Community Blogs
 

Included below is a feed of the latest blog posts created by the GLOBE Community. To view a tutorial on how you can create a blog click here 



Tú puedes reportar el cielo como 100% cubierto u obscurecido usando el protocolo de nubes en GLOBE y en la aplicación GLOBE Observer. ¿Cuál es la diferencia? Este blog tiene consejos para ayudarte. Todas las fotografías en este blog fueron colectadas por observadores como tú. ¡Gracias! Al principio encontré la diferencia entre cubierto y obscurecido algo confuso, pero cuando entendí el significado de ambas, pude mejorar mis observaciones. Empecemos con definir ambos términos:   Cubierto – Noventa por ciento o más del cielo está cubierto por nubes. En esta situación vez...


Posted in: Curriculum: Assessment and Evaluation Education Research Science and Math Technology STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) Other Science Symposia and Fairs Competitions GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate Climate Change Data Included General Science General Science @es GLOBE Protocols Earth as a System Earth System Science Scientist Skills GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Education Working Group Technology Working Group General News Topics: Competitions Meetings Regions Training Virtual Science Fair Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Earth As a System Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Earth as a System Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers Student Research Reports: International Virtual Science Symposium Report U.S. Student Research Symposia (SRS) Teacher's Guide: Standards Requirement Grade Level Protocol Specific Documents Language Investigation Area Documents

NASA GLOBE Clouds Fall Data Challenge: What’s Up in YOUR Sky? Audience : Everyone! (Students and teachers all grade levels, informal educators, and the general public) Dates : October 15, 2019 - November 15, 2019 Observations : Clouds and aerosols (dust storms, haze, smoke) The NASA GLOBE Clouds Team at NASA Langley Research Center in Hampton, VA is excited to announce the NASA GLOBE Clouds Fall Data Challenge . Participants are invited to enter up to 10 observations per day of clouds, dust, haze or smoke from October 15, 2019 to November 15, 2019. Participants can...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Language Culture and Arts Science and Math Technology STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) Other Competitions GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate Climate Change General Science General Science @es GLOBE Protocols Earth as a System Earth System Science Scientist Skills GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Education Working Group Technology Working Group General News Topics: Competitions Calendar IOPs Regions Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Earth As a System Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Earth as a System Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers Student Research Reports: Standard Research Report International Virtual Science Symposium Report U.S. Student Research Symposia (SRS) Teacher's Guide: Grade Level Investigation Area Documents

In the GLOBE Clouds protocol and GLOBE Observer app, you can report if your sky is “overcast” or “obscured”. But what’s the difference? Below are some tips to help! All the photographs featured were collected by observers just like you - Thank you! I found “obscured” and “overcast” very confusing at first, but when I understood what they meant, things made much more sense. Let’s start by defining them: Overcast – The sky is completely covered by clouds (cloud cover greater than 90%). This means that you will see little or no blue sky. When it’s overcast, you are looking at...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Science and Math Technology STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) GLOBE Learning Expeditions Other GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate Climate Change General Science General Science @es GLOBE Protocols Earth as a System Earth System Science Scientist Skills GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Education Working Group Technology Working Group General News Topics: Competitions Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Earth As a System Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Earth as a System Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

NASA GLOBE Clouds team with summer intern (from left to right: Tina Rogerson, Kevin Ivey, Marilé Colón Robles. The NASA GLOBE Clouds team has been delighted to have recent high school graduate Kevin Ivey this summer as our intern through NASA's Internships and Fellowships program [ link ]. Read about his experience this summer as he tackled big data!     I’m Kevin Ivey and I’ve been interning with NASA GLOBE Clouds at NASA Langley Research Center this summer. I graduated high school in June and I’ll be a first-year at the University of Virginia this fall...


Posted in: Curriculum: Assessment and Evaluation Education Research Language Culture and Arts Science and Math Technology STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) GLOBE Science Topics: Climate General Science Scientist Skills GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Education Working Group Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Earth as a System Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

  ¿Vives en un área que tiene tormentas de polvo atmosférico? Nos gustaría que fotografíes el evento y envíes tus fotos usando el app GLOBE Observer. ¿Ya has estado enviando datos sobre tormentas de polvo atmosférico? ¡MUCHAS GRACIAS! Ahora queremos que todos sepan que pueden enviar datos sobre estas tormentas con GLOBE Observer usando los siguientes pasos.   Conoce a los científicos Daniel Tong es un pronosticador de polvo atmosférico con el Programa Nacional de Capacidades de Pronóstico de Calidad del Aire de la NOAA y el Equipo de Ciencias...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Science and Math STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Data Included General Science General Science @es GLOBE Protocols Earth as a System Earth System Science Scientist Skills GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Education Working Group Technology Working Group General News Topics: Regions Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Earth As a System Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers Teacher's Guide: Investigation Area Documents

# 19 August 2019 Prepared by Helen Amos, helen.m.amos@nasa.gov   How to Download Dust Observations Reported through GLOBE Dust event on 10 July 2019. Photo credit: GLOBE                             Citizen scientists from around the world have been reporting dust events using the  NASA GLOBE Observer app . You can learn about  how to get involved  here. This blog offers step-by-step instructions on how to download GLOBE dust...


Posted in: Curriculum: Science and Math Technology STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate Data Included General Science GLOBE Protocols Earth System Science Scientist Skills GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Education Working Group General News Topics: Competitions Training Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Earth As a System Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Earth as a System Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers Teacher's Guide: Investigation Area Documents

Do you live in an area that has dust storms? The Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment Program (GLOBE) team would like you to photograph dust events in your area and submit your photos using the  GLOBE Observer app .   Join NASA GLOBE Clouds Project Scientist, Marilé Colón Robles, to learn more about how to collect your observations and educational resources you can use with formal and informal audiences. Your observations will be used by scientists to verify satellite observations and see if their models have successfully predicted these...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Science and Math Technology Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate Climate Change Data Included General Science GLOBE Protocols Earth as a System Scientist Skills GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Education Working Group General News Topics: Calendar Training Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Pedosphere (Soil) Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Soil Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers Teacher's Guide: Grade Level Investigation Area Documents

  Do you live in an  area that has dust storms?  We would like for you to photograph the dust event and submit your photos using the GLOBE Observer app. Have you already been reporting dust storms? We noticed and what to say THANK YOU! Now we want to get the word out that anyone can report dust storms with the app following the steps below.   Watch the recorded webinar on how to submit your observations using the NASA GLOBE Observer app and learn about educational resources you can use in your classroom or in an informal setting...


Posted in: Event Topics: Other GLOBE Science Topics: Climate General Science General Science @es GLOBE Protocols Earth as a System Scientist Skills GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Education Working Group Technology Working Group General News Topics: Calendar Regions Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

GLOBE teacher Vicky Gorman and her middle school students have been working hard to help reduce the threat of mosquito-transmitted disease in their region. Before they began to use the Mosquito Habitat Mapper, they did some research to find out which mosquito-transmitted diseases are found in their location. They live in Burlington County, New Jersey, outlined in red below.  Based on a brochure produced by the NJ government about mosquitoes in their state, the students found out that the two most prevalent diseases transmitted by mosquitoes are West Nile virus and Eastern...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Science and Math STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) GLOBE Learning Expeditions Science Symposia and Fairs Workshops Field Campaigns: Seasons and Biomes Watersheds El Niño Surface Temperature GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change GLOBE Protocols Earth as a System Scientist Skills Meetings/Conferences GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Education Working Group General News Topics: Competitions Meetings SCRC Research Virtual Science Fair Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Hydrosphere Earth As a System Pedosphere (Soil) Biosphere Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Earth as a System Hydrology Land Cover/Biology Soil Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers Student Research Reports: Standard Research Report International Virtual Science Symposium Report U.S. Student Research Symposia (SRS) Mission Earth Report Mission Mosquito Report Teacher's Guide: Protocol Specific Documents Investigation Area Documents

  Patchara Pongmanawut , a GLOBE teacher at the Princess Chulabhorn Science High School in the Trang Province in Thailand, has been doing fantastic work with her students.  These students have been at the top of the Mosquito Habitat Mapper Honor Roll for the past month, and show no sign of slowing down!     "In Thailand, there are many mosquito-borne diseases such as dengue, chikungunya, malaria, Japanese encephalitis, West Nile fever, St. Louis encephalitis, filariasis and Zika", Pongmanawut says. This has really inspired her and her students to go...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Science and Math STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) Other Science Symposia and Fairs Competitions Field Campaigns: Seasons and Biomes Watersheds SMAP El Niño Surface Temperature GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate Climate Change GLOBE Protocols Earth as a System Scientist Skills Meetings/Conferences GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Education Working Group Technology Working Group General News Topics: Competitions SCRC Research Virtual Science Fair Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Hydrosphere Earth As a System Pedosphere (Soil) Biosphere Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Earth as a System Hydrology Land Cover/Biology Soil Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers Student Research Reports: International Virtual Science Symposium Report Mission Mosquito Report Teacher's Guide: Investigation Area Documents

This month, the GLOBE Mission Mosquito team is shining our " Spotlight " on the work that Diouf Birane and his students are doing in Senegal.   Birane Diouf and his students at the Lycee Seydina Limamoulaye are proud members of GLOBE’s “ Zika Education and Prevention Project .”  In some areas in West Africa, certain insects carry and spread diseases like African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness), chikungunya, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, dengue fever, leishmaniasis, lymphatic filariasis, malaria, onchocerciasis, Rift Valley fever, West Nile virus,...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Science and Math Technology STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) Science Symposia and Fairs Field Campaigns: Seasons and Biomes Watersheds SMAP El Niño GPM GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate Climate Change Data Included General Science GLOBE Protocols Earth as a System Earth System Science Scientist Skills General News Topics: SCRC Research Virtual Science Fair Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Hydrosphere Earth As a System Pedosphere (Soil) Biosphere Student Research Reports: International Virtual Science Symposium Report U.S. Student Research Symposia (SRS) Mission Mosquito Report

It is the middle of winter here in Maryland, and it is cold!  We had a lot of snow last week, and are expecting more precipitation later this week.  Even though I know we have no active mosquitoes outside, I am still using the GLOBE Observer Mosquito Habitat Mapper.  If you are also living somewhere where mosquitoes aren't currently active, we hope you will consider collecting data as well, so you will be prepared when active mosquito season arrives.   Wondering what kind of data you can collect when there are no active mosquitoes?  Great question! ...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Science and Math STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) Science Symposia and Fairs Field Campaigns: Seasons and Biomes Watersheds SMAP El Niño Surface Temperature GPM GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate Climate Change Data Included General Science GLOBE Protocols Earth as a System Earth System Science Scientist Skills Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Hydrosphere Earth As a System Pedosphere (Soil) Biosphere Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Earth as a System Hydrology Land Cover/Biology Soil Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers Student Research Reports: International Virtual Science Symposium Report U.S. Student Research Symposia (SRS) Mission Mosquito Report Teacher's Guide: Investigation Area Documents

The NASA GLOBE Clouds team is looking for members of the GLOBE International STEM Network (GISN) or any researcher that would be interested in publishing research (as lead or co-author) using the GLOBE Clouds data.  We are looking for researchers that are interested in: Cryosphere that would be willing to use cloud observations over the Arctic/Antarctica. Satellite validation studies with collocated observations, particularly those collected during GLOBE Clouds Data Challenge (March 15-April 15, 2018). Natural hazards to explore...


Posted in: Event Topics: Other GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate Climate Change Data Included GLOBE Protocols Earth System Science GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Primary Audience: Scientists

  The 2019 GLOBE International Virtual Science Symposium important dates and rubrics are now available! The GLOBE Clouds team at NASA Langley Research Center would love to see you use cloud observations in your research!  Do you need some ideas? Here are a few. Also, don't forget about the blog on how to come up with a good research question .  K-2nd grade: - What is the cloud type observed the most during Fall/Spring/Summer (choose one or a different period of time)? - Which cloud type, nimbostratus or cumulonimbus, produces the most...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Science and Math Technology STEM Event Topics: Science Symposia and Fairs GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate General Science GLOBE Protocols Earth System Science Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

Clouds are amazing to observe and always seem to capture the attention of all, from little ones to the young at heart. The GLOBE Clouds team would like to help all of those that would be interested in doing research with clouds. A good research question is always tricky so here are some tips and ideas to get you started! What is a good research question? It is not always easy to come up with a research question, but GLOBE has a good checklist to help you out! You can even assign points and see how many points does your question total as a good research question. A...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Science and Math STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) Science Symposia and Fairs GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate Data Included General Science GLOBE Protocols Scientist Skills General News Topics: Virtual Science Fair Investigation Areas: Atmosphere » Clouds Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Primary Audience: Alumni Partners Students Teachers Trainers Teacher's Guide: Grade Level Investigation Area Documents

I just updated HoloGLOBE to v1.0.2. For those of you new to this app, HoloGLOBE brings NASA and NOAA visualizations of the Earth to the palm of your hand through augmented reality (AR). You can read more about the app here: http://www.palmyracove.org/InstituteforEarthObservations/HoloGLOBE.aspx In this latest release, I have added play/pause functionality to the MyNASAData module. The MyNASAData is essentially an augmented reality version of GLOBE's Earth System Poster. In addition the new ICESat-2 module has been added. The ICESat-2 module was built by Emme Wiederhold, a student...


Posted in: Curriculum: Assessment and Evaluation Education Research Language Culture and Arts Science and Math Technology STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) GLOBE Learning Expeditions Other Science Symposia and Fairs Competitions Meetings Workshops Field Campaigns: FLEXE SCRC SCUBAnauts Seasons and Biomes Watersheds Carbon Cycle GGIC SCRC - Phase 1 SCRC - Phase 2 SMAP El Niño Surface Temperature GPM GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate Climate Change Data Included General Science General Science @es GLOBE Protocols Earth as a System Earth System Science Scientist Skills Meetings/Conferences GLOBE Working Groups: Evaluation Working Group Science Working Group Education Working Group Technology Working Group General News Topics: Competitions Meetings Video Web Maintenance / Enhancements Calendar IOPs Regions SCRC Research Training Virtual Science Fair Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Hydrosphere Earth As a System Pedosphere (Soil) Biosphere Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Earth as a System Hydrology Land Cover/Biology Soil Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers Teacher's Guide: Time Requirement Standards Requirement Grade Level Protocol Specific Documents Language Investigation Area Documents

Hello, GLOBE Family! You may be familiar with my dichotomous cloud key !  I am a meteorologist and educator who is interested in better understanding students ideas of weather and climate related topics. Would you help me launch an international research study to compare students' understanding around the WORLD and around different climate zones? How well can our students differentiate between WEATHER and CLIMATE and how well do they understand the complex ideas of CLIMATE CHANGE. Would you be willing to have your students take 20 minutes to complete this...


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change General Science Earth as a System Earth System Science Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Hydrosphere Earth As a System Biosphere Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

We had a fabulous webinar this afternoon in which students in both North America and South America shared their work on using GLOBE protocols to learn more about water in their environment. Meriam Kalloe, the GLOBE Assistant Country Coordinator for Suriname, brought together many students from Anton Resida Middle School who shared information on their use of several GLOBE hydrology protocols to study the quality of water in three locations near their school. They plan to continue to monitor the quality of the water in those three sites. Then Jeff Bouwman's middle school students...


Posted in: Curriculum: Science and Math STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) Science Symposia and Fairs Field Campaigns: SMAP El Niño GPM GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate Climate Change Data Included General Science General Science @es GLOBE Protocols Earth as a System Earth System Science Scientist Skills Meetings/Conferences GLOBE Working Groups: Education Working Group General News Topics: SCRC Research Virtual Science Fair Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Hydrosphere Earth As a System Pedosphere (Soil) Biosphere Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Earth as a System Hydrology Land Cover/Biology Soil Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers Teacher's Guide: Investigation Area Documents

Bill Smith, left, along with Kris Bedka. The NASA GLOBE Clouds team is excited to share with you this recent news article about two NASA scientists that help match your observations with satellite data - Bill Smith and Kris Bedka. They, along with Louis Nguyen lead SatCORPS, at team at NASA Langley Research Center that use expertise in clouds to make better weather predictions.  Read more about their work at  https://www.nasa.gov/feature/langley/how-cloud-data-is-improving-weather-forecasts    


Posted in: Curriculum: Science and Math Technology STEM Event Topics: Other GLOBE Science Topics: Climate General Science GLOBE Protocols Earth as a System Scientist Skills Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

As spring begins here in the northern hemisphere, we often see seasonal changes in our precipitation patterns. As most of you know, heavy rains can result in the mass movement of land- known as "landslides".  These natural hazards occur all over the world, and often result in destruction of property and even death. Scientists at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center are in the process of building an open worldwide database for landslide research- and we need you to help us out! Learn about the " Landslide Reporter " citizen science program in this blog .  Learn more about...


Posted in: Curriculum: Science and Math STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) Other Science Symposia and Fairs Field Campaigns: Seasons and Biomes Watersheds El Niño GPM GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate Climate Change General Science General Science @es GLOBE Protocols Earth as a System Earth System Science Scientist Skills General News Topics: Training Virtual Science Fair Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Hydrosphere Earth As a System Pedosphere (Soil) Biosphere Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Earth as a System Hydrology Land Cover/Biology Soil Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers Teacher's Guide: Investigation Area Documents

The GLOBE Program is in a unique position to provide citizens worldwide with amazing benefits. One of the biggest benefits, I feel, it that of gaining a larger perspective. I work at Goddard Space Flight Center with the GPM (Global Precipitation Measurement) mission . This Earth-observing satellite is able to measure global precipitation and update these measurements every 30 minutes. You can see the latest data animation for the past week here . As NASA is a key sponsor of The GLOBE Program, many of us who work for NASA are able to share the unique perspectives that...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Language Culture and Arts Science and Math Technology Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) Science Symposia and Fairs Field Campaigns: Watersheds El Niño Surface Temperature GPM GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change Earth as a System Earth System Science Scientist Skills General News Topics: Regions Virtual Science Fair Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Hydrosphere Earth As a System Pedosphere (Soil) Biosphere Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Earth as a System Hydrology Land Cover/Biology Soil Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers Teacher's Guide: Investigation Area Documents

Water- essential to life and capable also of causing so many natural disasters.. The ENSO Phase III "Water in our Environment" field campaign will be hosting a webinar this Thursday at 18:00 UTC/1 pm EST which will focus on "Connection and Communication" as we listen to students from Texas and Nigeria share ways they use The GLOBE Program protocols to learn about water in their environment. Feel free to join us as your schedule permits- this will be a great webinar to share with your students! 


Posted in: Curriculum: Language Culture and Arts Science and Math Field Campaigns: Seasons and Biomes Watersheds El Niño GPM GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change Data Included GLOBE Protocols Earth as a System Earth System Science Scientist Skills General News Topics: Calendar SCRC Research Virtual Science Fair Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Hydrosphere Earth As a System Pedosphere (Soil) Biosphere Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Earth as a System Hydrology Land Cover/Biology Soil Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers Teacher's Guide: Investigation Area Documents

We have all been dismayed to see the extent of the damage done during the recent landslides that occurred after forest fires had destroyed much of the vegetation, and then intense rain caused a horrific landslide to occur in Montecito. You can read more here about how NASA's Operational Land Imager (OLI) on Landsat 8 was able to acquire natural color imagery of the affected region both before and after the landslide occurred, which enables us to observe the impact of this natural disaster on the environment. NASA's Global Precipitation Measurement mission (GPM) measured the...


Posted in: Curriculum: Science and Math Technology STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) Field Campaigns: El Niño GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate Climate Change GLOBE Protocols Earth as a System Earth System Science Scientist Skills Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Hydrosphere Earth As a System Pedosphere (Soil) Biosphere Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Earth as a System Hydrology Land Cover/Biology Soil Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

Satellites can detect and collect a lot of observations in very short amount of time. It is simple to think that anything that is white in an image is a cloud. Well, not always.  Look at these beautiful images taken by the GOES 16 satellite of the recent "Winter Weather Bomb" that left a blanket of snow from South Georgia to New England on January 4, 2018. Click here and watch a loop of images from the GOES 16 satellite for January 4, 2018. GOES 16 Image taken on January 4, 2018 at 171720Z GOES 16 Image taken on January 4, 2018 at 201720Z   ...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research STEM Event Topics: Other GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate General Science GLOBE Protocols Scientist Skills Investigation Areas: Atmosphere » Clouds Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Primary Audience: Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

As many of us have seen on the news recently , a great many people in southern California were impacted by mudslides last night. We know these dangerous natural disasters occur all over the world. Scientists globally are working hard to be able to better predict these devastating events. You can learn more about the use of NASA's satellite data to detect potential landslides here .  I recently attended a hearing for government officials that focused on the increasing danger we face from landslides and mudslides and wrote this blog that summarized many of the reports...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Science and Math Technology STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) GLOBE Learning Expeditions Field Campaigns: El Niño GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change GLOBE Protocols Earth as a System Scientist Skills Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Hydrosphere Earth As a System Pedosphere (Soil) Biosphere Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Earth as a System Hydrology Land Cover/Biology Soil Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers Teacher's Guide: Protocol Specific Documents

The ENSO Phase III Field Measurement Campaign is focusing on “Water in Our Environment” during the 2017-2018 school year. Each month we have a webinar using Zoom, and we like to spotlight a different region each time. Our Feb. 8th spotlight will shine on the Near East and Africa. On February 8 th , we would like to shine this spotlight on the wonderful GLOBE scientists, teachers, and students from all 13 GLOBE countries in this region. We would therefore like to reach out and invite anyone within the GLOBE Program to consider participating in this webinar. Everyone is invited to...


Posted in: Curriculum: Science and Math Technology STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) Science Symposia and Fairs Field Campaigns: Seasons and Biomes Watersheds El Niño GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate Climate Change Data Included GLOBE Protocols Earth as a System Earth System Science Scientist Skills GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Education Working Group Technology Working Group General News Topics: Meetings Virtual Science Fair Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Hydrosphere Earth As a System Pedosphere (Soil) Biosphere Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

  It turns out that we are most likely entering another mild La Niña winter across the globe. This article, “ La Nina Makes a Quiet Return ”, describes how scientists are able to use data on sea surface temperatures from were made by altimeters on the  Jason-2  and  Jason-3  satellites, and show averaged  sea surface height  anomalies. Climatologists are predicting that this La Niña should last through the 2017-2018 winter period in the northern hemisphere, and then should change back to neutral conditions by late spring. Be sure to become a...


Posted in: Curriculum: Science and Math Technology STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) Field Campaigns: El Niño GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate Climate Change Earth as a System Earth System Science Scientist Skills General News Topics: SCRC Research Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Hydrosphere Earth As a System Pedosphere (Soil) Biosphere Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Earth as a System Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

Too much water can have devastating consequences when it falls too quickly on Earth's surface. On January 9th, the " Water in Our Environment " webinar will spotlight the experiences of our GLOBE community in Asia and the Pacific.  Earlier this week in the Philippines, tropical cyclone Kai-Tak wrecked havoc on this region as it caused extreme flooding and landslides . On December 4th and 5th, tropical cyclone Ockhi was the strongest cyclone to develop in the Arabian Sea since 2015, and it brought intense rainfall to the western part of India. A recent CNN report stated...


Posted in: Curriculum: Science and Math STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) Field Campaigns: Watersheds SMAP El Niño GPM GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate Climate Change Data Included General Science GLOBE Protocols Earth as a System Earth System Science Scientist Skills General News Topics: Calendar Training Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Hydrosphere Earth As a System Pedosphere (Soil) Biosphere Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Earth as a System Hydrology Land Cover/Biology Soil Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers Teacher's Guide: Investigation Area Documents

Yesterday I had the pleasure of attending a hearing entitled " Gravity Never Sleeps: Landslide Risk Across the Country "at the Rayburn House Office Building that was intended to inform our lawmakers and government officials about the impacts of landslides in many parts of the United States. As the topic is related to our guiding investigative question for the ENSO Student Research Campaign - " What impacts does water, above and below ground, have on our environment? ", I thought I would share some of the things that I learned. Jonathan Godt, the Landslide Hazard Programs Coordinator...


Posted in: Curriculum: Science and Math Technology STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) Science Symposia and Fairs Field Campaigns: El Niño GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate Climate Change Data Included GLOBE Protocols Earth as a System Earth System Science Scientist Skills GLOBE Working Groups: Education Working Group General News Topics: Regions Training Virtual Science Fair Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Hydrosphere Earth As a System Pedosphere (Soil) Biosphere Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Earth as a System Hydrology Land Cover/Biology Soil Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

Sometimes, actually most of the time, I forget to be grateful for the fact that I have easy access to clean freshwater. When Thanksgiving rolls around each year, I try to step back and consider the many things I have to be thankful for. Day after day I work with the amazing science team behind the Global Precipitation Measurement mission, and I never cease to be completely amazed at how technology has enabled us to monitor our home planet.  During our last ENSO Phase III webinar, we learned about water quality in Europe from several GLOBE scientists, teachers, and students from...


Posted in: Curriculum: Language Culture and Arts Science and Math Technology STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) Field Campaigns: Watersheds El Niño GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change Data Included Earth as a System Earth System Science Scientist Skills GLOBE Working Groups: Education Working Group Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Hydrosphere Earth As a System Biosphere Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Earth as a System Hydrology Land Cover/Biology Primary Audience: Scientists Students Teachers

What are the impacts of extreme events, like Hurricane Harvey, on the water quality? This article from the Smithsonian magazine describes multiple ways in which public health officials are responding to several threats facing residents of Houston and surrounding locations. These threats include the impact of mold, the potential of an increase in vector-borne diseases such as Zika and West Nile virus, and the problems of contaminants left behind in the public water supply.  Have you experienced severe flooding in your region that resulted in problems with water quality?  ...


Posted in: Curriculum: Science and Math STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) Science Symposia and Fairs Field Campaigns: Watersheds El Niño GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate Climate Change Earth as a System General News Topics: SCRC Research Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Hydrosphere Earth As a System Pedosphere (Soil) Biosphere

One way to teach students about water quality and/or how scientists go about their work is to share articles with them. Here is a great article entitled " Study Maps Hidden Water Pollution in U.S. Coastal Areas ". This research shows a great example of the use of both NASA satellite data and ground-based data. In this study, the researchers used U.S. topographic data as well as NASA climate models to "identify key inland regions that contribute groundwater and contaminants to the coast. They examined rainfall, evaporation rates and the amount of known surface runoff to...


Posted in: Curriculum: Science and Math STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) Science Symposia and Fairs Field Campaigns: El Niño GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change Data Included Earth as a System Earth System Science Scientist Skills Investigation Areas: Hydrosphere Earth As a System Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Earth as a System Hydrology

It is pretty neat when you can get two for the price of one- as most teachers can attest to with regard to trying to get everything into their curriculum. Did you know that this year, the FIRST LEGO League's challenge is focused on water. And what could be better, as that water is also the theme of this year's ENSO Student Research Campaign !  The LEGO Challenge Project states: "People use water every day, but they don’t think much about how and why they use water. Whether it’s directly (drinking or washing) or indirectly (manufacturing the products they use or producing food or...


Posted in: Curriculum: Science and Math STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) Science Symposia and Fairs Competitions Field Campaigns: Watersheds El Niño GPM GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change GLOBE Protocols Earth as a System Earth System Science General News Topics: Competitions Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Earth as a System Primary Audience: Students Teachers

From the start, the measurement of daily maximum and minimum air temperature within one hour of local solar noon has been a key GLOBE protocol. The low cost approach was to use a U-tube thermometer housed in a wooden instrument shelter facing away from the equator. The U-shaped tube contained mercury with pins on either side of the mercury. As the air temperature warmed the pin on one side would move while the other pin stayed in place; when the air cooled, the pin on the other side would be pushed up. The pins were held in place by magnetized strips behind the thermometer tube so that...


Posted in: Curriculum: Technology STEM GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change GLOBE Protocols Earth as a System Earth System Science GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSc3kwd0hHXG--39z2ADxi7-blg11wAx1RUG42GVHgsG12BP6g/viewform?c=0&w=1 Did you know that mosquito-borne diseases are impacted by both the El Nino and the La Nina weather patterns? Tonight during the ENSO Student Research Campaign Webinar #10 (at 8 pm EST) Dr. Assaf Anyamba will share the results of his research on the impact of these different patterns on the onset of Rift Valley fever in parts of Africa. As we know, these changing weather patterns alter the normal climatic conditions for regions around the world. In some places, this results in...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Science and Math Technology STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) Field Campaigns: El Niño GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change Earth System Science Scientist Skills Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Hydrosphere Earth As a System Pedosphere (Soil) Biosphere Learning Activities: Earth as a System Primary Audience: Scientists Teachers Trainers

As Earth science has a single uncontrolled object of study, the first rule is to take today’s data today. While ice and sediment cores and fossils can reveal past conditions, the observations that can be made right now cannot be replaced by ones taken later. This goes well with the Native American adage, “You can’t step in the same river twice.” The environment is constantly changing and doing so on a wide range of time and space scales. In a recent video post, Neil deGrasse Tyson said, “One of the great things about science is that it is an entire exercise finding what is true. You...


Posted in: Curriculum: Science and Math Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) GLOBE Learning Expeditions Science Symposia and Fairs Field Campaigns: SMAP El Niño GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change General Science Earth as a System Earth System Science Investigation Areas: Earth As a System Primary Audience: Alumni Students Teachers

Heavy rains, floods and thunderstorms have affected thousands of families in Perú since January 14 th , 2017. Apparently, Peruvians were not prepared to face this strong natural events as well as their later consequences: Overpopulation of mosquitos that spread dengue and other diseases as chikungunya virus, reduction of some important crops (rice, banana, yucca, yellow corn, avocado, cotton, asparagus, sugar cane, mango, grapes, alfalfa and lemon) (El Comercio, 2017 a ) and damages in many public facilities (bridges and roads) and private property (houses) - 100000 victims, 157000 houses...


Posted in: Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) Field Campaigns: SMAP El Niño GLOBE Science Topics: Climate GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Hydrosphere Earth As a System Pedosphere (Soil) Biosphere

Just when you think that perhaps the weather systems are settling down- our amazing scientific instruments are able to detect a potential change! I never cease to be amazed at what we are able to learn about Earth's systems- both from the ground and from space!  This article from the New York Times just came across my newsfeed- " It's Like it Never Left: Another El Nino May be on the Way ". In the article, it states that " Among the potential effects are wetter conditions across the southern United States, including Southern California; a drier Midwest; and drought in parts...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Science and Math STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) Field Campaigns: El Niño GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate Climate Change GLOBE Protocols Earth as a System Earth System Science Scientist Skills GLOBE Working Groups: Education Working Group General News Topics: Virtual Science Fair Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Hydrosphere Earth As a System Pedosphere (Soil) Biosphere Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

One of the important aspects of a scientist's job is to look at the data that was collected and try to make sense of it in order to better understand natural phenomena. With the ENSO Student Research Campaign, we have a unique opportunity to analyze data and use the analysis to help us better understand the impact of the ENSO cycles on weather and climate in locations all around the world.  I was looking at some of the data that many of our wonderful GLOBE teachers have sent during the ENSO campaign, and I noticed that we had data analyses sent to us from different...


Posted in: Curriculum: Science and Math Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) Field Campaigns: El Niño GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change Earth as a System Earth System Science Scientist Skills General News Topics: SCRC Research Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Hydrosphere Earth As a System Primary Audience: Alumni Scientists Students Teachers

There will be a special Google hangout for GLOBE teachers and scientists on Feb 15 at 7pm (ET ).  During this event, we will learn about the results of the research from several scientists who were onboard the research vessel, and will have a chance to ask questions about this work and results.   http://bit.ly/2lL4Kgd No registration required- open to any GLOBE teacher and/or scientist! Please share this! GLOBE Educator Webinar - Feb 15, 7pm ET Agenda below: Overview (~45 min program) Learn about an ongoing Earth science expedition with NASA scientists...


Posted in: Curriculum: Science and Math Technology Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) Field Campaigns: El Niño GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change General Science Earth as a System Earth System Science Scientist Skills General News Topics: SCRC Research Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Hydrosphere Earth As a System Biosphere Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Earth as a System Hydrology Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Teachers Trainers

I just came across an article from NASA's Earth Observatory that was released yesterday entitled " A Dry Start to South America’s Wet Season ". The article describes the current lack of precipitation in South America, and includes the map below. In this map, we are seeing the accumulated deficit of rainfall that is both flowing onto the surface and accumulating under the ground as of this October.   This got me wondering how South America might be impacted by the La Nina conditions in the near future. I did a little research, and found this article, also from NASA's Earth...


Posted in: Curriculum: Science and Math Field Campaigns: El Niño GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Earth as a System Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Hydrosphere Earth As a System Pedosphere (Soil) Biosphere

One of NASA's scientists, Dr. Stephanie Uz, has been working closely with the GLOBE ENSO Campaign throughout its beginning. She is an oceanographer who studies the response of ocean biology to physical forcing through remotely sensed satellite data, in situ measurements, model output and statistical reconstructions using proxies. Her research focuses on variability in global ocean color or chlorophyll concentrations, the pigment in microscopic phytoplankton, and the physical mechanisms causing those changes. Dr. Uz coordinates communication for the Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud, ocean Ecosystem...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Science and Math Technology Field Campaigns: El Niño GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change Earth as a System Earth System Science Scientist Skills Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Hydrosphere Earth As a System Biosphere Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Earth as a System Hydrology Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers Teacher's Guide: Investigation Area Documents

A version of this blog was originally posted on November 14, 2012 .  If you have been listening to the news or following along with weather and climate web pages, you have probably heard the term "ENSO."  ENSO, or El Niño-Southern Oscillation, is a quasi-periodic climate pattern that occurs in the tropical Pacific Ocean.  When the conditions change, the atmosphere responds in many different ways.  In certain locations, it is cloudier and it rains more, while in others it’s clear and dry.  Scientists are forecasting El Niño conditions to start...


Posted in: Curriculum: Science and Math GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Investigation Areas: Atmosphere

Blog originally posted on The GLOBE Scientists' Blog: http://blog.globe.gov/sciblog/2013/03/06/connecting-pollutants-and-air-temperature-in-the-maldives/ With climate change, there are many relationships that are understood, and many others that are not.  Dr. Veerabhadran Ramanathan from The Scripps Institute  in San Diego has spent the last fifteen years in the Maldives, a nation south of India that is comprised of over 1,200 islands, studying the relationship between air pollutants, cloud formation and air temperature. The Maldives are a great location for...


Posted in: Field Campaigns: Carbon Cycle GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change General Science Investigation Areas: Atmosphere

A couple of years ago, I attended a seminar sponsored by the Climate and Global Dynamics Division  (CGD) of the National Center for Atmospheric Research  (NCAR) on how climate change is threatening the survival of wolverines ( Gulo gulo ).  This scientist, Synte Peacock from CGD, painted a gloomy outlook for this ferocious creature after using a climate model to examine changes in spring snow cover and summer air temperatures.    However, recent legislative proposals may make the future a little brighter.   A...


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change

Blog originally posted on The GLOBE Scientists' Blog: http://blog.globe.gov/sciblog/2013/01/30/an-interesting-relationship-soil-temperature-and-climate-change/ It seems common place that warmer air temperature leads to warmer soil temperature. And while this relationship seems intuitive, the effect isn’t always studied, especially with respect to the response from microorganisms. That is why researchers are investigating what happens when the soil temperature increases. An intricate network of soil microorganisms From: Commonwealth Scientific and...


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change Investigation Areas: Pedosphere (Soil) » Soil Temperature

Blog originally posted on the GLOBE Scientists' Blog: http://blog.globe.gov/sciblog/2013/01/23/trees-in-trouble-what-affect-does-tree-mortality-have-on-climate-change/ Through our trees in trouble series, we’ve examined trees in the Sahel zone in Africa and the United States .  This problem, climate change and dying trees, has been seen on every continent, the only exception being Antarctica, due to the lack of vegetation on the frozen continent.   Scientists have recently found that there is an alarming loss rate of big, old trees, whose ages range from...


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change General Science Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Biosphere

Blog previously posted on The GLOBE Scientists' Blog: http://blog.globe.gov/sciblog/2013/01/16/a-tale-of-two-extremes/ Weather extremes have become a common theme in the news headlines the past few weeks. For example, nearly every part of the United States has been experiencing one of two extremes – either frigid cold or record-breaking high temperatures. Places like Arizona and California experienced below-freezing temperatures, which can have potential impacts on the crops grown in these typically balmy regions. In contrast, cities in the Southeast U.S., such as Atlanta,...


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change Investigation Areas: Atmosphere

Blog originally posted on the GLOBE Scientists' Blog:  http://blog.globe.gov/sciblog/2012/12/19/the-chicken-and-egg-story-of-global-warming-and-extreme-droughts-a-lesson-on-climate-feedbacks/ I recently read that the extreme drought in western North America during 2000-2004 actually resulted in more carbon dioxide being released into the atmosphere. In the article in Nature Geoscience , it explained that such droughts can further enhance global warming. When a drought occurs, the plants wither and die and no longer uptake carbon dioxide (normally living plants serve as a...


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change

Blog originally posted on The GLOBE Scientists' Blog:  http://blog.globe.gov/sciblog/2012/11/14/esno-basics-what-is-it/ Through many posts here on the Scientists’ Blog, we, in one way or another, discuss ENSO.  ENSO, or El Niño-Southern Oscillation, is a quasi-periodic climate pattern that occurs in the tropical Pacific Ocean.  When the conditions change, the atmosphere responds in many different ways.  In certain locations, it is cloudier and it rains more, while in others it’s clear and dry.  Through our “ENSO Basics” series, we’ll take a look at ENSO in...


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change General Science

Blog originally posted on The GLOBE Scientists' Blog:  http://blog.globe.gov/sciblog/2012/11/08/non-stationarity-new-vocabulary-for-a-changing-climate/ A few years ago I attended a workshop for early career scientists to discuss frontiers in integrated water-climate-society vulnerability and adaptation science. This interdisciplinary area of science focuses on the need for using scientific information to not only identify communities that are vulnerable to climate change, but to also help create effective approaches for communities to adapt to climate change. Since every...


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change

Blog originally posted on the GLOBE Scientists' Blog:  http://blog.globe.gov/sciblog/2012/11/01/full-circle-superior-part-iv-changing-superior-changing-industry/ This week we pick back up on our Full Circle Superior Series.  In 2010 Mike Link and Kate Crowley chose to walk around the largest fresh water lake in the world – Lake Superior which has shoreline in both Canada and the United States. This 1555 mile/145 day walk was the first ever by a couple and the first to attempt to stay on the shoreline. Because Mike and Kate are educators in their sixties they wanted to...


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate Climate Change

Blog originally posted on the GLOBE Scientists' Blog:  http://blog.globe.gov/sciblog/2012/10/19/supercomputing-and-climate-research-high-resolution-long-time-simulations-to-improve-our-understanding/ Have you ever watched a newscast and the on-air meteorologist mentions “according to our weather models, our best chances for rain will occur between the hours of 6 and 9 pm”? Have you wondered what exactly are those models they’re talking about? A weather model is a series of equations that take a look at an initial state of the atmosphere (such as the temperature,...


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: Climate General Science

Blog originally posted on The GLOBE Scientists' Blog:  http://blog.globe.gov/sciblog/2012/10/05/xpedition-review-reflections-back-and-looking-ahead/ To say that the journey to the summit of Mt. Kilimanjaro was a success would not do justice to the wonderful personal and scientific experiences the team had.  From taking the first steps toward the summit on Sunday 23 September to summiting the following week and boarding flights to return home, each team member gained something that will stay with them forever. Collecting data in the rainforest ...


Posted in: Field Campaigns: Seasons and Biomes GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change

Blog originally posted on the GLOBE Scientists' Blog:  http://blog.globe.gov/sciblog/2012/10/04/xpedition-day-ten-mweka-camp-to-park-gate/ Monday, 1 October was the final day of The Xpedition. After an exciting summit day, the team continues on their descent and is picked up to head back to Arusha, where they will enjoy a well-deserved meal. Unloading the equipment after a successful trip  Throughout the entire journey, the team relied on the use of porters, who are local Tanzanians who carry equipment up the mountain. These porters are essential to a...


Posted in: Field Campaigns: Seasons and Biomes GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change

Blog originally posted on The GLOBE Scientists' Blog:  http://blog.globe.gov/sciblog/2012/10/03/xpedition-day-nine-special-crater-camp-to-summit-to-mweka-camp/ On Sunday, 30 September, the team made it to the summit of Mt. Kilimanjaro. The summit sits at 5,895 m (19,340 ft) above sea level. What a fantastic accomplishment for the team!   Team at the summit Hiking on a glacier near the summit After the team spendt time celebrating their success, they began their descent, stopping at 3,200 m (10,498 ft) at Mweka Camp. To celebrate the...


Posted in: Field Campaigns: Seasons and Biomes GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change

Blog originally posted on The GLOBE Scientists' Blog:  http://blog.globe.gov/sciblog/2012/10/01/xpedition-day-eight-kosovo-camp-to-special-crater-camp/ As you may have noticed, the Scientist Blog was quiet for the past two days.  As is to be expected, things can change rapidly on the mountain and the ability for the team to send us their daily blogs was interrupted.  The team safely continued on their journey, and have sent us their blogs. Day Eight was Saturday, 29 September.  The team journeyed from 4,877 m (16,000 ft) to 5,608 m (18,399 ft).  This...


Posted in: Field Campaigns: Seasons and Biomes GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change

Blog originally posted on The GLOBE Scientists' Blog:  http://blog.globe.gov/sciblog/2012/09/28/xpedition-day-seven-karanga-camp-to-kossovo-camp/ Today the team continues on their journey to the summit of Mt. Kilimanjaro by traveling from the Karanga Camp, situated at 3,962 m (12,998 ft), to the Kossovo Camp at 4,877 m (16,000 ft). This leg of the journey takes the team back to the alpine desert biome. Part of the team stops for a photo While this biome is found on Mt. Kilimanjaro, it is also found in many other mountain ranges, including but not limited to...


Posted in: Field Campaigns: Seasons and Biomes GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change

Blog originally posted on The GLOBE Scientists' Blog:  http://blog.globe.gov/sciblog/2012/09/27/xpedition-day-six-lava-tower-to-karanga-camp/ A morning at camp  The team is now over halfway done with their trek to the summit of Mt. Kilimanjaro in Tanzania.  The journey began on Sunday 23 September as the team left Basecamp and hiked to Forest Camp.  You can read all about their journey starting here . A view of Mt. Kilimanjaro from the trail  Today’s part of the trek up Kilimanjaro takes the team back down in elevation,...


Posted in: Field Campaigns: Seasons and Biomes GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change

Blog originally posted on The GLOBE Scientists' Blog:  http://blog.globe.gov/sciblog/2012/09/26/xpedition-day-five-moir-hut-to-lava-tower/ Today marks another transition between biomes – from heath zone to alpine desert.  An alpine desert is a harsh, dry, windy region that consists of mostly bare rock and ice.  Temperatures during the day can soar to 38°C, while at night can be below freezing.  The air is very thin, which results in labored breathing as well as more intense solar radiation.  The Lava Tower camp sits at approximately 5,029 m (16,499 ft). ...


Posted in: Field Campaigns: Seasons and Biomes GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change

Blog originally posted on The GLOBE Scientists' Blog:  http://blog.globe.gov/sciblog/2012/09/25/xpedition-day-four-shira-1-camp-to-moir-hut/ Today the team will hike from Shira 1 Camp to Moir Hut (Shira 2 Camp on the map below).  This part of the journey will take the team further into the heath zone.  As discussed yesterday , the heath zone is a zone of sparse vegetation due to lower rainfall amounts.   The route the team is taking: the western approach route The team stops for a discussion about soils Today’s question focuses on...


Posted in: Field Campaigns: Seasons and Biomes GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change

Blog originally posted on The GLOBE Scientists' Blog:  http://blog.globe.gov/sciblog/2012/09/24/xpedition-day-three-forest-camp-to-shira-1-camp/ Today the team heads from 2,438 m to 3,505 m above sea level.  This portion of the journey will take the team from rain forest to heath zone.  A rain forest is characterized by high rainfall, with annual totals ranging from 1750-2000 mm (68-78 in).  A heath zone is above the forest line, where porous soils and lower rainfall result in sparser vegetation. Leaving the rain forest heading to the heath zone ...


Posted in: Field Campaigns: Seasons and Biomes GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change

Blog originally posted on The GLOBE Scientists' Blog:  http://blog.globe.gov/sciblog/2012/09/23/xpedition-day-two-basecamp-to-forest-camp/ Packed and ready for the journey   Today, Sunday, 23 September, the team packs up the vehicles and heads off on their journey.  Their itinerary for the day includes a few hours’ drive from basecamp followed by a 3 hour hike to Forest Camp, located at 2,438 m above sea level. Taking a quick break on the hike   The bloggers were asked the following question as they set off on their...


Posted in: Field Campaigns: Seasons and Biomes GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change

Blog originally posted on the GLOBE Scientists' Blog:  http://blog.globe.gov/sciblog/2012/09/19/students-teachers-and-scientists-explore-mt-kilimanjaro-through-globe-protocols-and-blogs/ Beginning on 23 September, five GLOBE students, teachers and scientists and one GLOBE alum will join commence on a journey through the biomes of Mt. Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, Africa. Known as, “the Xpedidion,” the 2012 trek marks the fifth year of this exciting journey. This year will be bigger than ever as a documentary film crew will join us. In addition, we will be sharing images via ...


Posted in: Field Campaigns: Seasons and Biomes GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change Earth as a System

Blog originally posted on the GLOBE Scientists' Blog at http://blog.globe.gov/sciblog/2012/08/28/full-circle-superior-part-ii-studying-streams/ We have a guest blogger this week.  Mike Linke is posting his second blog in a series about his walk with his wife, Kate Crowley, around Lake Superior. This is the second in a series about the science of Full Circle Superior; a walk around the world’s largest freshwater lake.  You can read the first blog post here. My wife, Kate Crowley, and I determined that we would be the first couple to walk around this lake, trying...


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate Earth as a System Investigation Areas: Hydrosphere Learning Activities: Hydrology Land Cover/Biology

To all my new friends and colleagues at Learning to Research.  I had a great time meeting you and working with you.  If you are in the New York/Long Island area and you need a place to stay, we have a guest room with private bath and we are 25 minutes from the city.  My number's in the book.  'Til then I wish you the best on your projects. 


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Primary Audience: Teachers

This post is the second in a series called “Trees in Trouble”.  To see the first post in this series click here . Climate impacts so many things on this planet, most notably the types of flora and fauna that live in a specific region.  And for those creatures that have annual cycles tied to the local climate, such as the hibernation of bears, migration of birds, and life cycles of insects, a change in climate can shift their way of life and even have subsequent consequences on the environment they live in. Take the pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae) for...


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change General Science

Many of the world’s glaciers, such as the Exit Glacier in Alaska, United States and Pasterze Glacier in Austria, have lost mass due to melting over the past few years. One such glacier, Exploradores in southern Chile, is also disappearing.  This glacier is a sight to behold – a 20 kilometer frozen mass that is filled with cliffs of luminescent blue and indigo ice. A view from inside the Exploradores Glacier, from Nature A view from inside the Exploradores Glacier, from Nature The Exploradores Glacier is one of many glaciers in the Patagonian Ice Fields located...


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change

Just over four years after my first visit to Australia (From drought to flood down under: Part I), the tides have turned and the country has gone from experiencing the driest decade on record to having the wettest two-year period on record in 2010-2011.  These recent rains have been both a blessing and a curse.  The good news is that they helped the region of southeastern Australia start to recover from the long drought (see Figure 1).  The bad news is that the rains came on heavy and strong.  In January 2011, devastating floods occurred across southeastern...


Posted in: Field Campaigns: SCRC GLOBE Science Topics: Climate General Science

All over the United States, spring flowers such as daffodils and crocuses began blooming nearly a month ago due to an unseasonably warm winter.  Some of my friends from many parts of the country have been mentioning how beautiful their gardens are and enjoying the warm weather.  Even my family and friends from the Mid-Atlantic region have been sending photos showing off their beautiful home gardens. Daffodils in bloom in late February Many think it’s really nice to see green grass, budding trees, and flowers in bloom in late February, as it’s a spirit lift...


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate Earth System Science

In December 2007, I arrived in Australia for the first time ever.  It was a critically dry period for the region, as they were in the midst of a terrible drought.  Immediately upon my arrival, there were signals of a community in dire straits.  Instead of advertisements for products and services, the signs in the airport were encouraging water conservation.  My hotel bathroom had a message affixed to the mirror asking me to limit my shower time and water usage.  The dams were drying up and many communities faced running out of water in just mere months.  As...


Posted in: Field Campaigns: SCRC GLOBE Science Topics: Climate General Science

Since the end of January 2012, Europe has been experiencing record-breaking cold temperatures and heavy snowfalls.  Temperatures are dropping to -40°C (-40°F) and below in Europe.  The canals of Venice are freezing over (the first time since 1991) and sections of the Black Sea have frozen (the first time since 1977).  And, Rome has received its first substantial snowfall since 1986. A small boat cuts through the ice along a canal in Venice. Photo by Marco Sabadin/AFP/Getty Images The frozen Black Sea in Ukraine (Reuters photo) ...


Posted in: Field Campaigns: SCRC GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change Investigation Areas: Atmosphere

If you’ve seen the science news headlines in the past few weeks, you may have noticed stories summarizing how 2011 ranked in climate history.  What is interesting is that the headlines have been a bit contradictory.  For example, if you’ve read the story as reported by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the headline reads “ NASA finds 2011 ninth-warmest year on record ”, which to me implies it was another record hot year given that it made the top ten list.  Nonetheless, another story reported in ABS news touts that the world wasn’t quite...


Posted in: Field Campaigns: SCRC GLOBE Science Topics: Climate General Science

When you think about farms, you may think of the sounds you hear.  Those sounds may include both natural and manmade sounds, such as the rustling of produce in the wind or machines working the fields.  While these are expected sounds that can indicate farm health, scientists recently have been looking at another natural sound: songbirds. Farmers are becoming more interested in looking at the key connections between ecological, economic, and social components to managing their farms, according to Quest science blog .  It is then important to make sure that clear and...


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate Climate Change Investigation Areas: Earth As a System Biosphere » Arctic Bird Migration

Nitrogen is an important molecule that makes up nearly 78 percent of the atmosphere.  Burning fossil fuels and using fertilizers for agriculture are two ways that this number can increase.  But the atmosphere isn’t the only place that nitrogen is found – it is also found in bodies of water.  Of the nitrogen that is spread in fertilizers, only 25-30 percent is absorbed by plants, so that leaves a lot of nitrogen left to either be absorbed by the atmosphere or into water.  Figure 1 shows the intricacies of the nitrogen cycle, from Physical Geography.net’s Fundamentals...


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Climate Change Investigation Areas: Hydrosphere Hydrosphere » Nitrates