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GISN & STEM Professional's Blog

The GLOBE International STEM Network (GISN) and STEM Professional's Blog is an online collaborative effort where scientists associated with GLOBE post their thoughts, comments, and philosophies about a variety of science topics.

GLOBE strongly encourages positive and productive discussions to further advance the scientific understanding of all involved with The GLOBE Program.

 

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First Post:  For my project, I wanted to see how CO2 emissions could affect mosquito activity. To do this, I set up 4 water bottle traps. 2 of the traps contained a solution of tap water (1 cup), sugar (1/4 cup), and yeast (1 gram). The yeast and the sugar react to release carbon dioxide. (Fermentation) The other two bottles contained a basic solution of tap water and grass. One bottle of each type was placed in two different AOI locations.  Brief hypothesis: If mosquitoes are naturally attracted to carbon dioxide, then the CO2 emitting trap will have greater mosquito ...


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: EARTH AS A SYSTEM EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE   Investigation Areas: HYDROSPHERE EARTH AS A SYSTEM MOSQUITOES   Primary Audience: STUDENTS TEACHERS   Student Research Reports: INTERNATIONAL VIRTUAL SCIENCE SYMPOSIUM REPORT MISSION MOSQUITO REPORT


My main goal is to see what attracts mosquitos and although there are so many variables out there I only had the resources to test 2: color vibrancy and bait! I have 6 plastic cups filled with about a cup and a half of water each in addition to their assigned "bait". 2 cups are my controls which only contain water. One is a vibrant purple while the other is white. I keep this paired design for all my baits and also test grass clippings and salt water (mainly to see if sweat-that contains salt and other electrolytes-actually attract mosquitos). Each cup of salt water has about 2 tsp of ...


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: EARTH AS A SYSTEM EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE   Investigation Areas: HYDROSPHERE EARTH AS A SYSTEM MOSQUITOES   Primary Audience: STUDENTS TEACHERS   Student Research Reports: INTERNATIONAL VIRTUAL SCIENCE SYMPOSIUM REPORT MISSION MOSQUITO REPORT


Purpose The purpose of this experiment is to determine the prevalence of two characteristics of containers in attracting more mosquitos. I wanted to measure if mosquitos prefer to lay their eggs in locations with more shade as well as how the color of the trap, dark or clear, can also impact this preference. Methods Since Aedes mosquitos, which are the most common type of mosquitos in San Diego County, tend to prefer containers with larger openings, I used such dishes to create my traps. Out of the three traps, I use a fully clear container for one and black containers for ...


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: EARTH AS A SYSTEM EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE   Investigation Areas: HYDROSPHERE EARTH AS A SYSTEM MOSQUITOES   Primary Audience: STUDENTS TEACHERS   Student Research Reports: INTERNATIONAL VIRTUAL SCIENCE SYMPOSIUM REPORT MISSION MOSQUITO REPORT


I decided to have two controls for my experiment: plain water and sugar water. Since I am testing how mosquitoes react to flowers; specifically, the number of eggs I collect, I wanted to get more variant data by having plain water and sugar water. After the first week of my experiment, I saw that many ants infested the sugar water (as anticipated), however, I found more mosquito larvae in the traps that had both sugar and flowers. This concluded that either the mosquitoes were attracted to the scent of the flowers or the appearance. Living in New York City, there aren't many ...


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: EARTH AS A SYSTEM EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE   Investigation Areas: HYDROSPHERE EARTH AS A SYSTEM MOSQUITOES   Primary Audience: STUDENTS TEACHERS   Student Research Reports: INTERNATIONAL VIRTUAL SCIENCE SYMPOSIUM REPORT MISSION MOSQUITO REPORT


Introduction/Theory  For my mosquito experiment, I am testing how different kinds of bait affect the number of oviposition in my trap. Different mosquito species are attracted to different habitats, natural or artificial, some of which have been changing due to climate change. Mosquitoes are the most dangerous animal in the world because of their disease transmitting abilities, so understanding their oviposition instincts could be crucial in order to prevent further spreading of dangerous diseases such as the dengue virus, malaria, or the zika virus.  Variables   ...


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: EARTH AS A SYSTEM EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE   Investigation Areas: HYDROSPHERE EARTH AS A SYSTEM MOSQUITOES   Primary Audience: STUDENTS TEACHERS   Student Research Reports: INTERNATIONAL VIRTUAL SCIENCE SYMPOSIUM REPORT MISSION MOSQUITO REPORT


During my field study, I observed that I found more mosquito larvae in dirty ditches under an open sky. Based on my observations, for my mosquito traps, the specific variables I chose to control were centered around the quality of water and trap wall materials. I made 3 traps: A deep ceramic pot with mud, water, sticks, and dead and live plants, a cut water bottle with clear water and black electrical tape wrapped around it, and a shallow, wide plastic dish filled with water and dead vegetation but relatively little other particulates.      1. Pot trap with ...


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: EARTH AS A SYSTEM EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE   Investigation Areas: HYDROSPHERE MOSQUITOES   Primary Audience: STUDENTS TEACHERS   Student Research Reports: INTERNATIONAL VIRTUAL SCIENCE SYMPOSIUM REPORT MISSION MOSQUITO REPORT


After reading the article "Container Type Affects Mosquito Oviposition Choice," I was inspired to test how a container's surface area, an abiotic parameter, may affect female mosquito oviposition choice (Parker et al). At first, I was really curious about how the ratio of surface area to volume in a container affected oviposition choice. Thus, I began my experiment by finding containers with different surface areas but of similar volumes so I could control the volume of water in each container and more effectively isolate whether surface area affected oviposition choice. The first ...


Posted in: Investigation Areas: HYDROSPHERE EARTH AS A SYSTEM MOSQUITOES   Primary Audience: STUDENTS TEACHERS   Student Research Reports: INTERNATIONAL VIRTUAL SCIENCE SYMPOSIUM REPORT MISSION MOSQUITO REPORT


Conclusion:  Although no mosquitoes were found, this process has helped me understand the methodology of making an experiment and having to deal with hardships and setbacks. There were many potential sources of error both within the system of the experiment and with outside forces. Systematic errors could have stemmed from the trap design or location. The weather was a factor of random error. The weather varied across the duration of the experiment, sometimes drastically within a single week. The weather changes could have been counteracted with more frequent checking of the ...


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: EARTH AS A SYSTEM EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE   Investigation Areas: HYDROSPHERE MOSQUITOES   Primary Audience: STUDENTS TEACHERS   Student Research Reports: INTERNATIONAL VIRTUAL SCIENCE SYMPOSIUM REPORT MISSION MOSQUITO REPORT


I decided to test the impacts of fertilizer on mosquito breeding habitats. Background: I live in the Tampa Bay Area in Florida, and a major issue facing our ecosystems is fertilizer entering our waterways from runoff after people fertilize their lawns before it rains. This can lead to major algae blooms, like red tide, which are harmful to the rest of our marine organisms. Just last year, there was a particularly dangerous bloom that led to a fish kill where our waterways were littered with millions of dead fish. However, the Tampa Bay Area contains more than just marine ...


Posted in: Investigation Areas: HYDROSPHERE MOSQUITOES   Primary Audience: STUDENTS TEACHERS   Student Research Reports: INTERNATIONAL VIRTUAL SCIENCE SYMPOSIUM REPORT MISSION MOSQUITO REPORT


Have you ever wondered why NASA has chosen to follow water ? NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope has captured the distinct signature of water outside our solar system. NASA's Artemis program is examining the presence of water on the Moon in advance of sending and establishing a sustainable human presence there.  The answer is simple - water is key to life as we know it, including on planet Earth. Only 2.5% of the water on Earth is fresh, and only a tiny fraction of that is available for use. NASA and other space agencies’ remote sensing satellites provide vital information to ...


Posted in: Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion: DIVERSITY, EQUITY, AND INCLUSION   GLOBE Science Topics: EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE   Investigation Areas: HYDROSPHERE EARTH AS A SYSTEM


                                           My involvement in the Stem Enhancement in Earth Science (SEES) program started sometime around early spring 2021. The involvement was preceded by a strong recommendation from Dr. Kevin Czajkowski, PI, GLOBE Mission Earth, The University of Toledo. Indeed, to me as a member of the GLOBE International STEM Network (GISN), my participation in SEES became an opportunity to invoke the GISN mandate which includes to mentor and inspiring ...


Posted in: Curriculum: ASSESSMENT AND EVALUATION EDUCATION RESEARCH SCIENCE AND MATH TECHNOLOGY STEM   Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion: DIVERSITY, EQUITY, AND INCLUSION   Field Campaigns: WATERSHEDS SMAP SURFACE TEMPERATURE GPM   GLOBE Science Topics: EARTH AS A SYSTEM   Investigation Areas: ATMOSPHERE HYDROSPHERE PEDOSPHERE (SOIL) BIOSPHERE   Learning Activities: EARTH AS A SYSTEM   Primary Audience: PARTNERS SCIENTISTS STUDENTS


Background Remote working and remote learning presented challenges to us all. As a Master Trainer in Colombia, Juan Felipe Restrepo Mesa faced and overcame his share of challenges when working with a new group of educators from rural areas.  Most of the training material and the tests that need to be answered were in English. This, of course, means that citizen scientists who do not speak English were prevented from making their contributions living in those areas where GLOBE Observer Mosquito Habitat Mapper's contributions are essential. Juan Felipe had to set up a MEET ...


Posted in: Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion: DIVERSITY, EQUITY, AND INCLUSION   GLOBE Science Topics: EARTH AS A SYSTEM EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE   Investigation Areas: HYDROSPHERE LAND COVER CLASSIFICATION MOSQUITOES   Primary Audience: COUNTRY COORDINATORS PARTNERS SCIENTISTS TEACHERS TRAINERS


​​​​​​​ This collaborative webinar was planned and presented by three NASA Science Activation Earth science awards and the GLOBE Implementation Office. Each group shared a broad range of NASA-sponsored opportunities and resources to connect students to investigating our Earth system using NASA and GLOBE data.  The recording is available on-demand  https://www.globe.gov/web/mission-mosquito/overview/webinars/archived-webinars A list of resources shared by the presenters is available at https://bit.ly/3cwCkhz The goal is to support teachers and students to develop and ...


Posted in: Curriculum: STEM   Investigation Areas: EARTH AS A SYSTEM HYDROSPHERE ATMOSPHERE BIOSPHERE   Primary Audience: TEACHERS STUDENTS PARTNERS


You have submitted GLOBE Observer Mosquito Habitat Mapper observations, but are still unsure how to access and analyze that data?  This blog outlines the steps to download data into a spreadsheet, describes the data found in each column, and discusses what to do with the two sets of latitude and longitude data associated with each observation. Download Data First you will need to download your data using GLOBE’s Advanced Data Access Tool (ADAT) . This link also has video and text tutorials to get you started. Once you open ADAT, it prompts you to select filters, which will ...


Posted in: Investigation Areas: HYDROSPHERE   Learning Activities: EARTH AS A SYSTEM HYDROLOGY   Primary Audience: TRAINERS TEACHERS STUDENTS PARTNERS ALUMNI COUNTRY COORDINATORS   Student Research Reports: U.S. STUDENT RESEARCH SYMPOSIA (SRS) INTERNATIONAL VIRTUAL SCIENCE SYMPOSIUM REPORT MISSION MOSQUITO REPORT   Teacher's Guide: DOCUMENT TYPES RESOURCES


Grupo de profesores, organizadores, trainers y ayudantes del Taller de GLOBE en el Lago Lácar, San Martín de los Andes, Argentina English version: end of the blog Del 14 al 16 de febrero de 2019 se desarrolló el Taller del Programa GLOBE en la ciudad de San Martín de los Andes, Argentina. Este taller había sido solicitado por algunos docentes que ya conocían algunas actividades pero también se sumaron más profesores. Gracias a la colaboración de muchas personas fue posible realizarlo. Los Supervisores de Media y Técnica de la Zona Sur de la Provincia de Neuquén: ...


Posted in: Curriculum: STEM EDUCATION RESEARCH SCIENCE AND MATH TECHNOLOGY   Event Topics: WORKSHOPS   Investigation Areas: EARTH AS A SYSTEM HYDROSPHERE PEDOSPHERE (SOIL) ATMOSPHERE BIOSPHERE   Primary Audience: TEACHERS


I just updated HoloGLOBE to v1.0.2. For those of you new to this app, HoloGLOBE brings NASA and NOAA visualizations of the Earth to the palm of your hand through augmented reality (AR). You can read more about the app here: http://www.palmyracove.org/InstituteforEarthObservations/HoloGLOBE.aspx In this latest release, I have added play/pause functionality to the MyNASAData module. The MyNASAData is essentially an augmented reality version of GLOBE's Earth System Poster. In addition the new ICESat-2 module has been added. The ICESat-2 module was built by Emme Wiederhold, a ...


Posted in: Curriculum: STEM ASSESSMENT AND EVALUATION EDUCATION RESEARCH LANGUAGE CULTURE AND ARTS SCIENCE AND MATH TECHNOLOGY   Event Topics: CAMPAIGNS AND PROJECTS (IOPS, ETC) GLOBE LEARNING EXPEDITIONS OTHER SCIENCE SYMPOSIA AND FAIRS MEETINGS WORKSHOPS COMPETITIONS   Field Campaigns: SCRC - PHASE 2 SCRC FLEXE CARBON CYCLE WATERSHEDS SEASONS AND BIOMES SCUBANAUTS EL NIÑO GGIC SCRC - PHASE 1 SMAP SURFACE TEMPERATURE GPM   GLOBE Science Topics: EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE GENERAL SCIENCE GENERAL SCIENCE @ES CLIMATE CHANGE DATA INCLUDED BACKYARD SCIENCE MEETINGS/CONFERENCES CLIMATE SCIENTIST SKILLS EARTH AS A SYSTEM GLOBE PROTOCOLS   GLOBE Working Groups: EVALUATION WORKING GROUP SCIENCE WORKING GROUP EDUCATION WORKING GROUP TECHNOLOGY WORKING GROUP   Investigation Areas: BIOSPHERE ATMOSPHERE EARTH AS A SYSTEM HYDROSPHERE PEDOSPHERE (SOIL)   Learning Activities: EARTH AS A SYSTEM ATMOSPHERE AND CLIMATE LAND COVER/BIOLOGY HYDROLOGY SOIL   News Topics: VIRTUAL SCIENCE FAIR IOPS REGIONS CALENDAR SCRC RESEARCH TRAINING COMPETITIONS MEETINGS VIDEO WEB MAINTENANCE / ENHANCEMENTS   Primary Audience: PARTNERS SCIENTISTS ALUMNI COUNTRY COORDINATORS TRAINERS TEACHERS STUDENTS   Teacher's Guide: GRADE LEVELS DOCUMENT TYPES TIME REQUIREMENTS LANGUAGES STANDARDS REQUIREMENTS INVESTIGATION AREA DOCUMENTS


Learning science involves learning important concepts, conducting experiments to see first-hand how researchers discovered and confirmed some elements of science concepts, and learning how to think scientifically. With this complete approach to learning science, students are well-prepared to deal with the natural world around them and to make wise decisions when confronted with various choices. The ability to think scientifically is a valuable skill in almost all aspects of life and doing science teaches scientific habits of mind. Students can do science through research projects ...


Posted in: Curriculum: STEM SCIENCE AND MATH   GLOBE Science Topics: SCIENTIST SKILLS GENERAL SCIENCE BACKYARD SCIENCE   GLOBE Working Groups: SCIENCE WORKING GROUP   Investigation Areas: ATMOSPHERE EARTH AS A SYSTEM HYDROSPHERE PEDOSPHERE (SOIL) BIOSPHERE   News Topics: VIRTUAL SCIENCE FAIR COMPETITIONS   Primary Audience: TEACHERS STUDENTS PARTNERS COUNTRY COORDINATORS


Quaking aspens can grow in a wide range of environmental conditions. They can tolerate a wide variety of variations in climate and environmental conditions including slope, moisture, surrounding vegetation, and soil ( https://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/beauty/aspen/ecology.shtml ). I found this information with a simple web search. But, before there was access to infinite articles, websites, and papers all a click away, scientists had to figure out growth trends using data. So, before I decided to do a web search about the environmental conditions of aspen habitats (my memorized aspen ...


Posted in: Event Topics: SCIENCE SYMPOSIA AND FAIRS   GLOBE Science Topics: SCIENTIST SKILLS   Investigation Areas: EARTH AS A SYSTEM HYDROSPHERE PEDOSPHERE (SOIL) ATMOSPHERE BIOSPHERE   News Topics: VIRTUAL SCIENCE FAIR   Primary Audience: TEACHERS STUDENTS


Concerns regarding the impact of global warming on vector-borne diseases have intensified interest in the relationship between atmospheric factors and dengue fever incidence. Global climate change poses the threat of serious social upheaval, population displacement, economic hardships, and environmental degradation. Changes in temperature, rainfall and relative humidity have potential to enhance vector development, reproductive and biting rates, shorten pathogen incubation period and encourage adult longevity. In addition, changes in wind direction, velocity and frequency will have an ...


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: CLIMATE CHANGE GLOBE PROTOCOLS   Investigation Areas: HYDROSPHERE   Learning Activities: HYDROLOGY   Primary Audience: TEACHERS STUDENTS


In most scientific research an important test is whether the results of an experiment can be repeated, typically repeated by another lab and research group. A result that cannot be confirmed in this way is generally viewed as invalid. This is a great test for controlled experiments where virtually identical experimental conditions may be achieved. In Earth science research involving observations of the natural world, experimental conditions cannot be reproduced. For environmental research the standard must switch for repeatable to intercomparable – capable of being compared. ...


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: GENERAL SCIENCE EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE BACKYARD SCIENCE GLOBE PROTOCOLS   Investigation Areas: HYDROSPHERE PEDOSPHERE (SOIL) ATMOSPHERE BIOSPHERE   Primary Audience: TRAINERS TEACHERS STUDENTS SCIENTISTS ALUMNI

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