STEM Professionals' Blog


The GLOBE International STEM professionals Network (GISN) Blog is an online collaborative effort where scientists associated with GLOBE post their thoughts, comments, and philosophies about a variety of science topics.

GLOBE strongly encourages positive and productive discussions to further advance the scientific understanding of all involved with The GLOBE Program.




Dr. Caio França speaking at the Science Museum Oklahoma. Oklahoma is an ecologically diverse state in the Southern Plains region of the U.S. It is part of the central flyway for migratory birds, which makes it a sentinel location for West Nile Virus (WNV) surveillance. Why birds? Birds play a role in the WNV transmission cycle. Mosquitoes become infected with WNV when they bite an infected bird. Birds can develop high levels of the virus in their bloodstream. Because WNV is usually non-lethal in birds, birds serve as reservoir hosts. In disease ecology, there are organisms that...


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  Do you live in an  area that has dust storms?  We would like for you to photograph the dust event and submit your photos using the GLOBE Observer app. Have you already been reporting dust storms? We noticed and what to say THANK YOU! Now we want to get the word out that anyone can report dust storms with the app following the steps below.     Meet the Scientists   Daniel Tong  is a dust forecaster  with the NOAA National Air Quality Forecast Capability Program ( https://airquality.weather.gov ), and...


Posted in: Event Topics: Other GLOBE Science Topics: Climate General Science General Science @es GLOBE Protocols Earth as a System Scientist Skills GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Education Working Group Technology Working Group General News Topics: Calendar Regions Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

        You may have heard the news- there is an exciting challenge this summer for GLOBE Observer users! The challenge follows in the spirit of early cartographers, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, and you can win one of two ways. First, use GLOBE Observer to map as much land cover as possible in any GLOBE country by September 2. The top data collectors in each GLOBE region will be recognized. Or, for U.S. users, head to the Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail between Pittsburgh, PA and the Oregon Coast, and take Land Cover and Mosquito...


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Our team has received several questions about what to do when mosquitoes are found in a natural habitat, such as an estuary or a wetland.  When you use the Mosquito Habitat Mapper and your mosquito observations are finally logged, you are then prompted to do Step 4, “Eliminating Mosquito Breeding Habitat. By dumping or treating water you can significantly decrease the spread of mosquitoes.” It’s important to clarify that Step 4 is referring to artificial or natural containers and human created water impoundments. Examples of water impoundments include things such as stock and...


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I am pleased to announce that the Institute for Earth Observation’s at Palmyra Cove’s Innovation Lab is developing a virtual reality experience called Lunar Learning Expeditions that will allow visitors to explore the lunar surface. The first release models the Apollo 11 moon landing site where visitors can perform some of the early experiments as part of the Early Apollo Scientific Experiments Package (EASEP). Within virtual reality, visitors will experience a view from inside a space suit as they perform mission tasks. In-game spectator cameras will allow visitors who are waiting in line...


Posted in: Curriculum: Assessment and Evaluation Education Research Language Culture and Arts Science and Math Technology STEM GLOBE Science Topics: General Science Scientist Skills GLOBE Working Groups: Evaluation Working Group Science Working Group Education Working Group Technology Working Group Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

With the beginning of the mosquito season comes the need for protecting individuals and communities from mosquitoes. When you use the GLOBE Observer Mosquito Habitat Mapper tool, you are not only providing useful surveillance information about when and where mosquitoes are found: you also are providing an important public service known as “source reduction.”  Take a look around your home, park and school to see where you can reduce mosquito breeding in your neighborhood: Remove all unnecessary containers where water can accidentally accumulate. Make sure water in pet bowls and...


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Have you wondered how the GLOBE Clouds team at NASA Langley matches your cloud observations to satellite data? A new release titled " NASA GLOBE Clouds: Documentation on How Satellite Data is Collocated to Ground Cloud Observations " is now available from our satellite comparison page.    This document is written by the GLOBE Clouds team with support by various NASA scientists involved in the program or involved in the multitude satellites collocated or matched to your cloud observations.    Where to find the documentation? Visit our NASA GLOBE Cloud...


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Check out NASA Langley's newly released story about the recent GLOBE North American Regional Meeting, hosted at NASA Langley, that included a day of training in clouds and aerosols. https://www.nasa.gov/feature/langley/cirrius-ly-cool-science-at-nasa-langley GLOBE Participants practice using sun photometers at the GLOBE NARM at NASA Langley. Credits: NASA.


Posted in: Curriculum: Science and Math Event Topics: Meetings Workshops GLOBE Science Topics: Earth as a System General News Topics: Meetings Training Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Trainers

Grupo de profesores, organizadores, trainers y ayudantes del Taller de GLOBE en el Lago Lácar, San Martín de los Andes, Argentina English version: end of the blog Del 14 al 16 de febrero de 2019 se desarrolló el Taller del Programa GLOBE en la ciudad de San Martín de los Andes, Argentina. Este taller había sido solicitado por algunos docentes que ya conocían algunas actividades pero también se sumaron más profesores. Gracias a la colaboración de muchas personas fue posible realizarlo. Los Supervisores de Media y Técnica de la Zona Sur de la Provincia de Neuquén:...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Science and Math Technology STEM Event Topics: Workshops Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Hydrosphere Earth As a System Pedosphere (Soil) Biosphere Primary Audience: Teachers

Have app, will travel! I am reporting from the field, the campus of the University of Hawaii, Manoa (UHM). I am meeting with citizen scientists here who are collecting data using the GLOBE Observer app. I had the good fortune to meet Dr. Floyd Reed, a professor in the Department of Biology. His lab is involved in modifying strains of Culex mosquitoes so that they are unable to transmit avian (bird) malaria, a disease responsible for the ongoing extinction of many of Hawai’i’s native bird species. Dr. Reed agreed to go out and collect mosquitoes with us this morning, using the GLOBE...


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If you have used the GLOBE Observer Mosquito Habitat Mapper, you know that the app allows you to identify your larva and apply its scientific name. You may have wondered why we use these names? For instance, Aedes aegypti’s common name is the “Yellow Fever Mosquito”.  Why don’t we just use the common name when we talk about our work in this project? A unique name, used across many different languages There are many reasons why scientists use scientific names instead of common names. In the GLOBE Mission Mosquito Campaign, where people all over the world are identifying and...


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Data Data Everywhere! #1: How to get the 'T' out! You may have noticed that the time format when you retrieve data from the GLOBE web site recently changed. The new format is YYYY-MM-DD T HH:MM:SS.   We would like to show a quick and easy way to go back to the time format MM/DD/YYYY HH:MM:SS. 1) Select the column that has the time format you want to change. 2) Copy the column to a  new location  on your spreadsheet; you do not want to manipulate the original column directly, to avoid losing data. 3) Make sure there is a  blank  column...


Posted in: Investigation Areas: Atmosphere » Aerosols

GLOBE Students! The GLOBE Clouds team is hoping you are all collecting observations or downloading and analyzing clouds data for the upcoming U.S. Student Research Symposia or the International Virtual Science Symposium . If you are using data downloaded from the GLOBE site, you will see a T between the date and time of the observations (example - 2018-10-01 T 14:00:00).    We got together with Dr. Helen Amos, who put together steps on how to take the "T" out using Excel and Google sheets . The result is having a date and time that looks...


Posted in: Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) Science Symposia and Fairs Competitions GLOBE Science Topics: GLOBE Protocols Scientist Skills Meetings/Conferences General News Topics: Regions Virtual Science Fair Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Student Research Reports: Standard Research Report International Virtual Science Symposium Report U.S. Student Research Symposia (SRS)

We’ve discussed how the mosquito story is a climate story and a human story, looking at climate history and human history. Contemporary climate change is now playing a role in the expansion of vector borne disease- not only in space but also in time. How many days are mosquitoes active in your city? You can find out by using this Disease Danger Day tool:  http://www.climatecentral.org/news/us-faces-a-rise-in-mosquito-disease-danger-days-21903 . I live in Colorado, so I selected Denver, and found out that since 1970 there are now 10 more days a year on average when mosquitoes are...


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The NASA GLOBE Clouds team is looking for members of the GLOBE International STEM Network (GISN) or any researcher that would be interested in publishing research (as lead or co-author) using the GLOBE Clouds data.  We are looking for researchers that are interested in: Cryosphere that would be willing to use cloud observations over the Arctic/Antarctica. Satellite validation studies with collocated observations, particularly those collected during GLOBE Clouds Data Challenge (March 15-April 15, 2018). Natural hazards to explore...


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The NASA GLOBE Clouds team is looking for members of the GLOBE International STEM Network (GISN) or any researcher that would be interested in publishing research (as lead or co-author) using the GLOBE Clouds data.  We are looking for researchers that are interested in: Cryosphere that would be willing to use cloud observations over the Arctic/Antarctica. Satellite validation studies with collocated observations, particularly those collected during GLOBE Clouds Data Challenge (March 15-April 15, 2018). Natural hazards to explore...


Posted in: Event Topics: Other GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate Climate Change Data Included GLOBE Protocols Earth System Science GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Primary Audience: Scientists

NOTICE: REAL-TIME data on HoloGLOBE is unavailable at this time due to a lapse in appropriation as a result of the U.S. government shutdown. More info at : https://governmentshutdown.noaa.gov/


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The Urban Heat Island Effect Campaign in October was the best start to the campaign that GLOBE has ever had. 89 schools entered surface temperature data. Some schools like Huntington High School in West Virginia entered a lot of observations. Thanks Mr. Sharpe. A list of the number of observations each school took are listed below. Now that so many observations have been taken, students can do research using the data. There are lots of research questions that students can ask and then answer with this data. The students in my Weather and Climate class are looking at various questions...


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  The 2019 GLOBE International Virtual Science Symposium important dates and rubrics are now available! The GLOBE Clouds team at NASA Langley Research Center would love to see you use cloud observations in your research!  Do you need some ideas? Here are a few. Also, don't forget about the blog on how to come up with a good research question .  K-2nd grade: - What is the cloud type observed the most during Fall/Spring/Summer (choose one or a different period of time)? - Which cloud type, nimbostratus or cumulonimbus, produces the most...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Science and Math Technology STEM Event Topics: Science Symposia and Fairs GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate General Science GLOBE Protocols Earth System Science Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

CloudSat and CALIPSO were designed to complement each other in the 1990s. They launched together on the same rocket in 2006. Then they spent more than 10 years orbiting Earth in formation with a coterie of other satellites in what's known as the A-Train, or afternoon constellation.  Flying together enables the A Train satellites to gather diverse measurements of the Earth below at nearly the same time as they circle the globe pole-to-pole, crossing the equator around 1:30 p.m. local time every day. The nearly simultaneous observations allow scientists to build a more...


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Our mosquito story is a climate story. In the Early Holocene around 8200 years ago, the area that is today the Sahara Desert was much wetter and supported grassland vegetation. During the mid-Holocene, about 5000 years ago, changes in the monsoon began to dry out much of north Africa. This caused the Sahara to expand, and the yellow fever mosquito ( Aedes aegypti) was forced to retreat to areas where they could still find standing water to breed. These were also the same places where humans migrated, congregated and settled. A changing climate brought people and mosquitoes together, and...


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Whenever you submit a cloud observations, the GLOBE Clouds team at NASA Langley Research Center looks for satellites that were over your area at about the same time. The team then gathers the information from these satellites and compares them to your own observations. The result is a satellite match table that you receive through an email!    The table allows you to compare what you saw and what the satellite noted. You also have the actual satellite image at the bottom of the table! A new "How to Read a Satellite Match"  page is available for you to learn...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Science and Math Event Topics: Science Symposia and Fairs GLOBE Science Topics: General Science GLOBE Protocols Scientist Skills General News Topics: Virtual Science Fair Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Primary Audience: Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

It’s that time of the year again! In the Northern Hemisphere, the chlorophyll in leaves are breaking down causing the green in leaves to disappear and allowing for orange and yellow colors to become visible. At GLOBE, we call this process Green-Down , and if you have not started collecting your Green-Down data yet, it's not too late*! *If you are in the U.S., you can track the annual progressive changing of the leaves with this Fall Foliage Prediction Map from Smokey Mountains. ( https://smokymountains.com/fall-foliage-map/ ) The GLOBE Plant Color Guide ...


Posted in: Investigation Areas: Biosphere » Green-Up / Green-Down Primary Audience: Teachers

Welcome Message from Dr. Russanne Low, GLOBE Mission Mosquito Science Lead   Welcome to the GLOBE Mission Mosquito Scientists’ Blog. This is the space on the campaign site where student scientists, citizen scientists of all ages, and full-time researchers discuss and explore how changing weather, extreme weather events, land cover modification, insect ecology, and even human behavior influence the numbers, range, and distribution of mosquitoes we see on the landscape.  The scientists you meet in this blog are interested in a wide variety of questions. We invite you to...


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It is here! The Urban Heat Island Effect/Surface Temperature Campaign for 2018-2019 will start October 1. I am so excited to be kicking off a new campaign. There are so many more schools and students participating that it is very exciting. The Urban Heat Island is a very current and timely research topic to study. This past summer there were heat waves in Japan, the United Kingdom and Europe as well as parts of the United States. Heat waves are now the natural disasters causing the most deaths in the United States. Urban Heat Island Effect makes cities even warmer than surrounding areas...


Posted in: Field Campaigns: Surface Temperature

Clouds are amazing to observe and always seem to capture the attention of all, from little ones to the young at heart. The GLOBE Clouds team would like to help all of those that would be interested in doing research with clouds. A good research question is always tricky so here are some tips and ideas to get you started! What is a good research question? It is not always easy to come up with a research question, but GLOBE has a good checklist to help you out! You can even assign points and see how many points does your question total as a good research question. A...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Science and Math STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) Science Symposia and Fairs GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate Data Included General Science GLOBE Protocols Scientist Skills General News Topics: Virtual Science Fair Investigation Areas: Atmosphere » Clouds Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Primary Audience: Alumni Partners Students Teachers Trainers Teacher's Guide: Grade Level Investigation Area Documents

Here is the recording of my 3-minute lightening talk at the Google Earth Engine User Summit 2018 meeting. "Planetary Education: Google Earth Engine + The GLOBE Program" Read more about this event here: https://medium.com/google-earth/2018-earth-engine-user-summit-recap-4da4665d5ee8 I invite students, teachers, and partners to add a comment below if you would like to explore how to use GLOBE data with this powerful remote sensing tool.


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: General Science Scientist Skills General News Topics: Video Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

In GLOBE, there are two major perspectives on the global environment – the spheres and the Earth system. The Teacher’s Guide and the new sphere pages build on the approach that examines Earth as the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and pedosphere. The study of Earth System Science focuses on the cycles that connect the spheres – the Energy, Water, and Biogeochemical. The Honor Roll provides recognition of those who report in depth in one area or another. There are three honor rolls recognizing Atmosphere measurement reporting; one for Hydrosphere;, and two each for Biosphere and...


Posted in: Curriculum: Science and Math Field Campaigns: Carbon Cycle SMAP El Niño Surface Temperature GPM GLOBE Science Topics: Earth as a System Earth System Science

I just updated HoloGLOBE to v1.0.2. For those of you new to this app, HoloGLOBE brings NASA and NOAA visualizations of the Earth to the palm of your hand through augmented reality (AR). You can read more about the app here: http://www.palmyracove.org/InstituteforEarthObservations/HoloGLOBE.aspx In this latest release, I have added play/pause functionality to the MyNASAData module. The MyNASAData is essentially an augmented reality version of GLOBE's Earth System Poster. In addition the new ICESat-2 module has been added. The ICESat-2 module was built by Emme Wiederhold, a student...


Posted in: Curriculum: Assessment and Evaluation Education Research Language Culture and Arts Science and Math Technology STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) GLOBE Learning Expeditions Other Science Symposia and Fairs Competitions Meetings Workshops Field Campaigns: FLEXE SCRC SCUBAnauts Seasons and Biomes Watersheds Carbon Cycle GGIC SCRC - Phase 1 SCRC - Phase 2 SMAP El Niño Surface Temperature GPM GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate Climate Change Data Included General Science General Science @es GLOBE Protocols Earth as a System Earth System Science Scientist Skills Meetings/Conferences GLOBE Working Groups: Evaluation Working Group Science Working Group Education Working Group Technology Working Group General News Topics: Competitions Meetings Video Web Maintenance / Enhancements Calendar IOPs Regions SCRC Research Training Virtual Science Fair Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Hydrosphere Earth As a System Pedosphere (Soil) Biosphere Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Earth as a System Hydrology Land Cover/Biology Soil Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers Teacher's Guide: Time Requirement Standards Requirement Grade Level Protocol Specific Documents Language Investigation Area Documents

HoloGLOBE is now available on the Apple App Store:  https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/hologlobe/id1411588929?ls=1&mt=8 Please send me comments and suggestions. And of course SPREAD THE WORD!!! I will use this Blog to announce issues, changes,  and upcoming features to the app.                      


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