STEM Professionals' Blog


The GLOBE International STEM professionals Network (GISN) Blog is an online collaborative effort where scientists associated with GLOBE post their thoughts, comments, and philosophies about a variety of science topics.

GLOBE strongly encourages positive and productive discussions to further advance the scientific understanding of all involved with The GLOBE Program.




Guest Scientist Blog by Kayla M. Thomas, McNair Scholar, Southern Nazarene University Oklahoma has experienced three major outbreaks of West Nile Virus (WNV) since its local introduction in 2002. State and local health agencies provide surveillance of mosquito-borne diseases although reduced resources and personnel limits its scope. With the addition of citizen scientists from the greater Oklahoma City, I was able to analyze ongoing mosquito observations by using NASA’s GLOBE Observer mobile app during the 2019 mosquito season. Citizen scientist participation studies have...


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Guest Scientist Blog by Kenan Arica, NASA JPL Summer Intern Mosquitoes are vectors for diseases such as malaria, dengue, Zika, Rift Valley fever, West Nile virus, chikungunya and other diseases. Unfortunately, climate change is expected to make the spread of mosquito-borne diseases worse. This summer, I did some exploratory research to see if we could combine the power of GLOBE citizen science data and social media to learn about where mosquitoes are found.     This summer I worked with the GLOBE Observer Mosquito Habitat Mapper (MHM) data. To ensure we get the...


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Guest Scientist Blog by Jacqueline Castellanos, NASA JPL Summer Intern My summer internship at NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory exposed me to all parts of the scientific process. I went on a hike in search of mosquitoes, collected data, and I had the opportunity to teach teachers how to use the GLOBE Observer Mosquito Habitat Mapper. In my analysis, I learned how to work with data of varying quality and saw how environmental factors affect mosquito abundance. Most importantly, I learned that data given context and explored in meaningful ways can help us understand the problems we...


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In the GLOBE Clouds protocol and GLOBE Observer app, you can report if your sky is “overcast” or “obscured”. But what’s the difference? Below are some tips to help! All the photographs featured were collected by observers just like you - Thank you! I found “obscured” and “overcast” very confusing at first, but when I understood what they meant, things made much more sense. Let’s start by defining them: Overcast – The sky is completely covered by clouds (cloud cover greater than 90%). This means that you will see little or no blue sky. When it’s overcast, you are looking at...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Science and Math Technology STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) GLOBE Learning Expeditions Other GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate Climate Change General Science General Science @es GLOBE Protocols Earth as a System Earth System Science Scientist Skills GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Education Working Group Technology Working Group General News Topics: Competitions Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Earth As a System Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Earth as a System Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

NASA GLOBE Clouds team with summer intern (from left to right: Tina Rogerson, Kevin Ivey, Marilé Colón Robles. The NASA GLOBE Clouds team has been delighted to have recent high school graduate Kevin Ivey this summer as our intern through NASA's Internships and Fellowships program [ link ]. Read about his experience this summer as he tackled big data!     I’m Kevin Ivey and I’ve been interning with NASA GLOBE Clouds at NASA Langley Research Center this summer. I graduated high school in June and I’ll be a first-year at the University of Virginia this fall...


Posted in: Curriculum: Assessment and Evaluation Education Research Language Culture and Arts Science and Math Technology STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) GLOBE Science Topics: Climate General Science Scientist Skills GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Education Working Group Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Earth as a System Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

  ¿Vives en un área que tiene tormentas de polvo atmosférico? Nos gustaría que fotografíes el evento y envíes tus fotos usando el app GLOBE Observer. ¿Ya has estado enviando datos sobre tormentas de polvo atmosférico? ¡MUCHAS GRACIAS! Ahora queremos que todos sepan que pueden enviar datos sobre estas tormentas con GLOBE Observer usando los siguientes pasos.   Conoce a los científicos Daniel Tong es un pronosticador de polvo atmosférico con el Programa Nacional de Capacidades de Pronóstico de Calidad del Aire de la NOAA y el Equipo de Ciencias...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Science and Math STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) GLOBE Science Topics: Climate Data Included General Science General Science @es GLOBE Protocols Earth as a System Earth System Science Scientist Skills GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Education Working Group Technology Working Group General News Topics: Regions Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Earth As a System Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers Teacher's Guide: Investigation Area Documents

      Left: SEES Mosquito Mapper intern Maia W. in the field, sampling a mosquito larvae habitat on a construction site in her hometown. Right: GLOBE Observer Land Cover observations collected alongside mosquito habitat identifications provide important data for analysis. Photo credit: Author. As part of our field research, SEES interns identify local potential mosquito breeding habitats. As I live in an area that is cold and rainy most of the year, I did not anticipate finding any larvae, and when I did find some, it was not in the area I expected....


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# 19 August 2019 Prepared by Helen Amos, helen.m.amos@nasa.gov   How to Download Dust Observations Reported through GLOBE Dust event on 10 July 2019. Photo credit: GLOBE                             Citizen scientists from around the world have been reporting dust events using the  NASA GLOBE Observer app . You can learn about  how to get involved  here. This blog offers step-by-step instructions on how to download GLOBE dust...


Posted in: Curriculum: Science and Math Technology STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate Data Included General Science GLOBE Protocols Earth System Science Scientist Skills GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Education Working Group General News Topics: Competitions Training Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Earth As a System Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Earth as a System Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers Teacher's Guide: Investigation Area Documents

SEES Mosquito Mapper intern Lindsay W. in the field, sampling a mosquito larvae habitat site in her study area. Photo credit: Author. California has recently emerged from a multi-year drought, but I live at the edge of a town in the chaparral where water is typically scarce. I often travel miles by car to find potential mosquito habitats, only to find no larvae in those water sources. I eventually contacted Vector Control in hopes that they could direct me to potential breeding sites, and they sent me a few locations. As of yet, most sites I’ve visited have had water and no...


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       Left: example larva of the genus Toxorhynchites recovered from one of the author's research traps. Right: Larval specimen of prey, Culex quinquefasciatus, for comparison. Toxorhynchites are predator larvae  and easily recognized by their unique morphology and larger size. Photo credit: Author. Toxorhynchites is part of the mosquito family (Culicidae), also known as the “elephant mosquito” and “mosquito eater” and for good reason!  These formidable larvae use their mandibles to prey on the larvae of other mosquitoes inhabiting the...


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SEES Mosquito Mapper intern Parker L. in his lab, identifying a specimen recovered from one of his mosquito research traps. Photo credit: Author. I am fascinated at how effectively Aedes albopictus has expanded beyond its historical geographical origins in Asia, sticking its proboscis into Texas along with every continent across the globe except Antarctica.  This invasive mosquito, which serves as a vector for dengue and chikungunya, has been enormously successful in utilizing alternative breeding containers to supplement its natural oviposition sites.  In fact, it is...


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SEES Mosquito Mapper intern Thien-Nha T. in the field, documenting potential larvae habitat sites. Photo credit: Author. Before this project, I never ever imagined I would be interested in studying any type of bugs, much less mosquitoes -- my itch-causing nemesis. However, the more I realized how interconnected these bugs are with the rest of the world and even my own life, the more I saw their importance. My field experiment was designed to figure out what vegetation and color surrounding would attract the most mosquitoes. The structure and goal of the experiment were...


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SEES Mosquito Mapper intern in the field, setting mosquito traps. Photo credit: Clara U. Something that has fascinated me in the research I have done so far is the vast impact that human activity has on the distribution of mosquito communities. Globalization and human travel are thought to be responsible for introducing many mosquito-borne diseases to unlikely areas, for example, spreading the Culex tarsalis , a vector of western equine encephalitis, to Washington State. Artificial habitats that foster mosquito breeding can develop in abandoned tires, plastic containers, and...


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Do you live in an area that has dust storms? The Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment Program (GLOBE) team would like you to photograph dust events in your area and submit your photos using the  GLOBE Observer app .   Join NASA GLOBE Clouds Project Scientist, Marilé Colón Robles, to learn more about how to collect your observations and educational resources you can use with formal and informal audiences. Your observations will be used by scientists to verify satellite observations and see if their models have successfully predicted these...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Science and Math Technology Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate Climate Change Data Included General Science GLOBE Protocols Earth as a System Scientist Skills GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Education Working Group General News Topics: Calendar Training Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Pedosphere (Soil) Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Soil Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers Teacher's Guide: Grade Level Investigation Area Documents

Dr. Caio França speaking at the Science Museum Oklahoma. Oklahoma is an ecologically diverse state in the Southern Plains region of the U.S. It is part of the central flyway for migratory birds, which makes it a sentinel location for West Nile Virus (WNV) surveillance. Why birds? Birds play a role in the WNV transmission cycle. Mosquitoes become infected with WNV when they bite an infected bird. Birds can develop high levels of the virus in their bloodstream. Because WNV is usually non-lethal in birds, birds serve as reservoir hosts. In disease ecology, there are organisms that...


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  Do you live in an  area that has dust storms?  We would like for you to photograph the dust event and submit your photos using the GLOBE Observer app. Have you already been reporting dust storms? We noticed and what to say THANK YOU! Now we want to get the word out that anyone can report dust storms with the app following the steps below.   Watch the recorded webinar on how to submit your observations using the NASA GLOBE Observer app and learn about educational resources you can use in your classroom or in an informal setting...


Posted in: Event Topics: Other GLOBE Science Topics: Climate General Science General Science @es GLOBE Protocols Earth as a System Scientist Skills GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Education Working Group Technology Working Group General News Topics: Calendar Regions Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

        You may have heard the news- there is an exciting challenge this summer for GLOBE Observer users! The challenge follows in the spirit of early cartographers, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, and you can win one of two ways. First, use GLOBE Observer to map as much land cover as possible in any GLOBE country by September 2. The top data collectors in each GLOBE region will be recognized. Or, for U.S. users, head to the Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail between Pittsburgh, PA and the Oregon Coast, and take Land Cover and Mosquito...


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Our team has received several questions about what to do when mosquitoes are found in a natural habitat, such as an estuary or a wetland.  When you use the Mosquito Habitat Mapper and your mosquito observations are finally logged, you are then prompted to do Step 4, “Eliminating Mosquito Breeding Habitat. By dumping or treating water you can significantly decrease the spread of mosquitoes.” It’s important to clarify that Step 4 is referring to artificial or natural containers and human created water impoundments. Examples of water impoundments include things such as stock and...


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I am pleased to announce that the Institute for Earth Observation’s at Palmyra Cove’s Innovation Lab is developing a virtual reality experience called Lunar Learning Expeditions that will allow visitors to explore the lunar surface. The first release models the Apollo 11 moon landing site where visitors can perform some of the early experiments as part of the Early Apollo Scientific Experiments Package (EASEP). Within virtual reality, visitors will experience a view from inside a space suit as they perform mission tasks. In-game spectator cameras will allow visitors who are waiting in line...


Posted in: Curriculum: Assessment and Evaluation Education Research Language Culture and Arts Science and Math Technology STEM GLOBE Science Topics: General Science Scientist Skills GLOBE Working Groups: Evaluation Working Group Science Working Group Education Working Group Technology Working Group Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

With the beginning of the mosquito season comes the need for protecting individuals and communities from mosquitoes. When you use the GLOBE Observer Mosquito Habitat Mapper tool, you are not only providing useful surveillance information about when and where mosquitoes are found: you also are providing an important public service known as “source reduction.”  Take a look around your home, park and school to see where you can reduce mosquito breeding in your neighborhood: Remove all unnecessary containers where water can accidentally accumulate. Make sure water in pet bowls and...


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Have you wondered how the GLOBE Clouds team at NASA Langley matches your cloud observations to satellite data? A new release titled " NASA GLOBE Clouds: Documentation on How Satellite Data is Collocated to Ground Cloud Observations " is now available from our satellite comparison page.    This document is written by the GLOBE Clouds team with support by various NASA scientists involved in the program or involved in the multitude satellites collocated or matched to your cloud observations.    Where to find the documentation? Visit our NASA GLOBE Cloud...


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Check out NASA Langley's newly released story about the recent GLOBE North American Regional Meeting, hosted at NASA Langley, that included a day of training in clouds and aerosols. https://www.nasa.gov/feature/langley/cirrius-ly-cool-science-at-nasa-langley GLOBE Participants practice using sun photometers at the GLOBE NARM at NASA Langley. Credits: NASA.


Posted in: Curriculum: Science and Math Event Topics: Meetings Workshops GLOBE Science Topics: Earth as a System General News Topics: Meetings Training Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Trainers

Grupo de profesores, organizadores, trainers y ayudantes del Taller de GLOBE en el Lago Lácar, San Martín de los Andes, Argentina English version: end of the blog Del 14 al 16 de febrero de 2019 se desarrolló el Taller del Programa GLOBE en la ciudad de San Martín de los Andes, Argentina. Este taller había sido solicitado por algunos docentes que ya conocían algunas actividades pero también se sumaron más profesores. Gracias a la colaboración de muchas personas fue posible realizarlo. Los Supervisores de Media y Técnica de la Zona Sur de la Provincia de Neuquén:...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Science and Math Technology STEM Event Topics: Workshops Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Hydrosphere Earth As a System Pedosphere (Soil) Biosphere Primary Audience: Teachers

Have app, will travel! I am reporting from the field, the campus of the University of Hawaii, Manoa (UHM). I am meeting with citizen scientists here who are collecting data using the GLOBE Observer app. I had the good fortune to meet Dr. Floyd Reed, a professor in the Department of Biology. His lab is involved in modifying strains of Culex mosquitoes so that they are unable to transmit avian (bird) malaria, a disease responsible for the ongoing extinction of many of Hawai’i’s native bird species. Dr. Reed agreed to go out and collect mosquitoes with us this morning, using the GLOBE...


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If you have used the GLOBE Observer Mosquito Habitat Mapper, you know that the app allows you to identify your larva and apply its scientific name. You may have wondered why we use these names? For instance, Aedes aegypti’s common name is the “Yellow Fever Mosquito”.  Why don’t we just use the common name when we talk about our work in this project? A unique name, used across many different languages There are many reasons why scientists use scientific names instead of common names. In the GLOBE Mission Mosquito Campaign, where people all over the world are identifying and...


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Data Data Everywhere! #1: How to get the 'T' out! You may have noticed that the time format when you retrieve data from the GLOBE web site recently changed. The new format is YYYY-MM-DD T HH:MM:SS.   We would like to show a quick and easy way to go back to the time format MM/DD/YYYY HH:MM:SS. 1) Select the column that has the time format you want to change. 2) Copy the column to a  new location  on your spreadsheet; you do not want to manipulate the original column directly, to avoid losing data. 3) Make sure there is a  blank  column...


Posted in: Investigation Areas: Atmosphere » Aerosols

GLOBE Students! The GLOBE Clouds team is hoping you are all collecting observations or downloading and analyzing clouds data for the upcoming U.S. Student Research Symposia or the International Virtual Science Symposium . If you are using data downloaded from the GLOBE site, you will see a T between the date and time of the observations (example - 2018-10-01 T 14:00:00).    We got together with Dr. Helen Amos, who put together steps on how to take the "T" out using Excel and Google sheets . The result is having a date and time that looks...


Posted in: Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) Science Symposia and Fairs Competitions GLOBE Science Topics: GLOBE Protocols Scientist Skills Meetings/Conferences General News Topics: Regions Virtual Science Fair Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Student Research Reports: Standard Research Report International Virtual Science Symposium Report U.S. Student Research Symposia (SRS)

We’ve discussed how the mosquito story is a climate story and a human story, looking at climate history and human history. Contemporary climate change is now playing a role in the expansion of vector borne disease- not only in space but also in time. How many days are mosquitoes active in your city? You can find out by using this Disease Danger Day tool:  http://www.climatecentral.org/news/us-faces-a-rise-in-mosquito-disease-danger-days-21903 . I live in Colorado, so I selected Denver, and found out that since 1970 there are now 10 more days a year on average when mosquitoes are...


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The NASA GLOBE Clouds team is looking for members of the GLOBE International STEM Network (GISN) or any researcher that would be interested in publishing research (as lead or co-author) using the GLOBE Clouds data.  We are looking for researchers that are interested in: Cryosphere that would be willing to use cloud observations over the Arctic/Antarctica. Satellite validation studies with collocated observations, particularly those collected during GLOBE Clouds Data Challenge (March 15-April 15, 2018). Natural hazards to explore...


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The NASA GLOBE Clouds team is looking for members of the GLOBE International STEM Network (GISN) or any researcher that would be interested in publishing research (as lead or co-author) using the GLOBE Clouds data.  We are looking for researchers that are interested in: Cryosphere that would be willing to use cloud observations over the Arctic/Antarctica. Satellite validation studies with collocated observations, particularly those collected during GLOBE Clouds Data Challenge (March 15-April 15, 2018). Natural hazards to explore...


Posted in: Event Topics: Other GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate Climate Change Data Included GLOBE Protocols Earth System Science GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Primary Audience: Scientists

NOTICE: REAL-TIME data on HoloGLOBE is unavailable at this time due to a lapse in appropriation as a result of the U.S. government shutdown. More info at : https://governmentshutdown.noaa.gov/


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The Urban Heat Island Effect Campaign in October was the best start to the campaign that GLOBE has ever had. 89 schools entered surface temperature data. Some schools like Huntington High School in West Virginia entered a lot of observations. Thanks Mr. Sharpe. A list of the number of observations each school took are listed below. Now that so many observations have been taken, students can do research using the data. There are lots of research questions that students can ask and then answer with this data. The students in my Weather and Climate class are looking at various questions...


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  The 2019 GLOBE International Virtual Science Symposium important dates and rubrics are now available! The GLOBE Clouds team at NASA Langley Research Center would love to see you use cloud observations in your research!  Do you need some ideas? Here are a few. Also, don't forget about the blog on how to come up with a good research question .  K-2nd grade: - What is the cloud type observed the most during Fall/Spring/Summer (choose one or a different period of time)? - Which cloud type, nimbostratus or cumulonimbus, produces the most...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Science and Math Technology STEM Event Topics: Science Symposia and Fairs GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate General Science GLOBE Protocols Earth System Science Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

CloudSat and CALIPSO were designed to complement each other in the 1990s. They launched together on the same rocket in 2006. Then they spent more than 10 years orbiting Earth in formation with a coterie of other satellites in what's known as the A-Train, or afternoon constellation.  Flying together enables the A Train satellites to gather diverse measurements of the Earth below at nearly the same time as they circle the globe pole-to-pole, crossing the equator around 1:30 p.m. local time every day. The nearly simultaneous observations allow scientists to build a more...


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Our mosquito story is a climate story. In the Early Holocene around 8200 years ago, the area that is today the Sahara Desert was much wetter and supported grassland vegetation. During the mid-Holocene, about 5000 years ago, changes in the monsoon began to dry out much of north Africa. This caused the Sahara to expand, and the yellow fever mosquito ( Aedes aegypti) was forced to retreat to areas where they could still find standing water to breed. These were also the same places where humans migrated, congregated and settled. A changing climate brought people and mosquitoes together, and...


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Whenever you submit a cloud observations, the GLOBE Clouds team at NASA Langley Research Center looks for satellites that were over your area at about the same time. The team then gathers the information from these satellites and compares them to your own observations. The result is a satellite match table that you receive through an email!    The table allows you to compare what you saw and what the satellite noted. You also have the actual satellite image at the bottom of the table! A new "How to Read a Satellite Match"  page is available for you to learn...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Science and Math Event Topics: Science Symposia and Fairs GLOBE Science Topics: General Science GLOBE Protocols Scientist Skills General News Topics: Virtual Science Fair Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Primary Audience: Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

It’s that time of the year again! In the Northern Hemisphere, the chlorophyll in leaves are breaking down causing the green in leaves to disappear and allowing for orange and yellow colors to become visible. At GLOBE, we call this process Green-Down , and if you have not started collecting your Green-Down data yet, it's not too late*! *If you are in the U.S., you can track the annual progressive changing of the leaves with this Fall Foliage Prediction Map from Smokey Mountains. ( https://smokymountains.com/fall-foliage-map/ ) The GLOBE Plant Color Guide ...


Posted in: Investigation Areas: Biosphere » Green-Up / Green-Down Primary Audience: Teachers

Welcome Message from Dr. Russanne Low, GLOBE Mission Mosquito Science Lead   Welcome to the GLOBE Mission Mosquito Scientists’ Blog. This is the space on the campaign site where student scientists, citizen scientists of all ages, and full-time researchers discuss and explore how changing weather, extreme weather events, land cover modification, insect ecology, and even human behavior influence the numbers, range, and distribution of mosquitoes we see on the landscape.  The scientists you meet in this blog are interested in a wide variety of questions. We invite you to...


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It is here! The Urban Heat Island Effect/Surface Temperature Campaign for 2018-2019 will start October 1. I am so excited to be kicking off a new campaign. There are so many more schools and students participating that it is very exciting. The Urban Heat Island is a very current and timely research topic to study. This past summer there were heat waves in Japan, the United Kingdom and Europe as well as parts of the United States. Heat waves are now the natural disasters causing the most deaths in the United States. Urban Heat Island Effect makes cities even warmer than surrounding areas...


Posted in: Field Campaigns: Surface Temperature

Clouds are amazing to observe and always seem to capture the attention of all, from little ones to the young at heart. The GLOBE Clouds team would like to help all of those that would be interested in doing research with clouds. A good research question is always tricky so here are some tips and ideas to get you started! What is a good research question? It is not always easy to come up with a research question, but GLOBE has a good checklist to help you out! You can even assign points and see how many points does your question total as a good research question. A...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Science and Math STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) Science Symposia and Fairs GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate Data Included General Science GLOBE Protocols Scientist Skills General News Topics: Virtual Science Fair Investigation Areas: Atmosphere » Clouds Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Primary Audience: Alumni Partners Students Teachers Trainers Teacher's Guide: Grade Level Investigation Area Documents

Here is the recording of my 3-minute lightening talk at the Google Earth Engine User Summit 2018 meeting. "Planetary Education: Google Earth Engine + The GLOBE Program" Read more about this event here: https://medium.com/google-earth/2018-earth-engine-user-summit-recap-4da4665d5ee8 I invite students, teachers, and partners to add a comment below if you would like to explore how to use GLOBE data with this powerful remote sensing tool.


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: General Science Scientist Skills General News Topics: Video Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

In GLOBE, there are two major perspectives on the global environment – the spheres and the Earth system. The Teacher’s Guide and the new sphere pages build on the approach that examines Earth as the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and pedosphere. The study of Earth System Science focuses on the cycles that connect the spheres – the Energy, Water, and Biogeochemical. The Honor Roll provides recognition of those who report in depth in one area or another. There are three honor rolls recognizing Atmosphere measurement reporting; one for Hydrosphere;, and two each for Biosphere and...


Posted in: Curriculum: Science and Math Field Campaigns: Carbon Cycle SMAP El Niño Surface Temperature GPM GLOBE Science Topics: Earth as a System Earth System Science

I just updated HoloGLOBE to v1.0.2. For those of you new to this app, HoloGLOBE brings NASA and NOAA visualizations of the Earth to the palm of your hand through augmented reality (AR). You can read more about the app here: http://www.palmyracove.org/InstituteforEarthObservations/HoloGLOBE.aspx In this latest release, I have added play/pause functionality to the MyNASAData module. The MyNASAData is essentially an augmented reality version of GLOBE's Earth System Poster. In addition the new ICESat-2 module has been added. The ICESat-2 module was built by Emme Wiederhold, a student...


Posted in: Curriculum: Assessment and Evaluation Education Research Language Culture and Arts Science and Math Technology STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) GLOBE Learning Expeditions Other Science Symposia and Fairs Competitions Meetings Workshops Field Campaigns: FLEXE SCRC SCUBAnauts Seasons and Biomes Watersheds Carbon Cycle GGIC SCRC - Phase 1 SCRC - Phase 2 SMAP El Niño Surface Temperature GPM GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate Climate Change Data Included General Science General Science @es GLOBE Protocols Earth as a System Earth System Science Scientist Skills Meetings/Conferences GLOBE Working Groups: Evaluation Working Group Science Working Group Education Working Group Technology Working Group General News Topics: Competitions Meetings Video Web Maintenance / Enhancements Calendar IOPs Regions SCRC Research Training Virtual Science Fair Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Hydrosphere Earth As a System Pedosphere (Soil) Biosphere Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Earth as a System Hydrology Land Cover/Biology Soil Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers Teacher's Guide: Time Requirement Standards Requirement Grade Level Protocol Specific Documents Language Investigation Area Documents

HoloGLOBE is now available on the Apple App Store:  https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/hologlobe/id1411588929?ls=1&mt=8 Please send me comments and suggestions. And of course SPREAD THE WORD!!! I will use this Blog to announce issues, changes,  and upcoming features to the app.                      


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The UND GLOBE 2018 Summer Training Workshop was scheduled for 30-31 July 2018.  Unfortunately the enrollment was not high enough so it was cancelled.   Attached is the postcard we used to advertise our GLOBE Workshop at our local Science Teacher's Association Conference. Next year, we plan to obtain a table at the conference and offer Elementary GLOBE books/binders for sale (at cost) in order to better advertise GLOBE and hopefully have more teachers want to attend our workshop.


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Wow....what an experience the 2018 GLOBE Learning Expedition (GLE) in Killarney was!  GLOBE meetings are always intense and GLEs are even more so.  Such was the case at my first GLE in India in 2014 and 2018 in Ireland proved no exception.  However, this particular GLE was very special to me on many levels.  This was the second GLE that I attended and marked over 5 years in my time as director of the GLOBE Office at UCAR.  However, and more important, the location was my home town, and the Killarney National Park that was the backdrop for the GLE and that we used...


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The GLOBE Observer app (available for iPhones and Android devices) is a new, step-by-step way to submit cloud observations to NASA. Use your GLOBE sign-in information to sync your observations with your GLOBE data entry.  Here are some simple tips and tricks on how to better identify clouds while using the app. Your latitude, longitude, and time of day with be filled in automatically by the app!   1. What does your sky look like? Is your sky completely clear with no contrails? Are there clouds or is the sky obscured that it makes it difficult to make any...


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Investigation Areas: Atmosphere » Clouds Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate » Estimating Cloud Cover Atmosphere and Climate » Observing Visibility and Sky Color Atmosphere and Climate » Observing, Describing, and Identifying Clouds Teacher's Guide: Grade Level » Lower Primary: K-2 Grade Level » Middle: 6-8 Grade Level » Secondary: 9-12 Grade Level » Upper Primary: 3-5

Hi, every one, you remember that fall where Tony got rescued long ago in his youth? Well we were there and the place is so beautiful and inviting. No wonder the lad had to take a risk and climb it without ropes. It was nice place and the student field task there was exciting. But please take note if you are going to be at the Lower Toc, getting wet is very normal, and not shorts for your sake. Francis


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This week we are very excited to highlight the work of Ms. Jillian Anderson and her high school students at the Lexington School for the Deaf, in Queens, NY. Ever since they joined the U.S. GLOBE Air Quality Student Research Campaign, they have been going outside to make observations of the atmosphere every day! The students have been submitting both Clouds and Aerosol Optical Thickness observations and we want to thank them for their valuable contribution to science.   We encourage them to keep up their great work and we invite other schools to continue...


Posted in: Curriculum: STEM GLOBE Science Topics: GLOBE Protocols Scientist Skills GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Investigation Areas: Atmosphere » Aerosols Primary Audience: Partners Scientists Students Teachers

We would like to share with you some tips on how to keep your Calitoo instrument up and running: Keep your instrument indoors until the time of measurement. The instrument detector is sensitive to temperature and performs best near room temperature (~70F or ~21C). Don’t let your instrument overheat. Also don’t make measurements in extreme cold unless instrument is insulated from cold. Don’t forget to TURN OFF your instrument after you’re done measuring! To turn off, press the button for a few seconds until the screen reads: “ Stop in progress ”. When batteries start going...


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This has been a great year for the Urban Heat Island/Surface Temperature Student Research Campaign. More schools and more students have participated than ever before. I posted a 7 minute "Thank You" video here on https://youtu.be/QPfmAbMrwE4 Youtube. Urban Heat Island is a growing issue worldwide. More than 50% of the population of the world lives in urban areas. Much of this growth has been in developing. I went to research presentations about UHI at the American Association of Geography (AAG) meeting in New Orleans this week. There were many talks about UHI and using satellite imagery...


Posted in: Field Campaigns: Surface Temperature

Eight-grade students from Our Lady of Mount Carmel School have been very active during our GLOBE 2017-18 U.S. Air Quality Student Research Campaign. In fact, they recently submitted their team projects to the GLOBE 2018 International Virtual Science Symposium. All students have done remarkable work and one of the most important skills they have developed is collaboration. Among these students, one of them stood out for becoming a Calitoo expert user and for helping not only the members of her own team, but also the members of all other teams, with her accurate AOT measurements. This...


Posted in: Curriculum: Science and Math STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) GLOBE Science Topics: General Science GLOBE Protocols Earth System Science GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Investigation Areas: Atmosphere » Aerosols Primary Audience: Partners Students Teachers

The GLOBE Clouds team got to celebrate World Meteorological Day with the Secretary-General of the World Meteorological Organization, Dr. Petteri Taalas through a Facebook live filmed live from NASA Langley Research Center in Hampton, VA.    Join the celebration by watching the recorded Facebook live below.     View event on Facebook at - https://www.facebook.com/nasaearth/videos/10156418942207139/


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Science and Math STEM Event Topics: Other GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science General Science Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

    Today we will get a closer at look at the values displayed on our Calitoo screen. When you first turn on your Calitoo, you will get a screen like the following: note the serial number of your instrument will be displayed.                After the initial screen, your instrument will display basic information as shown on the following picture (Source: http://www.calitoo.fr/uploads/documents/en/usermanual_2016_en.pdf ) TIP: The temperature displayed by your Calitoo is actually the temperature ...


Posted in: Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) Science Symposia and Fairs GLOBE Science Topics: GLOBE Protocols Earth System Science GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group General News Topics: Virtual Science Fair Investigation Areas: Atmosphere » Aerosols Primary Audience: Partners Students Teachers Trainers

Bill Smith, left, along with Kris Bedka. The NASA GLOBE Clouds team is excited to share with you this recent news article about two NASA scientists that help match your observations with satellite data - Bill Smith and Kris Bedka. They, along with Louis Nguyen lead SatCORPS, at team at NASA Langley Research Center that use expertise in clouds to make better weather predictions.  Read more about their work at  https://www.nasa.gov/feature/langley/how-cloud-data-is-improving-weather-forecasts    


Posted in: Curriculum: Science and Math Technology STEM Event Topics: Other GLOBE Science Topics: Climate General Science GLOBE Protocols Earth as a System Scientist Skills Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

We are excited to have such a response to the NASA GLOBE Clouds: Spring Cloud Observations Data Challenge .  Remember, top observers will be congratulated by a NASA scientist! Click here to learn more about the challenge.  Are you wondering about the clouds you are reporting and the type of weather you might experience in your area? Here is a guide to how cloud types are related to weather!  The information below was taken from the NOAA's SciJinks webpage -  https://scijinks.gov/clouds/   


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Science and Math STEM Event Topics: Competitions GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science General Science GLOBE Protocols Scientist Skills General News Topics: Competitions Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

It’s almost spring, the time of year when the looming change in seasons could lead to some pretty fascinating cloud activity in the sky. NASA and  the GLOBE Program  are asking for your help by taking part in a citizen science cloud observation challenge. From March 15 through April 15, citizen scientists of all ages can make up to 10 cloud observations per day using the  GLOBE Observer app  or one of the other  data entry options  (for trained GLOBE members). Challenge participants with the most observations will be congratulated by a NASA scientist in a...


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Today we start a series of posts devoted to providing information, tips, tricks and answers to frequently asked questions by Calitoo users! So, how do you measure Aerosol Optical Thickness (AOT) with a Calitoo? First and foremost: NEVER look directly at the sun! And… ONLY take measurements when the sun is not obstructed by clouds. TIP: Use your hand(s) to cover the sun; if you see any clouds on either side of your hand(s), do NOT take any measurements. Wait until the sun is not obstructed by clouds. Now, the Calitoo sun photometer measures AOT values at 465 nm, 540...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Science and Math STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) Science Symposia and Fairs GLOBE Science Topics: General Science GLOBE Protocols GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group General News Topics: Virtual Science Fair Investigation Areas: Atmosphere » Aerosols Primary Audience: Partners Students Teachers

The NASA GLOBE Clouds team is excited to highlight Mr. Gary Popiolkowski, a middle school science teacher at Chartiers-Houston Jr./Sr. High School in Houston, PA, USA. Mr. Popiolkowski has been teaching for 44 years and has been a GLOBE teacher since 1995. He has had his students doing cloud observations for the past 18 years, submitting over 15,000 observations! He has also been doing virtual connections with Patumwan Demonstration School in Thailand each year for the past four years. We ask Mr. Popiolkowski how he does it! Here is what he shared: Each period of the day the...


Posted in: Curriculum: Science and Math STEM Event Topics: Other GLOBE Science Topics: General Science GLOBE Protocols Scientist Skills Investigation Areas: Atmosphere » Clouds Atmosphere » Surface Temperature Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

The GLOBE Clouds team at NASA Langley Research Center in Hampton, VA would like to highlight the top observers for the month of February! Thank you to all observers for submitting your observations and using the satellite matching of data. Also, remember that on March 15, 2018 we will start our NASA GLOBE Clouds: Spring Cloud Observations Data Challenge ! The top observers will be congratulated by a NASA scientist with a video posted on the NASA GLOBE Clouds website. Click here for more information.   Top 10 cloud observers for February 2018   ...


Posted in: Event Topics: Competitions GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science General Science GLOBE Protocols Scientist Skills General News Topics: Competitions Investigation Areas: Atmosphere » Clouds Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

A fourth grade student from Public School 122 (Queens, NY), recently visited NASA Langley for a week. During his visit, he studied the GLOBE Aerosol Protocol. He went outside the Atmospheric Sciences building and collected aerosol data using a Calitoo sun photometer, which measures Aerosol Optical Thickness (AOT) at three wavelengths: 465nm (blue), 540nm (green) and 619nm (red). After downloading the data measured with the Calitoo to his laptop, the student learned how to access AERONET data. The AERONET ( AE rosol RO botic NET work) project is a federation of ground-based remote...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Science and Math STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) Science Symposia and Fairs GLOBE Science Topics: General Science GLOBE Protocols GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group General News Topics: Virtual Science Fair Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Atmosphere » Aerosols Primary Audience: Partners Students Teachers

The NASA GLOBE Clouds team recently presented a webinar the details of how your cloud observations are matched to satellite data. The webinar, recording found below, also focuses on the importance and quality of the observations, ways that the data can be used by scientists, and current work being done by the team at NASA Langley Research Center in Hampton, VA.  The webinar also highlights newly processed data from the temperature and cloud observations reported for the Great North American Solar Eclipse on August 21, 2017.      See how your data...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Science and Math Technology STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science General Science GLOBE Protocols Earth System Science Scientist Skills General News Topics: Video Investigation Areas: Atmosphere » Clouds Primary Audience: Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Teachers Trainers

Spring is starting to spring in some parts of the Northern Hemisphere but not quite yet in others. The March observations period for the Urban Heat Island/Surface Temperature Student Research Campaign has started. Please take surface temperature observations in March to help out with the campaign. If you can, please take observations from two sites so you can compare the temperatures for them. One approach is to take observations from a grassy area and an asphalt area to compare. Just a quick look at surface temperature data on the GLOBE visualization page shows the cold weather that is...


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Earth System Science

This past week was a very exciting one for the Science Education Team at NASA Langley Research Center! Four members visited one of the schools participating in the GLOBE Air Quality Student Research Campaign: Our Lady of Mount Carmel School, in Newport News, VA., where twenty middle school students, led by their science teacher Ms. Angie Rizzi, presented their team research projects and posters about aerosols. After students started taking aerosol measurements and once they had selected their research project questions, Dr. Pippin, -lead scientist for the GLOBE Air Quality Student...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Science and Math STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) Science Symposia and Fairs GLOBE Science Topics: General Science GLOBE Protocols GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group General News Topics: Virtual Science Fair Investigation Areas: Atmosphere » Aerosols Primary Audience: Partners Students Teachers

Mr. Jeff Bouwman The NASA GLOBE Clouds team is excited to highlight Mr. Jeff Bouwman, a 6th and 7th grade teacher at  Shumate Middle School  ( Gibraltar School District ) in Gibraltar, MI. Mr. Bouwman was one of the top 10 GLOBE Cloud observers for 2017 and we are very excited for the research his students are doing with the data.    We invite you to read his most recent post -   "It's Cool to Have Your Head in the Clouds" - and read the research his students are doing with 2-years of cloud observations!    If you would...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Science and Math Technology STEM Event Topics: Science Symposia and Fairs GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science General Science GLOBE Protocols Scientist Skills General News Topics: Competitions Virtual Science Fair Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Atmosphere » Clouds Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Primary Audience: Scientists Students Teachers Trainers Teacher's Guide: Grade Level Investigation Area Documents

The 2017-18 GLOBE U.S. Air Quality Student Research Campaign is well underway in the United States! There are 34 school participating with more joining as the weeks go by: Broadalbin Perth High School (Alicia Dobyns) Cassadaga Middle School (Sandi Askin) Crestwood High School (Diana Johns) * Elizabeth City Middle School (Wanda Hathaway) Fredonia Middle School (Amy Lauer) Hamburg High School (Kaci Nowadly) Kipp Intrepid Prep School (Robert Bujosa) Life Academy (Sarah Pipping) * Main Street Intermediate School (Marcy Burns) Met Sacramento High School...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Science and Math STEM Event Topics: Campaigns and Projects (IOPs, Webinars, etc) Science Symposia and Fairs GLOBE Science Topics: General Science GLOBE Protocols GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group General News Topics: Virtual Science Fair Investigation Areas: Atmosphere » Aerosols Primary Audience: Partners Students Teachers

NASA GLOBE Clouds: Spring Cloud Observations Data Challenge Audience : Students and teachers all grade levels, informal educators, and the general public Dates : March 15, 2018 - April 15, 2018 The NASA GLOBE Clouds team at NASA Langley Research Center in Hampton, VA is excited to announce the NASA GLOBE Clouds: Spring Cloud Observations Data Challenge . Participants are invited to enter up to 10 cloud observations per day from March 15, 2018 to April 15, 2018 using the GLOBE Program’s data entry options or using GLOBE Observer app . GLOBE and...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Science and Math Technology STEM Event Topics: Other Competitions GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science General Science GLOBE Protocols Scientist Skills General News Topics: Competitions Investigation Areas: Atmosphere Atmosphere » Clouds Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Students Teachers Trainers Teacher's Guide: Grade Level

The GLOBE Clouds team at NASA Langley Research Center in Hampton, VA would like to highlight the top observers for the month of January! Thank you to all observers for submitting your observations and using the satellite matching of data.   Top 10 cloud observers for January 2018   Observer School Country Total Observations Ebtisam Nahhas 19th Secondary Girls School at Al-Madinah Al-Monawarah Saudi Arabia 121 Helio Cabral ...


Posted in: GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science General Science GLOBE Protocols General News Topics: Competitions Primary Audience: Alumni Country Coordinators Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

Friday, February 2nd is Groundhog Day and some of us will be waiting to see if Punxsutawney Phil saw a shadow or not! Punxsutawney Phil and other groundhogs have been predicting the arrival of Spring for many years and has intrigued us all.   NASA Education Specialist Dr. Anne Weiss NASA Education specialist at NASA Langley Research Center, Dr. Anne Weiss, was gathering cloud and temperature data while visiting her nephews (3rd, 5th, and 8th grade) when they got talking about Punxsutawney Phil. Her nephews were questioning if Punxsutawney Phil’s forecast would affect...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research Science and Math GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science General Science GLOBE Protocols Scientist Skills Investigation Areas: Atmosphere » Clouds Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate » Estimating Cloud Cover Primary Audience: Students Teachers Trainers

Satellites can detect and collect a lot of observations in very short amount of time. It is simple to think that anything that is white in an image is a cloud. Well, not always.  Look at these beautiful images taken by the GOES 16 satellite of the recent "Winter Weather Bomb" that left a blanket of snow from South Georgia to New England on January 4, 2018. Click here and watch a loop of images from the GOES 16 satellite for January 4, 2018. GOES 16 Image taken on January 4, 2018 at 171720Z GOES 16 Image taken on January 4, 2018 at 201720Z   ...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research STEM Event Topics: Other GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science Climate General Science GLOBE Protocols Scientist Skills Investigation Areas: Atmosphere » Clouds Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Primary Audience: Partners Scientists Students Teachers Trainers

Here at NASA Langley we've started the year with snow, and lots of it! Has all this snow and weather gotten you hooked on the weather? Do you like to watch the weather reports on TV or on your phone? Dr. Yolanda Shea, a scientist at NASA Langley Research Center, used to do just that when she was younger. See what inspired her and how she became a NASA scientist! Comment and share how this video inspires you! Also, with all this snow on the ground, be sure to submit your cloud reports! Enter your data through GLOBE or use the  GLOBE Observer app and follow...


Posted in: Curriculum: STEM GLOBE Science Topics: Backyard Science General Science Scientist Skills Primary Audience: Country Coordinators Partners Students Teachers Trainers

We are in the middle of our December observations for the Urban Heat Island Effect/Surface Temperature Field Campaign. 69 schools have entered 1323 observations. As developer of the surface temperature protocol I wanted to thank everyone who has taken observations . It is your data that will allow other students to create interesting research projects as well as providing a database for me and my students to conduct research. We have schools all over the world taking surface temperature observations to contribute to the campaign. I want to talk about problems some schools are having with...


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The GLOBE Clouds team loves coming up with ways to help students and teachers identify clouds. I've been blessed to visit a number of 4th grade full inclusion classrooms and want to share my quick cloud ID and data collection activity outline! Anchor question: Do all clouds look the same, even from space? Goal: Students identify, collect and submit cloud observations by using their own notes and clues for each possible cloud type. Objectives:  Students will, (A) Recognize that clouds are part of the water cycle. (B) Investigate cloud types...


Posted in: Curriculum: STEM GLOBE Science Topics: GLOBE Protocols Scientist Skills Learning Activities: Atmosphere and Climate Primary Audience: Teachers Trainers Teacher's Guide: Grade Level » Upper Primary: 3-5 Protocol Specific Documents » Resources

The GLOBE Clouds team at NASA Langley Research Center in Hampton, VA would like to highlight the top observers of 2017! Thank you to all observers for submitting your observations and using the satellite matching of data.   Top 10 cloud observers for 2017   Observer School Country Total Observations Valentina Langiene Zemynos pro-gimnazium Lithuania 1201 Ahmad Alhefzi As-Siddiq Secondary School at...


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By Olawale Oluwafemi (Femi), (Nigerian Space Agency) and DeStaerke Danielle (CNES) The primary objective of every research project is not only about what you discover but also how do you communicate your discoveries to the interested audience. Delivering either a poster or oral presentation at a scientific meeting is not an easy task, but my passionate friend Danielle and I will present tips that will assist GLOBE Students and Teachers to deliver good scientific presentations.  Plate 1: Femi delivering poster presentation during GLOBE Annual Meeting at Estes Park,...


Posted in: Curriculum: Education Research STEM Event Topics: GLOBE Learning Expeditions Science Symposia and Fairs Competitions GLOBE Science Topics: Meetings/Conferences GLOBE Working Groups: Science Working Group Education Working Group General News Topics: Meetings Virtual Science Fair Primary Audience: Scientists Students Teachers Trainers