Along with our current CloudSat and CALIPSO Missions, 2014 will be an exciting year for NASA Missions and GLOBE! Here are four opportunities to take part in GLOBE Campaigns related to NASA Missions: Soil Moisture Active Passive Mission (SMAP), Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM), CloudSat and CALIPSO.
The NASA Soil Moisture Active Passive or SMAP Mission will be launched on November 5, 2014. Once in orbit and checked out, SMAP will provide measurements of soil moisture and freeze/thaw state. The SMAP Mission will produces global maps of soil moisture every three days.
Previous to launch, SMAP will be having its Calibration and Validation (Cal/Val) Rehearsal-2 from May 5, 2014 through July 4, 2014. During this time, there will be an exercise of comparing in-situ soil moisture sensor data from SMAP Cal/Val partner sites around the world to simulated SMAP soil moisture observations. This exercise will serve as a testbed for comparing the site sensor data to the real SMAP data that will be received after launch.
During this Rehearsal-2 period, the SMAP science team would like as many GLOBE schools as possible to take soil moisture measurements that could also be compared to the simulated SMAP observations. This would prepare the SMAP team for best use of continued GLOBE measurements after launch of the SMAP satellite and will serve as an opportunity for GLOBE schools to become familiar with a new soil moisture measurement protocol aligned to SMAP measurements.
Clouds influence Earth's weather and climate. They bringing water from the air to the ground and from one region of the globe to another. Clouds also have a large impact on Earth's radiation budget; even small changes in cloud abundance or distribution could affect climate.
GLOBE students and teachers can collect and enter data that will be compared to CloudSat measurements. CloudSat, in turn, contributes Earth science learning opportunities to lifelong learners and shares the results of CloudSats scientific research mission to improve our understanding of clouds and global climate change.
CALIPSO, a joint mission between NASA and the French Space Agency, CNES, provides new insight into the role that clouds and atmospheric aerosols (airborne particulates) play in regulating Earth's weather, climate, and air quality.
CALIPSO combines an active lidar instrument with passive infrared and visible imagers to probe the vertical structure and properties of thin clouds and aerosols over the globe.