Student Research Reports
THE SPREAD AND BIODIVERSITY OF MOSQUITOES IN SPUSSA COMMUNITY, AKURE, ONDO STATE, NIGERIA
Student(s):i. PAUL EKE ii. KEMISOLA AKOMOLAFE iii. TEMITOPE AKINSUNNMADE
Grade Level:Secondary School (grades 9-12, ages 14-18)
Date Submitted: 03/12/2020
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The sufferings and pains caused by mosquitoes in our communities and societies cannot be overlooked. These insects propagate their diseases by infecting the host through pathogens. The project was aimed at observing the spread and bio-diversity of mosquitoes in St. Peter’s Unity Secondary School, Akure (SPUSSA) community, Ondo State, Nigeria. The objectives are to identify potential habitats of mosquito larvae, identify different species found in the study area and evaluate the physico-chemical properties of the environmental habitat. The study was conducted within three months. Two mosquito habitat sites were investigated in two locations (hydrosphere sites A and B). Samples of mosquito larvae from the sites were taken to the School’s science laboratory. They were placed in Petri dishes after they were sieved in which the larvae were counted. Macro clip on lens was used to count the mosquito larvae. The environmentally favorable parameters that support the breeding of mosquitoes in the area of study include air temperature range of 32oC – 39oC, water temperature range of 26oC – 35oC, relative humidity range of 10% - 42% and pH range of 3.5 – 8.0. Hydrosphere site A has less mosquito larvae than site B. The genera found in site A are Anopheles (58) and Aedes (19) while that found in site B are Aedes (112) and Anopheles (12). There is need to develop control strategies that will target the vector species.
Keywords: Mosquito larvae, Anopheles, Aedes, SPUSSA, Hydrosphere sites