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Prepare your Research Plan Prof. Constantinos Cartalis (University of Athens) ___________________________________________________________________________ The selection of the research strategy for the formulation of your research plan is probably the most important decision to be made. The choice of the strategy, whether analytical, experimental, descriptive or a combination of these, depends on several inter-correlated parameters and preconditions. Broadly speaking a research plan has four main points: explanation of proposed research (what will be done) novelty and/or importance of...


Posted in: Curriculum: STEM Education Research Science and Math Technology Event Topics: Science Symposia and Fairs GLOBE Science Topics: Scientist Skills Meetings/Conferences GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Education Working Group News Topics: Virtual Science Fair Primary Audience: Teachers Students Teacher's Guide: Grade Level » Secondary: 9-12 Grade Level » Middle: 6-8 Grade Level

By Claudia Caro  and Erika Podest  Curiosity is a natural characteristic of all people, especially the young. It is the first step for a child to build knowledge, and I am sure we can all remember as children asking what?, why?, where?, and numerous other questions as we tried to learn new things. Unfortunately, as children grow up, this natural curiosity slowly fades. Why is this? We don’t exactly know, but it might be that as children grow older they think they know all the answers or because most school systems are structured to teach by providing answers rather than...


Posted in: Curriculum: STEM Education Research Science and Math Technology Event Topics: Science Symposia and Fairs GLOBE Science Topics: Scientist Skills Meetings/Conferences GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Education Working Group News Topics: Virtual Science Fair Primary Audience: Teachers Students Teacher's Guide: Grade Level » Secondary: 9-12 Grade Level » Middle: 6-8

Authors: Claudia Caro and Olawale Oluwafemi (Femi) Our participation in the International Virtual Science Symposium (IVSS) as judges has allowed us  to learn more about  the scientific experiences of students involved in the GLOBE Program. As members of the GLOBE Science Working Group with backgrounds in Geography and Biology, we would like to share our findings about the importance of the IVSS in the GLOBE community and give you some advice to empower your participation in this extraordinary yearly event. Why an International Virtual Science Symposium? Knowledge about the...


Posted in: Curriculum: STEM Science and Math Technology Event Topics: Science Symposia and Fairs GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Education Working Group Primary Audience: Teachers Students Country Coordinators Teacher's Guide: Grade Level » Secondary: 9-12 Grade Level » Middle: 6-8 Grade Level

When you start writing your GLOBE report for IVSS, it might be difficult because you might not sure where to start. We tend to start writing the Methods section first because it is something you did it yourselves and it should be relatively easy and straight forward to write. Second, you should write the Results section, do graphs, tables and texts (think of a best way to present your cool data to the whole world). Third, you should start writing the Introduction stating your hypotheses and predictions. The next step would be the Discussion section. It is funny to say but as scientists, we...


Posted in: Curriculum: STEM Education Research Science and Math Technology Event Topics: Meetings Science Symposia and Fairs GLOBE Science Topics: Scientist Skills Meetings/Conferences GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Education Working Group News Topics: Virtual Science Fair Primary Audience: Teachers Students Teacher's Guide: Grade Level Grade Level » Secondary: 9-12 Grade Level » Middle: 6-8

Over the past few years I have been asked how to run a successful international collaboration from school to school. After much thought and reflection I have decided to blog about my experiences and the knowledge I have gained. As an experienced teacher who has had success with multiple International Collaborations, I would advise you and your GLOBE students to start by getting involved in an existing GLOBE campaign online, rather than trying to start a project of your own. This is a great way to get your feet wet before you dive in. Participating in other campaign projects is a fantastic...


Posted in: Curriculum: STEM Event Topics: GLOBE Learning Expeditions Science Symposia and Fairs Field Campaigns: SMAP GPM GLOBE Science Topics: GLOBE Protocols GLOBE Working Groups: Technology Working Group Evaluation Working Group Science Working Group Education Working Group Primary Audience: Teachers Students Alumni Country Coordinators

Many of us are so used to having clean freshwater that is easily accessible that we don't often stop to marvel at the fact that we are incredibly fortunate. The majority of our freshwater comes from our water cycle, and precipitation is unevenly distributed across the globe. You can learn more about the importance of clean freshwater resources in this "one-pager" entitled "Precious Freshness".   During our ENSO Phase III Webinar #3, we will be focusing on water quality in Europe and Eurasia. We will host this webinar at 18:30 UCT, and hope we will have many of you from around...


Posted in: Curriculum: Science and Math Language Culture and Arts STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, etc) Science Symposia and Fairs Field Campaigns: Watersheds El Niño GLOBE Science Topics: General Science Earth as a System Scientist Skills GLOBE Protocols GLOBE Working Groups: Education Working Group Science Working Group Investigation Areas: Hydrosphere Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Hydrology News Topics: Virtual Science Fair SCRC Research Primary Audience: Partners Scientists Alumni Country Coordinators Trainers Teachers Students

Written By Vaibhav  Chakraborty New Delhi, India It’s been almost 5 years since I first met these lovely people from Hawkins, Texas at GLOBE conference in New Delhi. At that point if someone would’ve asked me whether it’s a long run friendship or just a temporary meeting, but soon it turned out to be one of the best thing to have happened to me. While working on water and soil protocol as a part of GLOBE project, our respective schools scheduled Skype sessions so that we could exchange our data and be able to measure the differences between our data and draw a conclusion. Soon I...


Posted in: Curriculum: STEM Event Topics: GLOBE Learning Expeditions Competitions GLOBE Working Groups: Technology Working Group Science Working Group Education Working Group Evaluation Working Group Primary Audience: Alumni

Observations of daily precipitation have been a part of GLOBE from the beginning. At the start, GLOBE’s participation model was that schools would take measurement following all of the original 17 protocols. Atmosphere temperature, precipitation, cloud, and soil moisture measurements were to be collected daily at a site easily accessible to the school. A permanent installation of an instrument shelter containing a max/min thermometer mounted to a post along with a rain gauge was the expected norm with other measurements taken nearby. Daily temperature and precipitation measurements were to...


Posted in: Field Campaigns: El Niño GPM GLOBE Science Topics: GLOBE Protocols GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Education Working Group Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Primary Audience: Trainers Teachers Students Partners Country Coordinators Teacher's Guide: Protocol Specific Documents

From the start, the measurement of daily maximum and minimum air temperature within one hour of local solar noon has been a key GLOBE protocol. The low cost approach was to use a U-tube thermometer housed in a wooden instrument shelter facing away from the equator. The U-shaped tube contained mercury with pins on either side of the mercury. As the air temperature warmed the pin on one side would move while the other pin stayed in place; when the air cooled, the pin on the other side would be pushed up. The pins were held in place by magnetized strips behind the thermometer tube so that they...


Posted in: Curriculum: STEM Technology GLOBE Science Topics: Earth as a System Earth System Science GLOBE Protocols Climate Change Climate GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Primary Audience: Teachers Trainers Students Partners Scientists Alumni Country Coordinators

Heavy rains, floods and thunderstorms have affected thousands of families in Perú since January 14th, 2017. Apparently, Peruvians were not prepared to face this strong natural events as well as their later consequences: Overpopulation of mosquitos that spread dengue and other diseases as chikungunya virus, reduction of some important crops (rice, banana, yucca, yellow corn, avocado, cotton, asparagus, sugar cane, mango, grapes, alfalfa and lemon) (El Comercio, 2017a) and damages in many public facilities (bridges and roads) and private property (houses) - 100000 victims, 157000 houses...


Posted in: Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, etc) Field Campaigns: El Niño SMAP GLOBE Science Topics: Climate GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Investigation Areas: Earth As a System Hydrosphere Pedosphere (Soil) Atmosphere Biosphere

This time was my first visit to Trinidad and Tobago and to the LAC region. The visit was first of its kinds, knowing vividly that Africans and the People of Trinidad and Tobago have so many things in common in terms of Geography and Historical antecedent.  The motivation for my visit to Trinidad and Tobago started during the 17th GLOBE Annual meeting at Maryland. Initially, it was just a brief discussion with Henry Saunders (Country Coordinator, GLOBE Trinidad and Tobago). However, after a year, I met Mr. Michael at GLOBE Expedition in New Delhi, India where we had in-depth discussions...


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: Meetings/Conferences GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Investigation Areas: Pedosphere (Soil) Primary Audience: Teachers Students Scientists Alumni Country Coordinators

Usually, scientific issues are difficult to understand, most of the time because they are presented as a collection of facts with a lot of information to be analyzed at the same time that does not allow the student´s learning in easy way, because it is necessary a big memory and reasoning capacity of many elements in a short time. It demands the investment of  long time to  learn and short time to forget (Negrete and Lartigue 2004). On the other hand, Storytelling is considered a powerful educative tool because it improves student´s comprenhension about facts, along the exercise...


Posted in: GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group

As you might know, Phase II of the GLOBE ENSO Student Research Campaign is in full force! Are you an OFFICIAL MEMBER? If not, you are missing out on vital updates and potential collaboration with other GLOBE schools from around the world. We have already had 3 webinars for Phase II. CLICK HERE TO JOIN TODAY! Did you know that approximately 50,000 automated and non-automated measurements are uploaded by students, teachers, and automated systems every week? You might think that is a lot of data, and it is, but the Earth is a really big place and we need as much data as we can get in order...


Posted in: Field Campaigns: El Niño GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Investigation Areas: Pedosphere (Soil) Primary Audience: Trainers Teachers Students Partners Scientists Alumni Country Coordinators

Why should we study mosquitos in our area? By Mullica Jaroensutasinee, Krisanadej Jaroensutasinee, Walailak University Rebecca Boger, Brooklyn College and Elena Sparrow, UAF Before we try to answer this, we should ask ourselves about how much do we know about them? For example, how many mosquito species present in our area? Would they carry some diseases? Where are their main breeding sites? Would they prefer to bite kids than adults and elderly? What time of year? What time of day would they most active (biting us)? Let us give you some example on mosquitos that are main vector for...


Posted in: GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group

Thai Coral Reef and Climate Change Assoc. Prof. Krisanadej Jaroensutasinee, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Mullica Jaroensutasinee, Centre of Excellence for Ecoinformatics, Walailak University, Thailand Everybody loves to spend their vacation snorkling or diving, seeing coral reef, reef fish and other marine creature. Would it be very sad when we go diving and see lots of dead corals? Of course, we would. What can we do to prevent this to happen? How can we and our students involve in some coral conservation? It is everyone responsibility to help improve our world to be a better place to live in. ...


Posted in: GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group

My first empirical contact with the soil started almost 10 years ago when I was writing my B.Sc Dissertation on Grain Size Characteristics of Overbank Deposit on the Floodplains of Opa Reservoir Basin SW Nigeria. While undergoing this research I took 200 core bulk soil sediments along the three selected floodplains coupled with laboratory testing of samples, after a year the research was published by International Journal of Environmental Hydrology. http://www.hydroweb.com/journal-hydrology-2007-paper-22.html The SMAP training at LA during the 20th GLOBE Annual and Partners Meeting...


Posted in: Field Campaigns: SMAP GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group

The Surface Temperature Field Campaign has come to a close, but please feel free to keep taking surface temperature observations. I know that many of you and your students are still taking observations and you are planning your projects to present at science fairs as well as the GLOBE regional science fairs. The Surface Temperature field campaign ran through the first day of winter. In the Northern Hemisphere, the official first day of winter is December 22 this year and in the Southern Hemisphere, it was the first day of summer . The start of the seasons are actually defined in different...


Posted in: Field Campaigns: Surface Temperature GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group

This second week of the surface temperature field campaign has seem probably the warmest temperatures that we have seen in any field campaign in the eastern United States. I was at Ida Middle School in Michigan yesterday and the kids were outside in short sleeve shirts. The student was a little cold but it wasn’t terrible. Some years there is 200 mm of snow on the ground. We have had 26 schools, 8 countries and 9 US states enter 414 observations. Roswell-Kent Middle School is leading the pack with 83 observations. Main Street School in Ohio and Crestwood High School in Michigan are keeping...


Posted in: Field Campaigns: Surface Temperature GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group

We have had a great start to our 2015 Surface Temperature Field Campaign. We are off to a quick start with 16 schools reporting since December 1, 2015. There are a number of other schools that collected data in November. I hope they are able to collect observations in December as well. Since November 1, 8 countries have reported data and 5 states within the United States. If we look at the number of observations since December 1, Main Street School in Norwalk, Ohio has the most observations. Below, I’ll talk about how El Nino is affecting the temperatures in the United States. I noticed...


Posted in: Field Campaigns: Surface Temperature GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group

December 1 to December 31, 2015 The GLOBE Program will host the annual surface temperature field campaign from December 1 to December 31, 2015.  This is a great opportunity to work as a community with schools around the world on a common research project. Students have used the surface temperature field campaign data to do research projects from fourth grade up to graduate students at universities. One of my graduate students published her masters thesis and found that a strong warming due to urban areas is observable in the student data. It is my hope that continued expansion of the...


Posted in: Field Campaigns: Surface Temperature GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group