Air quality (2020-2021)

GLOBE Ireland Air Quality Campaign 2020/21

The GLOBE Ireland Air Quality Campaign is a citizen science project to measure and assess nitrogen dioxide (NO2) air pollution at schools in Ireland. This is an educational project designed to raise awareness about traffic-related air pollution and showcase the potential of citizen science to gather unique datasets and insights into our environment. There have been 5 Air Quality campaigns since 2019, overall participation in the campaigns has increased year-on-year, from 31 schools taking part in the inaugural campaign in February 2019, to 112 schools in April 2021.

There was a total of 165 schools participating in the Air Quality campaign this 2020/21 academic year, compared to 103 in the previous 2019/2020 academic year. 53 schools took part in the October 2020 campaign and 112 schools participated in the April 2021 campaign

The April campaign saw a 100% increase in registrations compared to the October campaign, this included a large increase in primary school participation, from 11% of schools in October to 33% of schools in April. Twenty-four counties of Ireland were represented by participating schools in this campaign, an increase from previous campaigns and highlighting the level of interest in air pollution at a national level.

The campaign focuses on the measurement of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) outdoors at three locations on school grounds. A total of 412 valid NO2 (µg/m3) measurements were recorded for the October 2020 and April 2021 Air Quality campaigns


Figure 1. Map of Ireland showing October 2020 (left) and April 2021 (right) maximum tube value (tube with maximum level of NO2 out of 3 tubes per school) for each participating school. Source from EPA Analytics Team 2021 https://analyticsepa.shinyapps.io/GlobeApr2021

78% of NO2 measurements during 2020/21 fall into the two lowest pollutant level categories (low and low to medium), which is between 0 and 20µg/m3. Conversely, 22% of NO2 measurements are above 20µg/m3, and a small subset (approximately 5%) are greater than 30µg/m3 indicating elevated pollutant levels for a small number of schools. Only two measurements exceeded the WHO and EU annual guideline value of 40µg/m3, both tubes greater than 40µg/m3 were located close to roads in the Greater Dublin area. 


Figure 2. Average maximum NO2 measurements recorded at schools categorized by population profile. Source from EPA Analytics Team 2021 https://analyticsepa.shinyapps.io/GlobeApr2021/

The graph in Figure 2 shows the average of the maximum NO2 values measured at each school, characterized by location profile (city, suburb, town, rural) during two Air Quality campaigns. The maximum values are typically from tubes located closest to a ‘main road’. In general, schools located in cities and suburbs of cities recorded higher NO2 pollutant levels compared to schools located in small towns and rural settings. This is consistent with results from previous Air Quality campaigns.

Air Quality Campaign 2020/21 Conclusions
It is important to note that the measurements were taken over a short period (4 weeks in October 2020, 2 weeks in April 2021) and represent an average level during this short period. 

The results of the 2020/21 Air Quality campaigns show that, for most schools during the measurement period, there are generally low and low to medium levels of NO2 pollution in the air surrounding schools.

There is a consistent trend of deteriorating air quality in schools located in urban centers, especially in the Greater Dublin area. Occasional higher NO2 pollution levels can occur in schools outside of these urban areas where a school is located near highly trafficked areas. The Air Quality campaign results suggest that students and staff of city, and some suburban schools, are exposed to elevated NO2 concentrations, particularly in parts of the school grounds adjacent to main roads. This is consistent with EPA findings of higher nitrogen dioxide levels recorded in urban environments, where traffic-related air pollution is elevated. It is evident that further investigation is needed to understand the magnitude of this threat. 

Teachers and Students did excellent further research to understand the variability of NO2 levels due to: street architecture (ventilation); local topography; prevailing wind; and changes in weather from one recording period to the next.

Students submitted their Air Quality work as reports and research posters. You can click on a poster below to see its content. Each project takes a different perspective on the results and offers unique solutions to improve local air quality.

Research Posters 

Colaiste Chraobh Abhann, Kilcoole
Loreto Balbriggan and Educate Together NS Balbriggan
Dominican College Sion Hill
Larkin Community College
St. Joseph's Secondary School Castlebar
Presentation Secondary School Warrenmount

     

St. Clare's Primary School

          

Dunboyne Senior Primary School

 

Assumption Secondary School
St. Vincent's Castleknock College
Dominican College Sion Hill
Kishoge Community College
Larkin Community College
Loreto Balbriggan
Monaghan Model School
Pobalscoil Neasain
St. Clare's Primary School
St. Joseph's of Cluny
St. Nathy's College
The King's Hospital