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I am currently testing the attractability of mosquitoes to black and white, with a control of transparent plastic. This could help us determine what clothes to dress in to avoid mosquito bites, and therefore the spread of disease, when going outside.  Materials: Three 1 liter clear plastic containers One 1 liter white plastic container One 1 liter black plastic container Five wooden sticks Fish food Hypothesis: Mosquitoes will hatch more larvae inside of a white conatiner than a Black container because the white stands out more in a natural environment. I ...


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: GLOBE PROTOCOLS EARTH AS A SYSTEM EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE   Investigation Areas: EARTH AS A SYSTEM MOSQUITOES   Primary Audience: STUDENTS TEACHERS   Student Research Reports: INTERNATIONAL VIRTUAL SCIENCE SYMPOSIUM REPORT MISSION MOSQUITO REPORT


Initial Setup I decided to test how sunlight and container size would effect mosquito oviposition both in terms of how many larvae and what type of larvae are found in each container. Testing For Sunlight I found two locations in the same neighborhood with very different levels of sunlight. My first location is a sunny and open back yard (with my cat): My second location is a shady backyard near a golf course: Testing For Container Size At both locations I placed a 5 gallon home depot bucket and half of a plastic water bottle to compare the ...


Posted in: Investigation Areas: EARTH AS A SYSTEM MOSQUITOES   Primary Audience: STUDENTS TEACHERS   Student Research Reports: INTERNATIONAL VIRTUAL SCIENCE SYMPOSIUM REPORT MISSION MOSQUITO REPORT


As my trap experiment, I'm comparing location, trap contents, and trap container (mostly the container, hence the title). I have 8 traps set up across 3 locations - 3 in one, 3 in another, and 2 in the last. Each location's traps all share an origin for the water they use and the bait they use, but each of the traps in a location uses a different type of container - either a dark blue bucket, white bucket, black bucket, or clear soda bottle. As a further variation, the soda bottle traps are much smaller that the bucket traps, giving another layer to the data. The first set of traps ...


Posted in: Investigation Areas: EARTH AS A SYSTEM MOSQUITOES   Primary Audience: STUDENTS TEACHERS


The last 4 weeks of field trips and mosquito mapping have made me curious about the effect of water quality on the habitation of mosquito larvae in water bodies. So far, I have gone to a canal, creeks, ponds, and backyards. All these places vary in their water quality and mosquito larvae content. <--- The creek I visited had mostly clear water <--- Canal with poor water quality and lots of algae Looking beyond AOI for vector-borne disease data While my field research is limited to the area of interest (AOI), I researched New Jersey vector-borne surveillance reports ...


Posted in: Investigation Areas: EARTH AS A SYSTEM MOSQUITOES   Primary Audience: STUDENTS TEACHERS


After reading the article "Container Type Affects Mosquito Oviposition Choice," I was inspired to test how a container's surface area, an abiotic parameter, may affect female mosquito oviposition choice (Parker et al). At first, I was really curious about how the ratio of surface area to volume in a container affected oviposition choice. Thus, I began my experiment by finding containers with different surface areas but of similar volumes so I could control the volume of water in each container and more effectively isolate whether surface area affected oviposition choice. The first ...


Posted in: Investigation Areas: HYDROSPHERE EARTH AS A SYSTEM MOSQUITOES   Primary Audience: STUDENTS TEACHERS   Student Research Reports: INTERNATIONAL VIRTUAL SCIENCE SYMPOSIUM REPORT MISSION MOSQUITO REPORT


Conclusion:  Although no mosquitoes were found, this process has helped me understand the methodology of making an experiment and having to deal with hardships and setbacks. There were many potential sources of error both within the system of the experiment and with outside forces. Systematic errors could have stemmed from the trap design or location. The weather was a factor of random error. The weather varied across the duration of the experiment, sometimes drastically within a single week. The weather changes could have been counteracted with more frequent checking of the ...


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: EARTH AS A SYSTEM EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE   Investigation Areas: HYDROSPHERE MOSQUITOES   Primary Audience: STUDENTS TEACHERS   Student Research Reports: INTERNATIONAL VIRTUAL SCIENCE SYMPOSIUM REPORT MISSION MOSQUITO REPORT


I decided to test the impacts of fertilizer on mosquito breeding habitats. Background: I live in the Tampa Bay Area in Florida, and a major issue facing our ecosystems is fertilizer entering our waterways from runoff after people fertilize their lawns before it rains. This can lead to major algae blooms, like red tide, which are harmful to the rest of our marine organisms. Just last year, there was a particularly dangerous bloom that led to a fish kill where our waterways were littered with millions of dead fish. However, the Tampa Bay Area contains more than just marine ...


Posted in: Investigation Areas: HYDROSPHERE MOSQUITOES   Primary Audience: STUDENTS TEACHERS   Student Research Reports: INTERNATIONAL VIRTUAL SCIENCE SYMPOSIUM REPORT MISSION MOSQUITO REPORT


NYC is very hot and stuffy in the summer, but also has a lot of shade. A large part of this shade comes from large buildings, but most blocks have trees and there are some notable parks with a lot of tree cover as well. I get bitten all the time in the park when not in direct sunlight, but not so much when I'm downtown with the same level of shade.  I wondered if there was something to this natural shade (from trees) vs artificial shade (from buildings), or if the park in general was just more conducive to mosquito growth. I also added cute little PLA 3D Printed frogs as ...


Posted in: Investigation Areas: MOSQUITOES   Primary Audience: STUDENTS TEACHERS   Student Research Reports: INTERNATIONAL VIRTUAL SCIENCE SYMPOSIUM REPORT MISSION MOSQUITO REPORT


Background: I live in a suburban area around 30 miles south of San Francisco in the West Bay, near the wetlands/the bay. Our county regularly treats the wetland trails for mosquitoes, and they also do aerial treatment, especially in the spring when mosquitoes like to breed. Many previous literature papers concluded that mosquitoes prefer to oviposit in slightly alkaline water; as such, I predicted that there would be a higher abundance of mosquito larvae in the alkaline water. To make an alkaline solution, I added baking soda to water; to make an acidic solution, I added aspirin ...


Posted in: Primary Audience: STUDENTS TEACHERS   Student Research Reports: INTERNATIONAL VIRTUAL SCIENCE SYMPOSIUM REPORT MISSION MOSQUITO REPORT


Selecting the right satellite images and products can be challenging! In this blog, I am sharing my learning and experience of working with satellite images for image classification and visualization. The use of remote sensing satellite images to measure water qualities is a viable option to predict and control vector-borne diseases. Space agencies, such as NASA and ESA, provide open access to both acquired images and curated data/products for scientific research. Data is available both in the raw format as well as products (e.g. Top-of-Atmosphere (TOA) reflectance, ...


Posted in: Primary Audience: STUDENTS TEACHERS   Student Research Reports: INTERNATIONAL VIRTUAL SCIENCE SYMPOSIUM REPORT MISSION MOSQUITO REPORT


I currently have four traps in operational order. Two at one of my AOIs and two in backyard that were prototypes that I've left up because they seem to be performing admirably. I My traps have been up for about a week, the prototypes were deployed a day before the other two, and I haven't seen any mosquitos or mosquito larvae. I did take care to note that I used dog food in my trap, specifically the dry kibble variant instead of ones that come in chunks or are wet. I choose dog food over decomposed plant-based organic material because I noticed that the few times I've accidentally ...


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: EARTH AS A SYSTEM EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE   Investigation Areas: EARTH AS A SYSTEM MOSQUITOES   Primary Audience: STUDENTS TEACHERS   Student Research Reports: INTERNATIONAL VIRTUAL SCIENCE SYMPOSIUM REPORT MISSION MOSQUITO REPORT


Hello! My name is Margaret Gregory. I am a science writer for the USDA Forest Service. I found my way into the Forest Service through the Resource Assistant Program ; before that, I taught physical science and chemistry at a public high school for three years. Even though I taught the physical sciences, my heart lies in the biological sciences—I minored in biology in my undergrad program. Photosynthesis forms the cornerstone of biology; if plants couldn’t create energy from sunlight, our world wouldn’t exist.          ​​​​​​​This lesson plan ...


Posted in: Curriculum: SCIENCE AND MATH STEM   GLOBE Science Topics: GENERAL SCIENCE GLOBE PROTOCOLS SCIENTIST SKILLS   Investigation Areas: BIOSPHERE   Learning Activities: LAND COVER/BIOLOGY P4: A BEGINNING LOOK AT PHOTOSYNTHESIS   Primary Audience: STUDENTS TEACHERS


​​​​Teachers of Kindergarten to Grade 2 can use stories and observations of nature outside your door to help students understand how the systems of Earth (atmosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and pedosphere) are connected. Start by reading the Elementary GLOBE story “ All About Earth: Our World on Stage ” to get an overview of some of the connections between the components of the Earth. The story follows a classroom of students as they prepare a play to learn how Earth’s processes are interconnected and how living creatures interact with those processes. [One 30- to 45-minute class ...


Posted in: Curriculum: SCIENCE AND MATH   GLOBE Science Topics: BACKYARD SCIENCE GENERAL SCIENCE EARTH AS A SYSTEM EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE SCIENTIST SKILLS   Investigation Areas: EARTH AS A SYSTEM BIOSPHERE   Learning Activities: EARTH AS A SYSTEM EARTH SYSTEM IN A BOTTLE WE'RE ALL CONNECTED: EARTH SYSTEM INTERACTIONS EARTH SYSTEM PLAY   Primary Audience: STUDENTS TEACHERS


During the SEES internship, I got the opportunity to do data collection fieldwork. This required me to go around my neighborhood and take pictures of specific points that had been calculated using a Python notebook. Some of these points were in parts of my neighborhood that I’d never been to, despite being in my fourteenth year of living there. I even saw a pack of wild javelinas in a particularly remote spot! The task definitely took longer than I expected, but it felt good to know that I had contributed data that would actually help NASA scientists.  I also got to brainstorm my ...


Posted in: Investigation Areas: EARTH AS A SYSTEM MOSQUITOES   Primary Audience: STUDENTS TEACHERS   Student Research Reports: INTERNATIONAL VIRTUAL SCIENCE SYMPOSIUM REPORT MISSION MOSQUITO REPORT


Did you know that clouds can both warm and cool our planet? Keeping an eye on clouds helps NASA study our climate. You can notice some of these changes by just looking at the clouds.  Here are some examples you might have already noticed: Do all clouds cast shadows? Low thick clouds tend to cast the most shadows. The shadows show you how the cloud is blocking the light from the sun from reaching the ground. This is similar to you placing your hand in front of your eyes when it is too sunny. Your hand is blocking the light from reaching your eyes. This is the same as the ...


Posted in: Curriculum: SCIENCE AND MATH STEM   GLOBE Science Topics: BACKYARD SCIENCE CLIMATE CLIMATE CHANGE GENERAL SCIENCE GLOBE PROTOCOLS EARTH AS A SYSTEM SCIENTIST SKILLS   Investigation Areas: ATMOSPHERE   Primary Audience: ALUMNI COUNTRY COORDINATORS PARTNERS SCIENTISTS STUDENTS TEACHERS TRAINERS


  Stratus clouds are one of the three main types of clouds. Remember that there are many types of clouds that fall into three main categories: cumulus, stratus, and cirrus. Using  hand-motions , we would stretch out our hands as far out as we could to mimic a stratus cloud. There are stratus-type clouds at all three basic altitude levels. These are: stratus clouds (low level), altostratus clouds (mid level), and cirrostratus clouds (high level). When stratus-type clouds are present, your skies will most likely be overcast or the cloud cover is 90% or more. Note, there is a ...


Posted in: Curriculum: SCIENCE AND MATH STEM   GLOBE Science Topics: GENERAL SCIENCE GLOBE PROTOCOLS   Investigation Areas: ATMOSPHERE EARTH AS A SYSTEM   Primary Audience: ALUMNI COUNTRY COORDINATORS PARTNERS STUDENTS TEACHERS TRAINERS


Have you heard there is a new clouds project? It is called NASA GLOBE CLOUD GAZE. It is a merger of GLOBE Clouds and The Zooniverse online citizen science platform. A one-week pacing guide is now available! Sky photographs are one of the most requested portions of a GLOBE Clouds observation. This is because there is so much you can do with them. Photographs give scientists the opportunity to be right there with you. Details within a photograph can be used to compare with satellite data, confirm dust or haze observations, and give insight to unique cloud types like ...


Posted in: Curriculum: SCIENCE AND MATH STEM   GLOBE Science Topics: BACKYARD SCIENCE CLIMATE CLIMATE CHANGE DATA INCLUDED GENERAL SCIENCE GLOBE PROTOCOLS EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE   Investigation Areas: ATMOSPHERE   Learning Activities: ATMOSPHERE AND CLIMATE   News Topics: NEWS BRIEFS   Primary Audience: ALUMNI COUNTRY COORDINATORS PARTNERS SCIENTISTS STUDENTS TEACHERS TRAINERS


  Did you know that NASA's Earth-observing satellites gather data that is being used by people all over the world to help respond to a variety of challenges? The 2022 GLOBE International Virtual Science Symposium  is focusing on "Engineering Solutions for a Changing Climate". In this blog, I will share some information about the ways that Faisal Hossain, a Civil and Environmental Engineering Professor at the University of Washington, is using engineering and solving environmental issues through engineering solutions.  Faisal Hossain grew up in Bangladesh where he ...


Posted in: Curriculum: SCIENCE AND MATH TECHNOLOGY STEM   Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion: DIVERSITY, EQUITY, AND INCLUSION   Field Campaigns: SEASONS AND BIOMES WATERSHEDS SMAP GPM   GLOBE Science Topics: BACKYARD SCIENCE CLIMATE CLIMATE CHANGE DATA INCLUDED GENERAL SCIENCE GLOBE PROTOCOLS EARTH AS A SYSTEM EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE SCIENTIST SKILLS MEETINGS/CONFERENCES   GLOBE Working Groups: EDUCATION WORKING GROUP   Investigation Areas: ATMOSPHERE HYDROSPHERE EARTH AS A SYSTEM PEDOSPHERE (SOIL) BIOSPHERE   Learning Activities: ATMOSPHERE AND CLIMATE EARTH AS A SYSTEM HYDROLOGY LAND COVER/BIOLOGY SOIL   News Topics: COMPETITIONS SCRC RESEARCH VIRTUAL SCIENCE FAIR   Primary Audience: ALUMNI COUNTRY COORDINATORS PARTNERS SCIENTISTS STUDENTS TEACHERS TRAINERS   Student Research Reports: STANDARD RESEARCH REPORT INTERNATIONAL VIRTUAL SCIENCE SYMPOSIUM REPORT U.S. STUDENT RESEARCH SYMPOSIA (SRS) MISSION EARTH REPORT MISSION MOSQUITO REPORT   Teacher's Guide: STANDARDS REQUIREMENTS GRADE LEVELS INVESTIGATION AREA DOCUMENTS


Background Remote working and remote learning presented challenges to us all. As a Master Trainer in Colombia, Juan Felipe Restrepo Mesa faced and overcame his share of challenges when working with a new group of educators from rural areas.  Most of the training material and the tests that need to be answered were in English. This, of course, means that citizen scientists who do not speak English were prevented from making their contributions living in those areas where GLOBE Observer Mosquito Habitat Mapper's contributions are essential. Juan Felipe had to set up a MEET ...


Posted in: Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion: DIVERSITY, EQUITY, AND INCLUSION   GLOBE Science Topics: EARTH AS A SYSTEM EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE   Investigation Areas: HYDROSPHERE LAND COVER CLASSIFICATION MOSQUITOES   Primary Audience: COUNTRY COORDINATORS PARTNERS SCIENTISTS TEACHERS TRAINERS


Many protocol-trained GLOBE members may have noticed a recent update to the GLOBE Program’s GLOBE Observer app. The change brings a new look and a new way to submit GLOBE atmospheric measurements.  If you were used to entering meteorological conditions in the Cloud Tool, you’ll see this option is no longer there. Don’t worry, you can still submit these observations through the Atmosphere Data Entry section. You just need to do a few extra steps to get it all set up. The new update gives you the opportunity to save your favorite or go to observations as a bundle, a step you ...


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: CLIMATE CLIMATE CHANGE DATA INCLUDED GENERAL SCIENCE GLOBE PROTOCOLS   Investigation Areas: ATMOSPHERE EARTH AS A SYSTEM   Primary Audience: ALUMNI COUNTRY COORDINATORS PARTNERS TEACHERS TRAINERS