mr. Roger Rose teacher), Treadway...


Posted in: Curriculum: STEM Science and Math Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, etc) Other Science Symposia and Fairs GLOBE Science Topics: General Science Data Included Backyard Science Climate Meetings/Conferences Earth as a System Scientist Skills GLOBE Protocols GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Primary Audience: Partners Scientists Alumni Country Coordinators Trainers Teachers Students Student Research Reports: U.S. Student Research Symposia (SRS) International Virtual Science Symposium Report Standard Research Report

High school students in GLOBE teacher Mercy Molina's 11th grade class are working in five small research groups to investigate various aspects of mosquitoes in their region. Even though there will not be active mosquitoes during the time frame they will be doing their investigation (November through January), there are still many aspects of mosquitoes that they decided to learn more about.  The International School at Largo is a unique high school as it focuses on working with students for whom English is a second language, and who have come to the United States within the past four...


Posted in: Curriculum: STEM Education Research Science and Math Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, etc) GLOBE Learning Expeditions Science Symposia and Fairs Field Campaigns: Watersheds El Niño SMAP GPM GLOBE Science Topics: Earth System Science General Science @es General Science Climate Change Data Included Backyard Science Climate Meetings/Conferences Scientist Skills Earth as a System GLOBE Protocols GLOBE Working Groups: Education Working Group Investigation Areas: Biosphere Atmosphere Earth As a System Hydrosphere Pedosphere (Soil) Learning Activities: Earth as a System Atmosphere and Climate Land Cover/Biology Hydrology Soil News Topics: Virtual Science Fair SCRC Research Competitions Meetings Primary Audience: Partners Alumni Scientists Country Coordinators Trainers Teachers Students Student Research Reports: U.S. Student Research Symposia (SRS) International Virtual Science Symposium Report Standard Research Report Mission Mosquito Report Teacher's Guide: Grade Level Protocol Specific Documents Investigation Area Documents

Did you know that the mosquito is the world's most dangerous animal? What could be a better topic for students to research than this common insect that can cause so much damage?  We are looking for teachers and students who are interested in using the GLOBE Mosquito Habitat Mapper as a part of their IVSS science project investigation. You do not need to have active mosquitoes to do this research. There are so many ways that this can be done!  Students can collect data using the Mosquito Habitat Mapper and find out:  - Where in their community they find potential...


Posted in: Curriculum: STEM Education Research Science and Math Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, etc) Science Symposia and Fairs Competitions Field Campaigns: Watersheds Seasons and Biomes El Niño SMAP GLOBE Science Topics: Earth System Science General Science Climate Change Data Included Backyard Science Meetings/Conferences Climate Earth as a System Scientist Skills GLOBE Protocols GLOBE Working Groups: Education Working Group Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Earth As a System Hydrosphere Biosphere Learning Activities: Earth as a System Atmosphere and Climate Land Cover/Biology Hydrology News Topics: Virtual Science Fair Regions SCRC Research Competitions Meetings Primary Audience: Partners Scientists Alumni Country Coordinators Trainers Teachers Students Student Research Reports: U.S. Student Research Symposia (SRS) International Virtual Science Symposium Report Standard Research Report Mission Mosquito Report

  A new article is now available on the National Science Teachers Association (NSTA) Science Scope journal geared for middle school teachers on ways to integrate using the GLOBE Observer app in the classroom and take cloud observations. The article titled "Making Science Come Alive with Clouds" features GLOBE superstar educators Mr. Jeffrey Bouwman (Shumate Middle School in Gibraltar, Michigan, USA) and Dr. Caryn Smith-Long (Montverde Academy, Montverde, Florida, USA) as they share their classroom technology expertise and how they use the app with their students.    ...


Posted in: Curriculum: STEM Assessment and Evaluation Education Research Science and Math Technology Event Topics: Workshops Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, etc) Science Symposia and Fairs Competitions GLOBE Science Topics: Earth System Science General Science General Science @es Climate Change Data Included Backyard Science Meetings/Conferences Climate Earth as a System Scientist Skills GLOBE Protocols GLOBE Working Groups: Evaluation Working Group Education Working Group Technology Working Group Science Working Group Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Earth As a System Learning Activities: Earth as a System Atmosphere and Climate News Topics: Training Primary Audience: Partners Scientists Alumni Country Coordinators Trainers Teachers Students Student Research Reports: U.S. Student Research Symposia (SRS) International Virtual Science Symposium Report Standard Research Report Teacher's Guide: Standards Requirement Grade Level Investigation Area Documents

Story published on https://spaceweather.com/ on 10/29/2019. A sharable version of this story is available here. You can also look at Realtime Sprite Photo Gallery. Image Credit - Chris Holmes.   This is the picture that captured everyone's attention! It is a photograph of a gigantic jet as observed by pilot Chris Holmes as he traveled at 35,000 ft over the Gulf of Mexico near the Yucatan Peninsula. He noticed the big thunderstorm (or cumulonimbus cloud) producing lots of lightning with sprites and jets.    Gigantic jets, sometimes...


Posted in: Curriculum: STEM Education Research Science and Math Technology Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, etc) Other Science Symposia and Fairs GLOBE Science Topics: Earth System Science General Science General Science @es Climate Change Data Included Backyard Science Climate Earth as a System Scientist Skills GLOBE Protocols GLOBE Working Groups: Education Working Group Science Working Group Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Earth As a System Learning Activities: Earth as a System Atmosphere and Climate News Topics: Virtual Science Fair IOPs Regions SCRC Research Competitions Meetings Primary Audience: Partners Scientists Alumni Country Coordinators Trainers Teachers Students Student Research Reports: U.S. Student Research Symposia (SRS) International Virtual Science Symposium Report Standard Research Report Teacher's Guide: Grade Level Protocol Specific Documents Investigation Area Documents

  Water- the world's most precious resource. All around the world, NASA's Global Precipitation Measurement mission is collected data on how much precipitation is falling to Earth. NASA has just released its newest and most comprehensive estimate of rain and snow covering nearly 20 years. Version 6 of NASA's IMERG -- the Integrated Multi-satellitE Retrievals for Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) -- combines information from a constellation of satellites are operating in Earth orbit, at a given time, to estimate precipitation over the majority of the Earth's surface. This...


Posted in: Curriculum: STEM Assessment and Evaluation Education Research Science and Math Technology Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, etc) Science Symposia and Fairs Field Campaigns: Watersheds Seasons and Biomes El Niño Surface Temperature GPM GLOBE Science Topics: Earth System Science Climate Change Data Included Backyard Science Climate Earth as a System Scientist Skills GLOBE Protocols GLOBE Working Groups: Education Working Group Technology Working Group Science Working Group Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Earth As a System Hydrosphere Pedosphere (Soil) Biosphere Learning Activities: Earth as a System Atmosphere and Climate Land Cover/Biology Hydrology Soil News Topics: Virtual Science Fair SCRC Research Competitions Student Research Reports: U.S. Student Research Symposia (SRS) Mission Earth Report International Virtual Science Symposium Report Mission Mosquito Report Standard Research Report

Picture by Jan Curtin @ Vail, AZ (https://spaceweathergallery.com/indiv_upload.php?upload_id=156718) Raikoke Volcanic Eruption Have you noticed purple sunrises or sunsets where you live? Submit your photographs to GLOBE or GLOBE Observer, especially as we get ready to start the Fall Cloud Challenge: What's Up in Your Sky (Oct 15 - Nov 15, 2019)! People around the world have been noticing purple skies at dawn and at dusk, calling it the Raikoke Sunsets (see photographs submitted). The purple color is because of sulfurous gas that was launched into...


Posted in: Curriculum: STEM Education Research Language Culture and Arts Science and Math Technology Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, etc) Science Symposia and Fairs Competitions GLOBE Science Topics: Earth System Science General Science General Science @es Climate Change Data Included Backyard Science Climate Earth as a System Scientist Skills GLOBE Working Groups: Evaluation Working Group Education Working Group Technology Working Group Science Working Group Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Earth As a System Learning Activities: Earth as a System Atmosphere and Climate News Topics: IOPs Calendar Competitions Primary Audience: Partners Scientists Country Coordinators Alumni Teachers Trainers Students Student Research Reports: U.S. Student Research Symposia (SRS) International Virtual Science Symposium Report Standard Research Report

Water is essential to life as we know it. Too much or too little water can mean the difference between life and death. While we live on a "water planet" and almost three-quarters of our planet is covered with water, less than 2.5% of that water is actually freshwater. You can read more about Earth's freshwater resources in this article, "Precious Freshness", and watch the video "Show Me the Water". See the "Freshwater Availability Toolkit" here for even more great resources.  NASA's "Global Precipitation Measurement" (GPM) mission is measuring how much precipitation is falling from...


Posted in: Curriculum: STEM Education Research Science and Math Technology Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, etc) GLOBE Learning Expeditions Competitions Science Symposia and Fairs Field Campaigns: El Niño GPM GLOBE Science Topics: Earth System Science General Science Climate Change Data Included Backyard Science Climate Earth as a System Scientist Skills GLOBE Protocols Learning Activities: Earth as a System Atmosphere and Climate Land Cover/Biology Hydrology Soil Primary Audience: Partners Scientists Alumni Country Coordinators Trainers Teachers Students Student Research Reports: U.S. Student Research Symposia (SRS) International Virtual Science Symposium Report Teacher's Guide: Grade Level Protocol Specific Documents Investigation Area Documents

NASA está solicitando tu ayuda para determinar “¿Qué ves en tu cielo?” El equipo NASA GLOBE nube quiere estudiar diferencias en nubes y aerosoles. La data colectada durante este reto del otoño en el hemisferio norte o primavera en el hemisferio sur será comparada con los resultados obtenidos durante el reto de primavera del 2018. Puedes ayudar sometiendo observaciones de nubes, polvo atmosférico, calina, o humo (límite 10 por día) a GLOBE usando cualquiera de las opciones de entrada de datos, incluyendo la aplicación móvil GLOBE Observer. Los participantes GLOBE y GLOBE...


Posted in: Curriculum: STEM Assessment and Evaluation Education Research Language Culture and Arts Science and Math Technology Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, etc) Other GLOBE Learning Expeditions Science Symposia and Fairs Meetings Workshops Competitions GLOBE Science Topics: Earth System Science General Science General Science @es Climate Change Data Included Backyard Science Climate Meetings/Conferences Scientist Skills Earth as a System GLOBE Protocols GLOBE Working Groups: Evaluation Working Group Science Working Group Education Working Group Technology Working Group Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Earth As a System News Topics: Virtual Science Fair IOPs Regions Calendar SCRC Research Training Competitions Meetings Video Primary Audience: Partners Scientists Alumni Country Coordinators Trainers Teachers Students Student Research Reports: U.S. Student Research Symposia (SRS) International Virtual Science Symposium Report Standard Research Report Teacher's Guide: Grade Level Protocol Specific Documents Language Investigation Area Documents

Tú puedes reportar el cielo como 100% cubierto u obscurecido usando el protocolo de nubes en GLOBE y en la aplicación GLOBE Observer. ¿Cuál es la diferencia? Este blog tiene consejos para ayudarte. Todas las fotografías en este blog fueron colectadas por observadores como tú. ¡Gracias! Al principio encontré la diferencia entre cubierto y obscurecido algo confuso, pero cuando entendí el significado de ambas, pude mejorar mis observaciones. Empecemos con definir ambos términos:   Cubierto – Noventa por ciento o más del cielo está cubierto por nubes. En esta situación vez bien poco o...


Posted in: Curriculum: STEM Assessment and Evaluation Education Research Science and Math Technology Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, etc) Other Science Symposia and Fairs Competitions GLOBE Science Topics: Earth System Science General Science General Science @es Climate Change Data Included Backyard Science Climate Earth as a System Scientist Skills GLOBE Protocols GLOBE Working Groups: Education Working Group Technology Working Group Science Working Group Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Earth As a System Learning Activities: Earth as a System Atmosphere and Climate News Topics: Virtual Science Fair Regions Training Competitions Meetings Primary Audience: Partners Scientists Alumni Country Coordinators Trainers Teachers Students Student Research Reports: U.S. Student Research Symposia (SRS) International Virtual Science Symposium Report Teacher's Guide: Standards Requirement Grade Level Protocol Specific Documents Language Investigation Area Documents

The GLOBE Mission Mosquito campaign was delighted to have 23 IVSS projects submitted that used the Mosquito Habitat Mapper tool in their research. These projects came from students in elementary school through graduate students in college and were submitted from 15 different countries.  You can view an interactive map of these projects here.  During the GLOBE Mission Mosquito Education webinar, we invited three of these students and their teachers to share their projects and some "Best Practices" with us. You can view the archived webinar here. Ines...


Posted in: Curriculum: STEM Education Research Language Culture and Arts Science and Math Technology Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, etc) Science Symposia and Fairs Field Campaigns: Watersheds Seasons and Biomes El Niño SMAP GPM GLOBE Working Groups: Education Working Group Technology Working Group Science Working Group Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Earth As a System Hydrosphere Pedosphere (Soil) Biosphere News Topics: Virtual Science Fair Regions Calendar SCRC Research Competitions Primary Audience: Partners Scientists Alumni Country Coordinators Trainers Teachers Students Student Research Reports: U.S. Student Research Symposia (SRS) International Virtual Science Symposium Report Standard Research Report Mission Mosquito Report Teacher's Guide: Standards Requirement Grade Level Protocol Specific Documents Time Requirement Language Investigation Area Documents

GLOBE teacher Vicky Gorman and her middle school students have been working hard to help reduce the threat of mosquito-transmitted disease in their region. Before they began to use the Mosquito Habitat Mapper, they did some research to find out which mosquito-transmitted diseases are found in their location. They live in Burlington County, New Jersey, outlined in red below.  Based on a brochure produced by the NJ government about mosquitoes in their state, the students found out that the two most prevalent diseases transmitted by mosquitoes are West Nile virus and Eastern Equine...


Posted in: Curriculum: STEM Education Research Science and Math Event Topics: Workshops Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, etc) GLOBE Learning Expeditions Science Symposia and Fairs Field Campaigns: Watersheds Seasons and Biomes El Niño Surface Temperature GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Change Meetings/Conferences Climate Earth as a System Scientist Skills GLOBE Protocols GLOBE Working Groups: Education Working Group Science Working Group Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Earth As a System Hydrosphere Pedosphere (Soil) Biosphere Learning Activities: Earth as a System Atmosphere and Climate Land Cover/Biology Hydrology Soil News Topics: Virtual Science Fair SCRC Research Competitions Meetings Primary Audience: Partners Scientists Alumni Country Coordinators Trainers Teachers Students Student Research Reports: U.S. Student Research Symposia (SRS) Mission Earth Report International Virtual Science Symposium Report Standard Research Report Mission Mosquito Report Teacher's Guide: Protocol Specific Documents Investigation Area Documents

  Patchara Pongmanawut, a GLOBE teacher at the Princess Chulabhorn Science High School in the Trang Province in Thailand, has been doing fantastic work with her students.  These students have been at the top of the Mosquito Habitat Mapper Honor Roll for the past month, and show no sign of slowing down!     "In Thailand, there are many mosquito-borne diseases such as dengue, chikungunya, malaria, Japanese encephalitis, West Nile fever, St. Louis encephalitis, filariasis and Zika", Pongmanawut says. This has really inspired her and her students to go out...


Posted in: Curriculum: STEM Education Research Science and Math Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, etc) Other Science Symposia and Fairs Competitions Field Campaigns: Watersheds Seasons and Biomes El Niño SMAP Surface Temperature GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Change Backyard Science Meetings/Conferences Climate Earth as a System Scientist Skills GLOBE Protocols GLOBE Working Groups: Education Working Group Technology Working Group Science Working Group Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Earth As a System Hydrosphere Pedosphere (Soil) Biosphere Learning Activities: Earth as a System Atmosphere and Climate Hydrology Land Cover/Biology Soil News Topics: Virtual Science Fair SCRC Research Competitions Primary Audience: Partners Scientists Alumni Country Coordinators Trainers Teachers Students Student Research Reports: International Virtual Science Symposium Report Mission Mosquito Report Teacher's Guide: Investigation Area Documents

GLOBE Students! The GLOBE Clouds team is hoping you are all collecting observations or downloading and analyzing clouds data for the upcoming U.S. Student Research Symposia or the International Virtual Science Symposium. If you are using data downloaded from the GLOBE site, you will see a T between the date and time of the observations (example - 2018-10-01T14:00:00).    We got together with Dr. Helen Amos, who put together steps on how to take the "T" out using Excel and Google sheets. The result is having a date and time that looks like 2018-04-13T16:27:00 UTC to...


Posted in: Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, etc) Competitions Science Symposia and Fairs GLOBE Science Topics: Scientist Skills Meetings/Conferences GLOBE Protocols Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate News Topics: Virtual Science Fair Regions Student Research Reports: U.S. Student Research Symposia (SRS) International Virtual Science Symposium Report Standard Research Report