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October News Brief 2018 Left


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Help Make a Better World Land Map with NASA GLOBE Observer App New “Land Cover: Adopt A Pixel” Project

Landcover announcement photo

Starting this month, you can be part of a project to create more detailed satellite-based global maps of land cover by sharing photos of the world around you in a new NASA citizen science project. The project is a part of GLOBE Observer, an extension of GLOBE’s citizen science program that lets you contribute meaningful data to NASA and the science community.
 
The GLOBE Observer App, introduced in 2016, includes a new “Land Cover: Adopt a Pixel” module that enables citizen scientists to photograph the landscape with their smartphones, identify the kinds of land cover they see (trees, grass, etc.), and then match their observations to satellite data. Users can also share their knowledge of the land and how it has changed. “Adopt a Pixel” is designed to fill in details of the landscape that are too small for global land-mapping satellites to see.
 
The free GLOBE Observer App is available from Google Play or the App Store. Simply download the app, register, and then open the Land Cover module – an interactive tutorial will teach you how to make land cover observations. (Note: only participants from GLOBE countries can enter data through the app.) 
 
For more information, click here!

GLOBE Urban Heat Island Effect/Surface Temperature Field Campaign Begins Again 01 October – Your Observations Are Invaluable!

Student with poster board

The Urban Heat Island Effect – Surface Temperature Field Campaign will begin again on 01 October and will run through 31 October. Your observations and continued participation is invaluable to this scientific endeavor.
 
The campaign is focused on examining the impact urbanization has on the Earth’s surface temperature and how the surface temperature changes the dynamics of the Earth’s atmosphere. The campaign is now studying these impacts in seasons: October, December, and March. The main research question that needs to be answered is "How does surface cover affect surface temperature?" The campaign encourages participating students to set up research studies at their schools.
 
It is time once again to collect observations of surface temperature, clouds and snow – and add to the extensive data set that students and scientists, including Dr. Kevin Czajkowski (“Dr. C” at the University of Toledo), can use to study the urban heat island effect. More schools are now taking surface temperature observations; therefore, students can investigate how surface temperature changes between schools. There are many research questions possible with surface temperature! The surface temperature measurements contribute data: 1) not normally collected by weather agencies, 2) for climate studies, and 3) for ground-truthing satellite data.
 
To learn more about the campaign, including how to get started, what data to collect and when, and advice from Dr. C, click here. 

Join Upcoming Trees Around the GLOBE Campaign Webinar on 23 October: “Collect Earth: Live from Oregon USA with Researcher Peder Nelson”

Satellite image of trees

On Tuesday, 23 October, the Trees Around the GLOBE Student Research Campaign webinar “Collect Earth: Live from Oregon USA with Researcher Peder Nelson,” will be held at 2:00 p.m. EDT (6:00 p.m. UTC). During this webinar, Peder Nelson will introduce and detail the “Collect Earth” online tool. This tool is designed so that users can analyze high and very high-resolution satellite imagery for different purposes, including land cover, land use, and forest mapping. Peder will also discuss why we need ground-based photos, including clouds and land cover, via the GLOBE Observer App. A Collect Earth connection to wildlife (mosquitoes) will also be highlighted. (Prior to the webinar, it is recommended that all participants visit the Collect Earth Website.)
 

 
The Trees Around the GLOBE campaign is working in conjunction with NASA’s ICESat-2 (Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite). ICESat-2 will use lasers and a very precise detection instrument to measure the elevation of Earth’s surface. By timing how long it takes laser beams to travel from the satellite to Earth and back, scientists can calculate the height of glaciers, sea ice, forests, lakes and more – including the changing ice sheets of Greenland and Antarctica. The satellite will also measure heights across Earth's temperate and tropical regions, and take stock of the vegetation in forests worldwide.
 
The campaign will be focusing on one exciting variable that the ICESat-2 satellite will measure: tree height. The campaign will create an organized community of students who take tree height measurements; compare these measurements to established NASA programs; research tree height data from other GLOBE schools and countries; and take supplemental protocol measurements like Green Up/Green Down and Land Cover Classification. Participants will be able to compare their tree height data to the tree height data from ICESat-2. In addition, scientists from the ICESat-2 mission will periodically review the tree height data. This data will allow scientists to use it as satellite data validation and in potential professional research.
 
To learn more about the NASA ICESat-2 satellite mission, click here.
To learn more about the Trees Around the GLOBE campaign, including the GLOBE protocols, click here.

GLOBE Teachers: Join the “Local Lake Challenge” Visit a Local Lake and Collect Hydrology Data 02-08 October – Then Compare Data with the Worldwide GLOBE Community

Lake photo

GLOBE Teachers: GLOBE would like to invite you and your students to participate in the “Local Lake Challenge,” an international hydrology data-collection event that will take place from 02-08 October. In conjunction with the GLOBE expedition to Lake Victoria in Africa and Pokhara Lake in Nepal, you can take your students on a scientific journey to a lake in your area, collect data, and then enter the data into the GLOBE website – for eventual comparison with similar data taken around the world. The measurements to be taken at the lake are:

  • water temperature
  • pH
  • transparency
  • dissolved oxygen (DO) 
  • cloud observations 
  • Mosquito Habitat Mapper (GLOBE Observer App)

 You can collect data in all of the areas listed above, or pick a select few. Through virtual meetings and penpal exchanges, students can interact with collaborators and scientists to compare and analyze the data collected. The data can also be also used in 2019 GLOBE IVSS or U.S. Student Research Symposia (SRS) projects.
 
GLOBE U.S. Teachers: If you are a GLOBE teacher in the United States, and you are interested in participating in the project from 02-08 October, please register here.
 
GLOBE Regional Teachers: If you are a teacher in a GLOBE region, please inform your Country Coordinator that you are ready to participate in the Local Lake Challenge – so they can send you additional information. 

Brazil, Argentina, and Paraguay Collaborate on “Triple Frontier” –A Three-Country GLOBE Zika Education and Prevention Project Training

ZIka project
Triple Frontier CMT participants, including Country Coordinators: Marta Kingsland (Argentina); Antonieta Rojas (Paraguay); and Rodrigo Leonardi (Brazil)

In August, Zika virus mitigation efforts extended across international borders as Brazil, Argentina, and Paraguay held a joint “Triple Frontier” Country Mosquito Training (CMT) in support of the GLOBE Zika Education and Prevention project.

The project, funded by the U.S. Department of State, enlists citizen scientists in 22 Zika-affected countries in the collection of data on mosquitoes for a global mapping project. Data is being collected using the Mosquito Habitat Mapper, a protocol within the GLOBE Observer App. Over the course of this project and beyond, mosquito breeding site and larvae identification data submitted to the app will be used by public health officials and engaged citizens to prevent future outbreaks and to educate people about the Zika virus and other mosquito-borne infectious diseases.

For the Triple Frontier CMT, 63 participants (7 from Argentina, 14 from Brazil, and 42 from Paraguay) traveled to Ciudad del Este, a city in Paraguay that borders Argentina and Brazil. The Regional Coordination Office for the Latin America and Caribbean Region worked with Country Coordinators of the three participating countries to orchestrate this successful event. 

By organizing internationally on the Triple Frontier CMT, participants were able to identify areas at the highest risk for Zika transmission and were able to work collaboratively with representatives from neighboring countries in order to mitigate the risk of the Zika virus in the region. 

To learn more about this critical project, click here

Tech Update

Tech update

As a result of requests from community members, and with input from Working Group members, GIO and Science Systems and Applications, Inc. (SSAI) are rolling out a number of enhancements to the GLOBE website to help you find the information you need more quickly and easily. Four new “Sphere” pages have been created: Atmosphere, Biosphere, Pedosphere, and Hydrosphere. Each page organizes all of the GLOBE information associated with that sphere onto one convenient page. In other words, all protocols, training material, blogs, campaigns, discussion boards, and other relevant items are brought together for each sphere on the one page

In addition to these new sphere pages, the navigation is also changing slightly to help you find information. A convenient third-level, the drop-down menu has been added so that you can quickly see content under each section of the site. Items have also been consolidated to simplify the menu. For example, the “Community” tab has a “People” section that will link you to communities that support different GLOBE “People” (partners, GISN, Working Groups, trainers, alumni, etc.). The “Join GLOBE” area has evolved into a new “Get Started” tab, which has information for potential new members from different groups (teachers, GLOBE Observers, STEM professionals, etc.) on the benefits of joining GLOBE.

GIO and SSAI hope that these changes will help you find information more quickly on the site, and help you take advantage of all of GLOBE resources and community.

If you have any questions, please contact the Community Support Team at help@globe.gov

Article Highlights Alaska GLOBE Students Research Contributions – And Passion for Preservation – at 2018 GLE in Ireland

Alaska students

A recent article, “Alaska students share real-life climate change experiences at international event,” written by Heather McFarland and published by the International Arctic Research Center – University of Alaska Fairbanks, highlights the experience of Alaska high school seniors who presented research at the GLOBE Learning Expedition (GLE) in Killarney, Ireland, in July 2018.

As a result of their participation in the Arctic and Earth SIGNs “Climate Change and My Community” course, the students (Amber Alexie, Janna Pavilla, Jessie Nicholas, and Tristan Chimegalrea, from Ket’acik Aapalluk Memorial School in the Yupik community of Kwethluk, Alaska) conducted climate change science and developed stewardship projects in their communities. At the 2018 GLE, the students shared their research and their story of reclaiming their future. “A future where climate change impacts everyday life,” the article states.

Using GLOBE protocols, knowledge from local elders, and their investigative skills, the students focused their research on erosion along the banks of the Kwethluk River. “They found that soil moisture, vegetation, and boat anchoring played a role. Now they are petitioning their community to act,” McFarland states in the article. “In Ireland, the team took a unique approach to sharing their climate change experience while combating loss of indigenous heritage. They wrote, choreographed, and performed a Yupik dance.”

The article explains that the student’s journey to the GLE was about more than just sharing science and their cultural heritage. It was an opportunity for them to experience the world. “It was a lot of firsts,” Alaska GLOBE director and expedition mentor, Elena Sparrow of the International Arctic Research Center at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, said in the article. “It was so good to see these young people so invested in life, and learning and experiencing science, and not being shy about it.”

To read the full article, and learn more about this intrepid group and their research, click here.

U.S. Partners/Country Coordinators: Updated Video Tutorials for Creating and Managing Workshops

tutorial graphic

U.S. Partners and Country Coordinators: GLOBE website tutorials have been updated to include a new six-part workshop video training course. These newly updated videos provide multiple tips and will help you learn the most effective and efficient ways to use the workshop tool for hosting GLOBE training workshops.

To get started, visit the “Managing Workshops” page on the GLOBE website, by clicking here. The training is divided into six parts:

To learn how to enable subtitles, and how to translate them into your preferred language, check out the following tutorial: How to Translate Subtitles on a YouTube video. 

News Topics: News Briefs type: globe-news

News origin: GLOBE Implementation Office